Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hi, welcome to www.engvid.com . I'm Adam. In today's lesson, I'm going to walk you through a computer setup. Basically, we're going to look at all the different pieces of hardware, all the actual tools that you're going to be using. All the actual equipment that you're going to be using when you're using a computer. Now, the main purpose of this lesson is to help you if you're working in a computer store, if you want to go buy a computer, or if you have a computer and you want to call the technical support department. So, for example, tech support. If you have a problem with your computer and you need to explain to someone, especially over the phone, what's going on, you need to know all the different words for all the different pieces of equipment that you have in order to explain what the problem is. So, we're going to start with the actual hardware, with the actual things. And then we're going to look at different functions for each one of these things that you really need to know. We're going to look at some shortcuts, some functions and things that you can do with them anyway. So, let's start with the actual computer. There are different ways to use a computer. You can use a laptop or a notebook. Essentially, these are the same thing. It used to be - the difference between laptop and notebook was size, but now, anything you can put on your lap or anything that's foldable and you can carry is basically a laptop or a notebook. Okay? These are mobile, as I said. You can carry them with you. You can put them into your bag and take them anywhere you want. And these days, many of them have a touch screen, meaning that you can actually touch the monitor that is on the laptop and do things on it without using your mouse. Okay? Next, we're going to look at a desktop. A desktop is something that you have in your home or office. You don't carry it around with you, it's bigger. It has a tower. The tower is where the actual computer is, where all the - the motherboard is, okay? Laptops and notebooks also have a motherboard. The motherboard is the - it's like a sheet inside the computer that has all the microchips, that has all your memory and all the different functions of the computer. If you don't know anything about computers, do not touch the motherboard. Take it to a professional to fix it for you or to make changes to it, okay? The desktop has a tower, and inside is the motherboard and everything connects to that, including the monitor, the keyboard, the mouse, everything. And then you use it on your desk. On your desk will be nothing but the monitor. The tower is usually underneath your desk. You can also buy an all-in-one. An all-in-one computer is just the monitor, and the computer is built into the monitor. So, there's really nothing else except for the monitor and then you connect everything to that, okay? Speaking of the monitor, the monitor basically is like the TV. This is where you see everything that you're going to be doing on your computer. It is usually measured in inches, so let me just make this a little bit clearer so you don't get confused. Just so you know, one inch is 2.54 centimeters. If you're in North America and you're going to buy a monitor, they will ask you how many inches, like what size of monitor do you want? In other places, it might be by centimeters, so make sure you understand the differences for the monitor that you want. These days, you can get curved monitors. So, you have, like, regular flat monitors, or you can get curved monitors that give you a little bit of a different perspective, a little bit different graphics, okay? You can use a monitor just like you would a TV. In fact, you can use a TV as a monitor for your computer as well. Everything is connected these days. Next, you have your keyboard. This is where you're typing and you're doing a lot of your functions for computing, okay? The traditional keyboard is a QWERTY, meaning that all the letters start at the top row with Q,W,E,R,T and go on like that. That's a QWERTY keyboard, that's the standard keyboard in English, okay? The keyboard has keys. Everything that you press on the keyboard is called the key, that's why it's a board with keys, keyboard. You can get a Chiclet keyboard or a regular keyboard. Chiclets are very thin keys. So, most laptops use chiclet keyboards, but you can buy external keyboards that are thicker or different shapes, sizes, etc. Most keyboards have a number pad. So, you have the numbers at the top row, but you can also have them on the side, so it's a little bit faster to type numbers. And laptops also have a touchpad, which is usually like a square area on the keyboard that you can use as a mouse, if you don't want to use a mouse. Okay, so speaking of mouse, let's talk about the mouse. A mouse is like a little device on the side of the computer that you use to move around and move the cursor around, and I'll talk about the cursor a bit after. The mouse lets you do a lot of the functions without having to type anything. So, you can move pages up and down. You can open different windows. You can press on different programs to open them. They - the mice or the mouse has a right click, a left click, and a scroll button. So, click so the things you do with your fingers, and in the middle is a button to scroll to move pages up and down, okay? Next, if you want to connect to the internet, you're going to need a modem. A modem is basically the phone line or the cable line that connects the