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  • Hi, everyone.

  • I'm Esther.

  • In this video, I will introduce the future perfect tense.

  • This tense is used to express an action in the future

  • that will happen by a specific time in the future.

  • This tense can be a little difficult to understand but don't worry I will guide you through it

  • so keep watching.

  • The future perfect tense is used to express an action in the future

  • that will happen by a specific time in the future.

  • Let's look at some examples.

  • The first sentence says,

  • 'The snow will have stopped by April.'

  • We start with the subject.

  • In this case, 'The snow'.

  • Then, we follow with 'will have' and the past participle of the verb.

  • In this case, we used 'stopped' for the verb 'stop'.

  • At the end of the sentence, you'll notice 'by April'.

  • 'by April' shows the specific time in the future when this action will have happened.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'By the time he graduates, he will have completed five years of study.'

  • In this sentence,

  • 'By the time he graduates' or the specific time in the future.

  • comes at the beginning of the sentence

  • so 'by' plus 'a time in the future'

  • can come at the end or it can come at the beginning.

  • 'By the time he graduates, he will have completed…'

  • Again, you see 'subject + will + have' and the past participle of the verb.

  • In this case, 'completed'.

  • 'By the time he graduates, he will have completed five years of study.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'Her arm will have fully healed by the summer.'

  • In this example, 'by the summer', the future specific time, comes at the end.

  • By this time in the future, her 'arm', that's the subject, will have 'healed', the past participle.

  • Here I put 'fully' just to show how much it will have healed.

  • I'm just adding an extra description.

  • The last sentence says,

  • 'By next month, …' so here we see 'by' and 'the time' at the beginning of the sentence.

  • 'you', that's the subject.

  • 'will have received', there's the past participle.

  • 'your promotion.'

  • Again, 'By next month you will have received your promotion.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, let's talk about the negative form of the future perfect tense.

  • Here are some examples.

  • Let's take a look.

  • The first sentence says,

  • 'I will not have graduated from university by July.'

  • First, I want to point out that at the end, I have the specific time in the future,

  • 'byJuly'.

  • Now for the negative form, what I do is say, 'subject' and 'will not have',

  • then we put the past participle of the verb.

  • 'I will not have graduated from university by July.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'Ollie and Max will not have spoken ...'

  • There it is again, 'will not have' and then the past participle of speak ...

  • which is 'spoken'.

  • '… before the plane leaves.'

  • Here, instead of the word 'by', we used 'before' to show a specific time in the future.

  • That's okay as well.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'You will not have eaten dinner by 6 p.m.'

  • Here, again, we've used 'by 6 p.m.' to show a time in the future.

  • And again, you see 'you will not have' and then the past participle of eat which is 'eaten'.

  • The last sentence says, 'By noon …', there's the time again,

  • 'I will not have taken off to Japan.'

  • 'taken' is the past participle of 'take'.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, let's move on to how to form questions in the future perfect tense.

  • The first sentence here says,

  • 'You will have gone to work by 10 a.m.'

  • To turn this into a question, all we have to do is switch the order of the first two words.

  • 'You will' becomes 'Will you'.

  • You'll notice that the rest of the question stays the same as the sentence.

  • 'Will you have gone to work by 10 a.m.?'

  • You can answer by saying, 'Yes, I will have.'

  • or 'No, I will have not.'

  • The next sentence says, 'She will have woken up by noon.'

  • Again, to turn this into a question just switch the first two words.

  • 'She will' becomes 'Will she'.

  • 'Will she have woken up by noon?'

  • Again, the rest of the sentence stays the same.

  • 'Will she have woken up by noon?'

  • To reply, you can say, 'Yes, she will have.'

  • or 'No, she will have not.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, I'll talk about how to form 'WH' questions in the future perfect tense.

  • If you notice on the board, each of these questions begins with the 'WH' word.

  • 'Where', 'what', 'who', and 'when'.

  • Then after each 'WH' word comes the word 'will'.

  • 'Where will' 'What will'

  • 'Who will' and 'When will'

  • So let's take a look at the first question.

  • 'Where will'…' then you add 'the subject'.

  • In this case, 'you'.

  • And then, 'have' and after that the past participle of the verb.

  • In this case, it's 'traveled'.

  • 'Where will you have traveled by December?'

  • I can answer by saying, 'I will have traveled to Germany and Denmark.'

  • There are many possible answers here and this is just an example.

  • The next question says, 'What will they have done …'

  • 'done' is the past participle of 'do'.

  • '… by the end of the evening?'

  • I can answer by saying, 'They will have done their homework.'

  • The next question says, 'Who will she have interviewed by 5 p.m.?'

  • Again, 'who will' + the subject 'have' and the past participle of the verb.

  • I can answer this question by saying,

  • 'She will have interviewed the teachers by 5 p.m.'

  • And finally, 'When will they have started to learn?'

  • One way to answer this question is to say,

  • 'They will have started to learn in January.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Good job, guys.

  • Now you have a better understanding of the future perfect tense.

  • I want you to keep studying and practicing this tense.

  • I know studying English can be difficult, but I believe in you

  • and I will guide you through it.

  • I'll see you in the next video.

Hi, everyone.

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A2 participle sentence perfect tense future perfect specific time tense

Learn Future Perfect Tense | Basic English Grammar Course

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    Summer posted on 2020/10/08
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