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  • Everyone comes to a national park in Africa and they want to see lions.

  • They are among the most incredible species I've ever worked with.

  • Yeah, my name is Paolo Boulais.

  • I'm a National Geographic Explorer and associate director of line conservation for Goran Goes a national park in Mozambique.

  • When we began, nothing was known about how Maney lions we had, but was all about collecting data to really put this population on the map.

  • This country endured 16 years of civil war, and that war was centered in Gore in Gaza.

  • During that time, there was a lot of over hunting, so we lost about 95% of our large mammals in a very short time.

  • After the war, recovery began slowly, and by 2000 and six, the Greg Carr Foundation and the government of Mozambique forged a long term plan to restore this national park to the gym that it used to be.

  • Before, over the past decade, we've seen a remarkable recovery of wildlife populations.

  • With the exception of lions.

  • They didn't make a strong comeback, and our research was specifically to ask why.

  • To be effective in conservation, you have to collect data which will guide you in the right direction.

  • When we first got started, we knew we had to collect data on how maney lines we had.

  • How many female, how maney males on what they were eating, where they were ranging.

  • So we collect data using a variety of techniques.

  • One is we collect spatial data from the GPS satellite collars.

  • So these colors, besides pinging with satellites, also have a radio signal that's picking off.

  • Every lion with the color has a unique number, so we can tune in on the dial on the radio and actually here where they are.

  • Secondly, we use camera traps to collect data on lions and other species across the park.

  • We collected so much data that we launched wild cam gore in Gaza, which allows anybody with the WiFi connection to log on and help us identify species.

  • Okay, in conservation these days, you need to be able to react fast.

  • We don't have time on our side.

  • Mhm.

  • And thirdly, we are actually on the ground without teams collecting data in the field.

  • Throughout data collection, we learned that snares with the biggest threat to lions.

  • The snare is a piece of wire or a steel trap that are set by hunters in the park to catch Buffalo Warthog.

  • But, incidentally, lions are in these very same places, and they become entrapped.

  • And so we began to intervene.

  • Patrols go out and sweep areas clean of devices that lions and other wildlife are getting trapped in.

  • They can come back with 20.

  • Sometimes they come back with 200.

  • But they're actually collecting data on where these snares and traps of set because there are patterns closer to water, forced edges closer to the boundary.

  • So where before, sneers with such a threat?

  • Today, thanks to the lion patrols and data that we've collected, we've been able to reverse that trend we're looking for.

  • A couple are very large line I since one is very, very pregnant, and the other has come see you can my baby.

  • Over the past year, we've seen such high cut production.

  • Wherever we look, all the lionesses we've been studying have cups.

  • At this point, we feel like we're on the path to recovery.

  • Yeah, the time is now.

  • If we don't act today in 20 years, we could lose lions on this continent.

  • That's why we care.

  • And we believe we can do something to better the situation.

  • Yeah.

  • Data collection will always be important in conservation.

  • New threats will emerge.

  • They won't be the same as threats we encountered five or 10 years ago.

  • They may.

  • But in the meantime, as we bring data in, we can act on that data.

  • And that's the most important thing for us now.

  • Yeah.

Everyone comes to a national park in Africa and they want to see lions.

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Rewilding Gorongosa: Lions | National Geographic

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/24
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