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  • Hello, everybody. Welcome to this English course

  • In today's video, I'm going  to tell you about nouns

  • Because in English, nouns are very important. They are the basic element of a sentence

  • So if you want to speak English, you need to know about the  

  • different kinds of nouns. And I'm going to try and teach  

  • you as well as I can. Let's get started

  • Ok, so let's start with concrete nouns. Now in English, concrete nouns  

  • are people places or things, including animals

  • That you can see, that you can smell, or taste, or hear, or touch

  • So you can basically use your five senses. Let me give you a few examples

  • If we talk about people

  • you could say, a man or a teacher

  • or me, Fanny. Or Mr. Smith

  • If we talk about places, you could say

  • a house, a school. You could name a city like London

  • Very nice city. Or a beach

  • And if you talk about things, you could say a shoe

  • you could say a marker, you could talk about a dog 

  • or food like a pizza. These are concrete nouns....ok

  • Now let's move on to abstract nouns. So abstract nouns, unlike concrete nouns

  • are ideas, concepts, emotions. And you can't see an idea

  • You can't smell a concept. You can't taste an emotion

  • Or hear it. Or touch it. So they are nouns. They are things that exist, but 

  • you cannot see them, or taste them. You can't use your five sense

  • To give you a few examples, we could talk about love

  • or time, or religion

  • rules. These are all words that represent 

  • ideas, concepts... okay They're abstract nouns in English

  • Now, let's get into more detail about nouns. Let's now see the difference between common nouns 

  • and proper nouns which are  very important in English

  • So common nouns and proper nouns refer to people, places, things,  

  • ideas. Let's see a few examples

  • We could talk about people for example. A woman

  • That's a common noun. But if we talk about a specific woman

  • for example, me, Fanny. That becomes a proper noun with a capital 'F'. 

  • because, and you should know this, proper nouns are always capitalized

  • You could talk about places. A city. That's a common noun

  • But then you can name a specific city. Let's take

  • great city, London, of course. With a capital 'L'. 

  • Remember proper nouns - always capitalized. We can talk about things for 

  • example. An animal. Let's take a dog. A dog

  • That's a common noun. But if we take a specific dog, like  

  • Snoopy - capital 'S', that's the proper noun

  • If we talk about things  again, but for example, a car

  • that's a common noun. But if we name the brand,  

  • the specific brand of the car like Volvo, that's a proper noun. And it takes a capital 'V'. 

  • And finally, and we can say, a team - common noun. But if we name a specific team, for example

  • the best football team, Manchester United

  • then that's a proper noun and it's capitalized

  • Now mind you, 'team', is a special word because it's called 

  • a collective noun in English because it refers to a group of people

  • So collective nouns can be used as singular nouns or plural nouns

  • But we will talk about this again later. So now that we know a lot about nouns in English

  • Let's practice finding nouns in a sentence. Okay, first

  • In my class at Oxford  University, I have many friends

  • My best friend is Jan. I have a lot of love for her

  • Jan has a cute dog. Its name is Juju

  • What are the nouns in these sentences

  • If we take the first sentence, In my class at Oxford University,  

  • I have many friends. We have, class, and friends

  • These are common nouns. We also have a proper noun, Oxford University

  • We know it's a proper noun  because it's capitalized

  • The second sentence is, My best friend is Jen

  • Now in this sentence, the noun is, friend - common noun

  • And there's also the word, Jen, is also a noun but a proper noun

  • As you can see it's capitalized. Then, I have a lot of love for her

  • What noun can you see? Of course, 'love'. 

  • Remember the abstract noun we talked about a few minutes ago

  • And finally, Jan has a cute dog. Its name is Juju. What nouns can we find

  • We can see, 'Jen', again - proper noun. 'Dog' - common noun

  • But also, 'name', and 'Juju'. 'Name's' a common noun

  • 'Juju' is the proper noun. It's capitalized

  • As you probably know, I haven't mentioned, 'I', or 'her', or 'its'. 

  • They are also nouns, but they are pronouns and they're considered a different  

  • category in English. We will talk about them in another video

  • Great job guys! Thank you for watching my video

  • I hope you now have a better understanding of nouns in English

  • Please keep practicing. Practice makes perfect

  • I'm sure you will very soon be able to recognize nouns in a sentence

  • Please make sure to watch my  next video as I keep on talking  

  • about nouns. See you

  • Thank you for watching my video guys. If you've liked this video, please click like

  • subscribe to our channel, show us your support, put your comments below and 

  • share this video. Thank you.

