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  • In the year 2020 the US is still the world's

  • sole superpower, but China is not far behind.

  • Both nations have huge amounts of influence across the globe, and economies that generate

  • enormous wealth.

  • But what about their militaries?

  • If China and the United States were to go to war, who would have the advantage?

  • In this military comparison we are pitting China's People's Liberation Army against

  • the United States military to see how they match up.

  • After we lay out the capabilities of each, we'll decide who would win in all out war.

  • Bear in mind that both of these militaries are always changing, so it is important to

  • keep an eye on the future.

  • In the end, it will all come down to which country has the stronger and smarter military.

  • Let's see if you come to the same conclusion we do, of who would win a war between China

  • and The United States of America.

  • In terms of resources China and the United States are both well equipped to support their

  • militaries during a war.

  • It is well known that the United States spends more money than any other country on its military.

  • The most recent military budget for the United States was around 721 billion dollars.

  • That is more than many countries' entire GDP.

  • On the other hand, China's military budget is around 178 billion dollars.

  • Notice the huge contrast between the two nations' military spending.

  • Just in pure spending the United States beats China, but just because a country spends a

  • lot of money, does not mean they have the better military equipment or personnel.

  • Although the United States invests more money in their military, China leads with a different

  • resource, man power.

  • If all out war happened the ability to manufacture weapons and replenish casualties would be

  • vital.

  • The current population of the United States is just over 330 million people.

  • The population of Chinaaround 1.5 billion people.

  • Of course not everyone in each population would be able to fight or work in factories.

  • But, just in terms of people, China vastly outnumbers the United States.

  • This brings us to the active number of military personnel in each country.

  • Who has the bigger military?

  • Well, it should come as no surprise that the number of soldiers in China's military is

  • much larger than the United States.

  • With more people in the country, there are more people in the military.

  • In fact, the number of military personnel in China is almost double the amount of military

  • personnel in the United States.

  • The U.S. military consists of around 1.3 million personnel on active duty.

  • The People's Liberation Army has just over 2 million military personnel.

  • If war broke out between the two countries, the United States would need to immediately

  • reinstate the draft, just to come close to matching the number of military personnel

  • the People's Liberation Army currently has.

  • Due to the immense size of the Pacific Ocean a war between China and the United States

  • would most likely not start on land.

  • So, let's first look at the air force capabilities of each nation, and how they stack up against

  • one another.

  • The total number of military aircraft the United States has is around 5,370.

  • China's air force contains about 3,010 planes.

  • But these numbers are always fluctuating as new planes are built and old aircraft are

  • retired.

  • Right now, the Chinese military is building and purchasing aircraft much faster than the

  • United States.

  • It is estimated in a few years the number of aircraft between the two nations will be

  • comparable.

  • But what about the types of aircraft?

  • Which country has better fighter planes, bombers, and transports?

  • The United States has a vast array of aircraft at their disposal.

  • The most impressive of which are the F-35 Lightning, F-22 Raptor, and F-15 Eagle.

  • These fighter jets help the U.S. maintain air superiority.

  • However, China has its own stealth fighter in the J-20, although it is only available

  • in extremely low numbers and is generally considered a 'poor man's version' of

  • the American F-35.

  • In the air, the American military still retains a lethal advantage over the Chinese military

  • with more sophisticated avionics, a much larger fleet of 5th generation aircraft, and a far

  • greater number of support aircraft such as tankers and AWACS platforms.

  • American pilots also train on average 20-30 hours more per year than their Chinese counterparts,

  • and in more realistic scenarios than the Chinese.

  • As we look at other aspects of the air force in each country, we find that larger aircraft,

  • such as bombers and transports, are not equal.

  • The United States has a clear advantage.

  • There are two reasons for this.

  • The first is because the United States just has more aircraft.

  • The second reason is because a lot of the money being pumped into the United States

  • military goes to research and development each year.

  • The United States aircrafts are up to date, while the Chinese air force is still working

  • with functional, but older models.

  • You don't need to look much further than theUnited States' Boeing B-52 Stratofortress,

  • Northrop B-2 Spirit, and Rockwell B-1 Lancer to show that in terms of dominating ground

  • targets from the air, the U.S. has the advantage.

