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  • Exactly two weeks away from Election Day, the U.S. presidential candidates are out and about on the campaign trail.

  • And that's where we're starting today's edition of CNN 10.

  • It's great to see you.

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • Millions of early votes are in.

  • In fact, a survey of ballot data that CNN participated in found that more than 27 million votes have been cast so far.

  • That count stretched across 45 states and the District of Columbia.

  • Traditionally, though, the biggest day for U.S. politicians is election day itself.

  • And as November 3rd approaches, they're doing everything they can to get their supporters to the polls.

  • On Sunday, at an in-person rally in Carson City, Nevada, incumbent Republican President Donald Trump spoke to supporters.

  • And the best is yet to come, it's happening.

  • The best is yet to come.

  • Proud citizens like you helped build this country, and together we are taking back our country.

  • We're returning power to you, the American people.

  • So with your help, your devotion and your drive, we're going to keep on working.

  • We're going to keep on fighting.

  • And we're going to keep on winning, winning, winning.

  • Also on Sunday at a drive-in rally in Durham, North Carolina, Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden spoke to supporters in their cars.

  • Folks, as my coach used to say at college, "It's go time!"

  • I'm running as a proud Democrat, but I will govern as an American president.

  • No red states, no blue states, just the United States.

  • I promise you: I'll work as hard for those who don't support me as those who did.

  • But it's not just the presidential candidates who are working to get votes.

  • As we reported last Thursday, every voting seat in the U.S House of Representatives is up for election.

  • Democrats currently control that chamber with 232 seats to the Republicans 197.

  • There's one Libertarian and five vacant seats in the House.

  • In the Senate, 35 seats just over a third or up for election.

  • Republicans currently controlled that chamber, with 53 seats to the Democrats 45.

  • There are two independents who vote with the Democrats.

  • And in addition to all that, thousands of state and local officials are trying to win the vote.

  • So Americans have seen dozens of signs and ads for candidates not named Biden or Trump.

  • But unlike those elections and the ballot measures, when voters themselves get to decide a law issue, the vote for the presidency is not direct.

  • It's for electors, members of the Electoral College who ultimately decide who sits in the White House.

  • Americans do not vote directly for their president.

  • I'm not talking about a government conspiracy.

  • I'm talking about the Electoral College, a system that has been around since the birth of our nation.

  • What is the Electoral College?

  • The Electoral College is not a building or institution.

  • It's just the name given to a designated group of people who cast each state's official votes for president.

  • This group is made up of 538 people.

  • Each state has a different number of electors based on their representatives in Congress.

  • So states like California and Texas have more votes than states like North and South Dakota.

  • The only exception?

  • The District of Columbia, which has three electors despite not having any voting members in Congress.

  • How does it work?

  • Each party selects their own group of electors.

  • Each state that empowers the electors who represent the candidate who won the most votes, except Nebraska and Maine, who award electors based on a combination of statewide results and districts won.

  • The candidate who receives at least 270 Electoral College votes becomes the next president.

  • What if there's a tie?

  • If there is a tie or if somebody doesn't get to 270 , the House of Representatives appoints the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.

  • Why does this system exist?

  • In short, the Electoral College was created as a compromise of several different proposals by the nation's founders.

  • Critics say the system allows candidates to become president without necessarily securing a majority of voter support.

  • Advocates argue it ensures less populated states aren't completely ignored.

  • How are these people selected?

  • The electors are chosen by their political parties in each state.

  • The only rule is that they cannot currently hold office.

  • Can an elector ignore the popular vote?

  • Yes, it's called a faithless elector, but it's rare, and it has never affected the outcome of an election.

  • Some states require formal pledges enforced by fines and possible jail time, but, historically speaking, members rarely depart from the will of the people.

  • One big reason why 27 million of those people have made their will known ahead of Election day: concerns about coronavirus.

  • They're trying to avoid crowded public polling places on November 3rd, even though they've been waiting in some very long lines to vote early.

  • The number of COVID cases has been increasing in most US states, but a top infectious disease specialist says another nationwide lockdown is not the answer, at least not at this point.