  • Hello guys! And welcome to this English course on nouns

  • In today's video, we're going to  talk about singular and plural nouns.

  • When you speak English, it's very important  to know the difference between a singular noun  

  • and a plural noun. Ok

  • So I will explain to you the different rules. And we will practice together

  • Let's get started

  • Ok guys, the first you need to know  is that a singular noun means one

  • So, for example, I can say, 'cat'. 'a cat

  • 'one cat' 'school

  • 'a school' 'one school

  • 'team' Now don't forget, 'team' is a collective noun

  • It's a group of people, but  still, it's a singular noun

  • We talk about 'a team', or 'one team. 'lady

  • 'monkey' 'tomato

  • 'a tomato' 'one tomato

  • Or 'piano'. Now, if we talk  

  • about plural nouns, it means more than one. So for example, two, three, four, or many

  • If we take our words again,  'a cat' becomes 'cats'. 

  • 'two cats' 'three cats

  • 'many cats' 'school'' becomes 'schools'. 

  • 'team' becomes 'teams'. Ok, so you just add an 's'. 

  • Now 'lady' becomes 'ladies. 'monkey' becomes 'monkeys'. 

  • But, two different rules. As you can see, 'lady' is consonant + 'y'. 

  • Now when you have consonant + 'y', in an  English word, the plural will be 'ies'. 

  • 'lady' 'ladies

  • But when you have vowel + 'y' like  'monkey', it just becomes 'monkeys'. 

  • You simply add an 's'. Ok, 'monkey' becomes 'monkeys'. 

  • 'tomato' becomes 'tomatoes'. 'piano' 'pianos

  • Again, two different rules. Now 'tomato' becomes 'tomatoes'. 

  • You add 'es'. And with most words ending in 'o',  

  • so consonant + 'o', you will add 'es'. But sometimes, you will only add 's'. 

  • Like 'piano', 'pianos'. There is no particular rule for this

  • You just need to know the words  that only end with an 's'. 

  • Ok, let's move on to some pronunciation now. So, when it comes to pronunciation, we have  

  • three different sounds. The first sound is /s/. 

  • The second sound is /z/. And the third sounds is /Iz/. 

  • So let's review some words together and  be really careful, what sound do you hear

  • 'cats' 'cats

  • What can you hear? /s/ 

  • Can you repeat after me. 'cats

  • 'cats' The second word is 'schools'. 

  • 'schools' What sound can you hear

  • Of course, /z/. Repeat after me

  • 'schools' 'schools

  • The third words is 'teams'. 

  • What sound can you hear? Again, /z/. 

  • Repeat after me. 'teams

  • 'teams' Then we have 'ladies'. 

  • 'ladies' /z/ 

  • Repeat after me. 'ladies

  • 'ladies' Then 'monkeys'. 

  • /z/ again. Repeat after me

  • 'monkeys'. 'monkeys

  • Then we have 'tomatoes'. Again, it's the /z/ sound

  • 'tomatoes' 'tomatoes

  • And finally, 'pianos'. /z/ 

  • 'pianos' 'pianos

  • Let's move on to other rules now. Ok guys, let's now talk about nouns  

  • that end in 's', 'sh', 'x', 'ch', or 'z'. Now to make the plural form of these nouns,  

  • you will add 'es'. And the sound will be /Iz/. 

  • Let's review some words together. 'bus' becomes 'buses'. 

  • 'bush' 'bushes' 'fox' 'foxes

  • 'beach' 'beaches' 'quiz' 'quizzes

  • Can you repeat after me? 'buses' 'buses

  • 'bushes' 'bushes' 'foxes' 'foxes

  • 'beaches' 'beaches' 'quizzes' 'quizzes

  • Let's move on. Ok, guys

  • Moving on to nouns that end in 'f' or 'fe'. For example, 'roof' becomes 'roofs'. 

  • 'safe' 'safes' So you simply add an 's'. 

  • Then we have 'leaf' that becomes 'leaves'. Wait a minute. What happened

  • Well, ya, sometimes in English, a word ending  in 'f' becomes a word ending in 'ves' in plural

  • That's not a rule. But some words end in 'ves',  

  • you just have to learn them I'm afraid. Another word, 'wife'. 