  • Other than the skies, the next most important military technology in a war between China

  • and the United States would be the navy.

  • Controlling the oceans in this conflict would be vital for success.

  • One of the most important ships in a naval arsenal would be the aircraft carrier.

  • The floating fortresses would be crucial to launching air strikes on the opposing country.

  • Currently, the United States is the world leader in aircraft carriers.

  • The U.S. has 11 active aircraft carriers, while China only has 2- and only one of those

  • is currently rated as combat-ready.

  • This clearly puts dominance of the ocean in favor of the United States military.

  • But what about other warships?

  • If China could destroy the U.S. aircraft carriers, would they have the advantage?

  • The United States currently has around 430 naval ships on active and reserve duty.

  • However, only about 300 of these ships are currently able to deploy at a moment's notice.

  • If war broke out between China and the United States right now, China would have a fleet

  • of 335 ships to call upon- but just like is the case for the US, not every ship would

  • be available for combat, with about 20% on each side being currently undergoing maintenance,

  • retrofit, or rest and relaxation for its crews.

  • Without eliminating the US's aircraft carrier fleet, China would stand no chance of victory

  • in the Pacific if all-out conflict took place.

  • Yet even with American carriers out of action, China would be extremely hard-pressed to deal

  • with the American submarine fleet.

  • While it has its own fleet of 74 subs vs the US's 66, China severely lacks in anti-submarine

  • warfare assets, and would be ill equipped to take on America's silent service.

  • On the American side, a disastrous performance by its own anti-submarine warfare assets during

  • exercises in the early 2000s revealed a terrible crumbling of the American navy's capability

  • to wage anti-submarine warfare after the end of the Cold War.

  • Since then, and with the help of ultra-silent diesel submarines from partner nations, the

  • US has undertaken great steps to once again bolster its ASW capabilities and is believed

  • to be well-prepared to face any enemy fleet as the world prepares for great-power competitions

  • once again.

  • For now the US fleet remains supreme, but it is divided between responsibilities around

  • the world, while China can focus the entirety of its efforts in fighting America's Pacific

  • fleet alone.

  • With a rapidly modernizing fleet and more sophisticated ship-building efforts, China

  • looks set to close the gap between itself and the US in the approaching decades.

  • What would happen if the war made its way to land though?

  • Obviously it would depend on where the war was being fought.

  • The nation battling on their home turf would ultimately have the advantage, because of

  • their ability to replenish land forces more easily.

  • Let's take location out of the equation, and just compare the land based military capabilities

  • of each nation.

  • We know that in terms of soldiers China outnumbers the United States.

  • We also know that if soldier numbers need to be replenished, there are many more people

  • to choose from in China than in the United States.

  • Basically, if the two countries went to war only using soldiers, the United States would

  • eventually succumb to the large number of available manpower China has.

  • That being said, this is not how wars are fought any more.

  • Instead, land battles can be won using machinery such as tanks.

  • The United States has a tank arsenal of around 8,010 vehicles.

  • The US's main battle tank is the legendary M1 Abrams, of which not a single one has been

  • lost to enemy action yet.

  • If deployed, the United States tank army would be a devastating force.

  • It would plow through anything in its path.

  • China has fewer tanks at around 6,560, and just under half of these are first-generation

  • tanks dating back to the early Cold War era.

  • Around 2,360 of the Chinese tanks are Type 59s.

  • These tanks were produced in the 1950's and 60's.

  • They are antiquated and currently retired, but still kept in reserve.

  • This means that the tank force of China is actually much smaller than the United States'.

  • The U.S. pours billions of dollars into upgrading their tanks with state of the art equipment

  • and keeping their forces modernized.

  • Clearly, the United States would decimate China in a tank battle.

  • In today's day and age battles are rarely only fought on the ground.

  • At some point they may not even be fought on this planet.

  • Recently, the United States has implemented a new branch of the military, Space Force.

  • Space Force's mission is toorganize, train, and equip space forces in order to

  • protect U.S. and allied interests in space and to provide space capabilities to the joint

  • force.”

