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  • Hi, everybody.

  • I'm Esther.

  • In this video, I will introduce the future continuous English grammar tense.

  • This tense can be used to express an ongoing action in the future.

  • I'll go over the basics of this lesson.

  • And by the end you'll have a better idea of when to use this tense.

  • There's a lot to learn, so let's get started.

  • One usage of the future continuous tense

  • is to talk about an ongoing action that will happen in the future.

  • We include when this action will be happening.

  • We can use 'will be' or 'be going to be'.

  • To do this, let's take a look at some examples.

  • 'I will be taking the test soon.'

  • So you can see here we have the subject and then 'will be'.

  • After that, we include verb +ing.

  • The word 'soon' at the end of this sentence indicates when this action will be happening.

  • 'I am going to be taking the test soon.'

  • This sentence means the same thing as the first sentence,

  • but instead of 'will be', we used 'be going to be'.

  • Here the subject is 'I'.

  • And therefore we have the 'be' verb 'am'.

  • 'I am going to be' And then verb +ing.

  • 'I am going to be taking the test soon.'

  • I can also use the contraction and say.

  • 'I'm going to be taking the test soon.'

  • The next sentence says, 'He will be sleeping by 10 p.m.'

  • And the last sentence says, 'They are going to be …'

  • Here, because the subject is 'they', we use 'are'.

  • 'They are going to be studying …' There's the verb +ing

  • '… next October.'

  • 'by 10 pm' and 'next October' show when these actions will be happening.

  • Let's move on.

  • The future continuous tense is also used to show

  • that a short action in the future is happening

  • during or while a longer action is in progress in the future,.

  • We can use the word 'when' to show when the shorter action occurs.

  • Take a look at the first example,

  • 'I will be sleeping when they arrive.'

  • Here we see two actions,

  • 'I will be sleeping' and 'they arrive'.

  • The part of the sentence that's in the future continuous tense is the longer action

  • that's in progress in the future.

  • 'I will be sleeping.'

  • Remember, 'I will be' and then verb +ing.

  • This is the action that is ongoing in the future.

  • Then we see 'when they arrive'.

  • This is in the present tense.

  • 'they arrive'

  • This is the shorter action that happens while this action is ongoing.

  • 'We will be having dinner when the movie starts.'

  • This is very similar to the first sentence.

  • 'We will be having dinner …'

  • That's the ongoing action that will happen in the future.

  • And while this is happening, the movie will start.

  • But again, we use the present tense here.

  • 'the movie starts'

  • So we will be having dinner when the movie starts.

  • 'Tina is going to be working when you leave.'

  • Remember, we can use 'be going to be' in this tense so,

  • 'She is going to be working when you leave.'

  • This shorter action will happen while this ongoing action is in progress.

  • And finally, 'It will be raining when you go shopping'.

  • Again, this is the ongoing action.

  • And this is the shorter action.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, I'll talk about the negative form of the future continuous tense.

  • Here are some examples:

  • 'He will not be reading before bed.'

  • For the negative form, after the subject and 'will', we say 'not be'.

  • And then verb +ing.

  • 'He will not be reading before bed.'

  • He'll be doing something else.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'My dad won't be cheering when the game ends.'

  • So this is very similar to the first sentence.

  • We have the subject, 'my dad,'

  • and instead of 'will not' we use the contraction 'won't'.

  • Remember, 'won't' is a contraction for 'will not'.

  • 'My dad won't …' and then we have 'be' verb +ing.

  • 'My dad won't be cheering when the game ends.'

  • The next sentence says, 'He is not going to be working tomorrow.'

  • Here we have the 'be going to be'.

  • So 'he' is the subject and so we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • After the 'be' verb, we say 'not'.

  • He is not going to 'be' verb +ing.

  • 'He is not going to be working tomorrow.'

  • Remember, we can also use a contraction here and say,

  • 'He isn't going to be working tomorrow.'

  • That's okay as well.

  • 'We aren't going to be shopping on Sunday.'

  • Here the subject is 'we'.

  • And so the 'be' verb to use is 'are'.

  • I use the contraction here 'aren't' for 'are not'.

  • 'We are not …' or 'We aren't going to be shopping on Sunday.'

  • Great job.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about how to form basic questions in the future continuous tense.

  • Take a look at this first sentence.

  • It says, 'He will be traveling next month.'

  • Now, to turn this into a question,

  • all you have to do is change the order of the first two words.

  • So 'He will' becomes 'Will he'.

  • 'Will he be traveling next month?'

  • You'll notice that the rest of the words don't change.

  • Only the first two words.

  • So, 'Will he be traveling next month?'

  • To answer you can say, 'Yes, he will.'

  • or 'No, he won't.'

  • The next sentence says, 'They are going to be living there.'

  • Again to turn this into a question, simply switch the order of the first two words.

  • 'They are' becomes 'Are they'.

  • 'Are they going to be living there?'

  • To reply you can say, 'Yes, they are.'

  • or 'No, they aren't.'

  • Now, you'll notice in these two sentences,

  • there is no exact point in time that shows when this action will be happening in the future.

  • There is no 'next month' or anything like that.

  • In that case, it simply means sometime in the future.

  • So, they are going to be living there sometime in the future.

  • That's what that means.

  • Great job, everyone.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, I'll go into how to form 'WH' questions in the future continuous tense.

  • Take a look at the board.

  • First, you'll notice that all of these questions begin with the 'Wh' words -

  • 'Where,' 'What,' 'Who,' and 'When'.

  • Let's take a look at the first question.

  • 'Where will he be working?'

  • When we use 'will be', we start with 'Where' and then 'will'.

  • After that, we have the subject + be and then verb +ing.

  • 'Where will he be working?'

  • I can answer by saying,

  • 'He will' or 'He'll be working at the factory.'

  • The next question says, 'What will she be watching?'

  • This is very similar to the first question.

  • The only difference is that the subject is now 'she' and the verb is different.

  • 'What will she be watching?'

  • I can say, 'She'll be watching' or 'She will be watching her favorite tv show'.

  • 'Who will they be talking to?'

  • Again, very similar.

  • To answer,I can say,

  • 'They will be talking to their mom.'

  • The last question has 'be going to be'.

  • 'When are we …' here the subject is 'we'.

  • So we start with the 'be verb' – 'are'.

  • 'When are we going to be meeting Casey?'

  • I can say,

  • 'We are going to be meeting Casey later tonight.'

  • Good job, everybody.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now, you have a better understanding of the future continuous tense.

  • Please take some time to study and practice this tense as it is very important.

  • I know English can be a struggle, but don't worry, I'm here for you.

  • And I believe in you.

  • I'll see you in the next video.

Hi, everybody.

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Learn Future Continuous Tense | Basic English Grammar Course

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    Summer posted on 2020/09/12
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