  • And again, 'ves'. 'wives

  • 'shelf' 'shelves' Again, this 'ves' ending

  • Now let's focus on pronunciation. 'roofs

  • So it's an /s/ sound. 'roofs

  • 'roofs' Good job

  • 'safes' 'safes

  • Have you heard the /s/ sound? 'safes

  • Then we have 'leaves'. And this time it's a /z/ sound

  • Repeat after me

  • 'leaves' 'leaves

  • Great. Moving on. 'wives

  • 'wives' And finally

  • 'shelves

  • 'shelves' Great job guys

  • Let's move on to practice now. Well students, let's now practice together

  • I'm going to give you a singular noun, and  I want you to try and find the plural form  

  • of this singular noun. Ok

  • Let's give it a try. The first word is 'baby'. 

  • 'baby' Don't forget, it ends with consonant + 'y'. 

  • Do you remember the rule? It's 'babies' with 'ies'. 

  • Very nice. 'baby' 'babies

  • The second word is 'toy'. Hmmm, vowel + 'y'. 

  • So this time, 'toys'. You simply add an 's'. 

  • Then we have 'wish'. Wish is a word that ends in 'sh'. 

  • Remember the rule. 'wishes

  • You add 'es'. 'taxi' becomes 'taxis'. 

  • You simply add an 's'. 'choice' 'choices

  • Simply add an 's' as well. Then we have the word 'wolf'. 

  • Aha! It's a word ending in 'f'. 

  • Is it a word with 'ves'? It is

  • 'wolves' And finally

  • 'photo' Now remember the words ending in 'o'? 

  • You can add 'es' or simply 's'. Well with photo, you simply add an 's'. 

  • 'photos' Now if we focus on pronunciation now

  • Repeat the words after me. 'babies

  • The sound is /z/ 'babies

  • 'toys' 'toys

  • 'wishes' Remember this /Iz/ sound

  • Repeat after me. 'wishes

  • 'taxis' 'taxis

  • 'choices' 'choices

  • 'wolves' 'wolves

  • And finally, 'photos' 'photos

  • Excellent job guys. Now let's move on to some example sentences

  • I have some example sentences for you guys. Using singular and plural nouns

  • I would like you to repeat the sentences after me. And be really careful to sue proper pronunciation

  • Let's get started. First

  • 'I want a dog.' 'I like dogs.' 

  • Repeat after me, guys. 'I want a dog.' 

  • 'I like dogs.' 

  • The second sentence

  • 'I don't want a fox.' 'I don't like foxes.' 

  • After me, guys. 'I don't want a fox.' 

  • 'I don't like foxes.' Great, moving on the to the third sentence

  • 'I bought a watch.' 'I have many watches.' 

  • Repeat after me. 'I bought a watch.' 

  • 'I have many watches.' 

  • Good job. Sentence four now

  • 'I have a new stereo.' 'Now, I have two stereos.' 

  • After me. 'I have a new stereo.' 

  • 'Now, I have two stereos.' 

  • Excellent! And finally

  • 'There's a knife.' 'There are six knives in the kitchen.' 

  • Repeat after me. 'There's a knife.' 

  • 'There are six knives in the kitchen.' 

  • Amazing job guys. Very nice

  • I hoped this has helped. I hope you now understand better,  

  • singular and plural nouns in English. Now, I haven't talked about all  

  • the pronunciation rules, But I hope you have a good  

  • sense now of how pronounce plural forms. Make sure you watch my next video if you  

  • want to know more about nouns in English. Thank you very much for watching guys

  • Thank you for watching my video, guys! If you've liked this video,  

  • please show me your support. Click 'like'. 

  • Subscribe to the channel. Put your comments below and  

  • share the video. See you

  • Hello, guys. Welcome to this English course on nouns

  • In today's video, I'm going to tell  you about irregular plural nouns

  • Now there are crazy ways of  making plural forms in English

  • And there are a lot of irregular forms. I want you to know about them,  

  • so let's get started

  • Again, guys, there are so many  irregular plural forms in English

  • And I'm afraid there are no particular rules. You just need to learn the words

  • But I'm going to try and tell  you about the most common ones

  • Ok? Let's review some words together

  • Ok, so, for example. We have a singular noun