  • It is clear that the United States is moving towards militarizing this new horizon, but

  • is China?

  • Recent reports have shown that China has been rapidly expanding its space program.

  • They were the third country to launch a human into space, behind the former Soviet Union,

  • now Russia, and the United States.

  • China completed this feat back in 2003, and since then have ramped up their space program.

  • They are the first and only country to put a rover on the far side of the moon, where

  • they have made several discoveries.

  • China has also been launching more and more satellites and military spacecraft into space

  • in recent years.

  • It is estimated that China has more than 320 satellites, 105 of which are military in nature.

  • The United States has around 123 military satellites, even though the U.S. has been

  • in space much longer than China.

  • It would seem that the breakthroughs at the China National Space Administration have greatly

  • sped up the military satellite capabilities of the country.

  • The budget for NASA in the United States has been cut year after year, almost immediately

  • after they put the first man on the moon.

  • China's space program on the other hand seems to be getting an influx of money each

  • year from the government.

  • How long until the research and development of China's engineers and space scientists

  • surpass the United States?

  • In space the country with the best technology, and most knowledge of the environment, will

  • be victorious in battle.

  • If the United States continues to fall behind in space exploration, they will not stand

  • a chance in a space war with China.

  • This brings us to our last comparison between the two countries.

  • A comparison that has no winner, instead everyone loses.

  • We are talking about nuclear weapons.

  • As of right now, China has an estimated total of 320 nuclear warheads.

  • This may seem like a lot, but it is nothing compared to the amount of nuclear weapons

  • the United States has stockpiled.

  • The United States has about 6,370 nuclear warheads under its control.

  • 2,000 of those nukes are awaiting to be dismantled and disposed of.

  • However, if nuclear war broke out between China and the United States, neither country

  • would get a chance to use all of their nuclear weapons.

  • The human race would be annihilated long before then.

  • So, it is probably in China's, the United States', and the entire world's best interest

  • that nuclear war never comes.

  • Although the United States has a slight military advantage over China, we can't underestimate

  • how far China's military has come, in a relatively short amount of time.

  • Also, the vast amount of manpower could be enough to allow China to hold out for a long

  • time, slowly depleting the United States' resources.

  • However, the reason we believe that the United States would win a war with China is because

  • of experience.

  • The United States has a lot more military experience than China.

  • This means that the leaders of the military have seen combat, and know what works and

  • what doesn't.

  • The United States has been at war almost perpetually in one form or another since World War II,

  • most recently in the Middle East.

  • Since the beginning of Desert Storm in 1991, the United States has maintained a military

  • presence in the Middle East . In fact, the United States has been fighting in Afghanistan

  • for almost 18 years.

  • This means military personnel and leaders have constantly been gaining skills and experience

  • in the art of war.

  • China on the other hand, has not fought a war in over 40 years.

  • The last war they fought was in 1979 when China invaded Vietnam.

  • Vietnam had just come out of its own civil war, and had gained much experience during

  • that time.

  • The small country was able to humiliate the Chinese military, forcing them out of their

  • country after only three weeks.

  • It seems that experience can outweigh sheer numbers during wartime.

  • It is for this reason that we believe the United States would win a war with China,

  • if it were fought today.

  • However, and some of you may have already seen this coming, if China continues to expand

  • and upgrade their military as they have been doing over recent years, it will not be long

  • before their military strength surpasses the United States.

  • If this happens it is a very real possibility that China would win a war against the United

  • States in the future.

  • Their drive to update their machinery and technology can be seen in their space program,

  • and the expansion of their military.

  • Within the next decade we at The Infographics Show may need to make a new video to re-evaluate

  • this military comparison between China and the United States, with the winner being The

  • People's Liberation Army of China.

  • Now check out China Finds Something Weird on Dark Side of the Moon.

  • Or watch another military comparison with USA vs IRAN: Who Would Win?

  • - Military / Army Comparison 2019.

In the year 2020 the US is still the world's

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China vs United States (USA) - Who Would Win? 2020 Military / Army Comparison

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    Summer posted on 2020/09/12