  • Instead, he's urging Americans to avoid crowds, gather in small groups outdoors and wear masks.

  • In Europe, however, there are countries considering closures once again.

  • I'm Ben Wedeman.

  • In Naples Sunday evening, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conti announced new measures to try to slow the second wave of coronavirus here.

  • They were, however, fairly modest measures, simply limiting some forms of social gathering.

  • For the last five days in a row, Italy has reported record increases in the number of new coronavirus cases.

  • Increases the likes of which we never saw here during the darkest days of the pandemic earlier this year.

  • I'm Salma Abdelaziz in Manchester, where we finally have a breakthrough after a dayslong standoff between the authorities here and the government of Prime Minister Boris Johnson over plans to raise the alert level of the city.

  • The mayor says that he has had constructive talks with the government.

  • We've also heard from the housing secretary that a larger financial package will be offered to the city to help affected businesses.

  • The government says it is hopeful that a conclusion will be reached today, but it's important to remember Manchester is just one city.

  • Imagine having to negotiate these restrictions city by city, town by town.

  • That's part of the reason why the country's scientific advisers are calling for a nationwide lockdown.

  • I'm Scott McLain in Berlin, where the chancellor is urging Germans to abide by coronavirus rules as the number of infections continues to rise.

  • Meanwhile, in nearby Prague, people protested the new restrictions there over the weekend, with no social distancing and few masks in sight.

  • I'm Melissa Bell in Paris.

  • Here in France, the daily rises in new coronavirus cases for the fourth day in a row above 25,000.

  • This as the curfews came into effect in 10 French cities, including here in Paris from midnight on Friday.

  • It's going to take some time, though for those to have an impact--if they do--on the number of new cases.

  • And, of course, all eyes are very much on what these massive rises in new cases are gonna mean for the number of I.C.U beds taken up by coronavirus patients.

  • Already nationally, it is above 35 percent.

  • And in places like the greater Paris region, 46.8.

  • 10 second trivia!

  • Who or what is 2018VP1?

  • An asteroid, a comet, Mike Pence, or the first Masked Singer?

  • It's a bird?

  • It's a plane?

  • No! It's an asteroid that's headed toward Earth as you watch this show.

  • And it could hit the Earth one day before the U.S. election--but it probably won't.

  • Scientists have known about this asteroid since 2018.

  • It's about the size of a refrigerator, and they say there's a chance of one in 240 that it will enter Earth's atmosphere on November 2nd.

  • But even if 2018VP1 is on a path to do that, astronomers say it'll disintegrate and burn up in our atmosphere before it hits the ground beneath our feet.

  • Many of them are far more interested in another asteroid named Bennu.

  • NASA has a US$1.16 billion mission, in which a spacecraft is going to try to touch down on Bennu, collect a sample of its surface and bring it back home to Earth in 2023.

  • It's taking so long because the asteroid and the spacecraft are 200 million miles from Earth.

  • But if it works, it will be the first time a sample from a rock in space is brought back to our planet.

  • NASA should know by Tuesday if the sample collection successfully took place.

  • Well, the moon is set to get a 4G network, and it may be more reliable than ours.

  • There won't be any trees, buildings or TV signals to get in the way.

  • But Carl, you might be asking: there are no people on the moon, why do this?

  • So glad you asked.

  • NASA is hoping to build a moon base by 2028, and they figure it'll need wireless technology.

  • So they gave Bell Labs US$14 million to build out a 4G network on the moon, and it'll be upgradable to 5G.

  • The 2028 is many moons from now.

  • 5G technology may no longer be out of this world by then.

  • Technology buffs may 5-"jeer" at it, saying putting something so dated on the moon is sheer lunar-cy.

  • Maybe ET can phone home, but it might be to dial up a complaint about a slow connection.

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • Hey, speaking of planetary connections, it is great to see the students of the American Embassy School in New Delhi today.

  • Thank you for watching from the Indian capital.

  • Come on back tomorrow for more CNN.

Exactly two weeks away from Election Day, the U.S. presidential candidates are out and about on the campaign trail.

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There's Cell Service On The Moon? | October 20, 2020

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/11/02
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