computer to the internet. And if you don't want to connect your computer to the internet with a cable, then you need Wi-Fi, okay? And just make sure we understand - I know in some countries they pronounce it a little bit differently. In English, we say "wi-fi", okay? And this is our router, "rou-ter", okay? Not "root-er", "rou-ter" if you need to explain to someone. So, the router basically sends out the internet signal throughout the space it's basically programmed for. And you have Wi-Fi and you can connect all kinds of devices to this, okay? So, you have all kinds of devices. You can have a phone, you can have games, you can have all kinds of different things connected by Wi-Fi. Then you have all your accessories. So, what we've looked at so far, these are the essential pieces of the computer setup, if you want to do computing, if you want to get on the internet. Now, all these extra things are extra. You don't have to have them, but they do make life a bit easier. So, they are called accessories. They're not necessary, they're extra. If you want to listen to things, you can use speakers. You can also plug headphones into the jack. Every computer will come with a jack, that's like a little hole in the computer where you put the little metal tipped wire inside. You plug it into the jack and you can get speakers or you can use your headphones. If you need to print things out, if you have files and you need to print them, you would use a printer. If you have documents that you want to send someone else, then you would use a scanner. A scanner basically takes a picture of the document, creates a file in your computer and then you can send that file to somebody else. Now, if you have to keep a lot of things on - a lot of files or videos or music and you don't have enough memory space on your computer, you can use an external hard disk drive, okay? So basically, this is a little box like this, sometimes it's a little bit bigger. And it has a lot of memory space, and you can put all your files, all your movies, all your music on there and keep it separate from the computer. A lot of computers, they come with a lot of memory these days, but files are getting bigger and bigger and people generally need to use external hard disks as well. Now, if you need to carry files with you from one place to another, but you don't want to carry your external hard disk with all your files, you can just use a thumb drive. Some people call it a thumb drive, some people call it a memory stick. It's basically a small USB component, and we'll talk about USB as well. USB is the plug, so the headphone plugs into a jack. The memory stick or the thumb drive plugs into a USB slot. There are slots, especially in the laptop, they will be on the side. In the tower of the desktop, you will see USB slots. You put your thumb drive in there. Okay. So now, we have all our equipment set up. Now, let's see what you can do with some of these tools specifically. Okay, so now, we're going to look at some of the functions that you can do with your hardware, with your equipment. But just before we get started, this is a very basic list. If you really really want to know how to do a lot of different things with your computer, with your keyboard, with your mouse, etc., make sure you do some more research. This is just to get you started with the basics, okay? So, let's start with shortcuts. These are for the keyboard. You can do a lot of things with the keyboard instead of always using your mouse and clicking and clicking. Sometimes, it's a little bit faster just to use the keyboard. So, we have a control key. This should be on your - probably on your bottom left of your keyboard. There might be another one more in the middle. You can use control + the x key to cut something that you can move somewhere else. Ctrl + C = copy. So, cut and copy are a little bit different. Cut, you're removing it from one place, putting it somewhere else. Copy, you're just leaving it there but putting it somewhere else as well. Ctrl + V = to paste. So, after you cut or copy, you go to the new location. You press Ctrl + V and it puts it there. Ctrl + Z or "zee", depends on where you come from, to undo. So, if you did something and you think "Oh wait, I made a mistake", you can press Ctrl + Z and it will go back to before you made that mistake, and then you can continue from there. And Ctrl + A = to select all. So, if you want to copy a whole page, instead of dragging your mouse all over the place, just press Ctrl + A, everything will be highlighted in blue. Then Ctrl + C, copy. Ctrl + V, paste somewhere else. Now, all of these things are just there to save you time. Computers have made people very fast. Everything has to be very fast, fast, fast. So, be fast. Use these shortcuts, okay? Now, if you're having a problem with your computer and you want to stop a program or you want to stop something from happening, Ctrl + Alt + Delete, all at the same time. You will be given the task manager. Just find that program you want to stop and put "End Task". A little bit easier to understand when you actually see it, but this is a very good shortcut to help you stop something that's happening on your computer. So, that's more or less the keyboard, what you need to know. Otherwise, typing, numbers, calculator, etc. Oh sorry, I should also mention, there's an Fn button at the bottom of your keyboard. This is function. What the "Fn" means is "function". It's usually blue, and there are different keys with blue things on them. If you press Fn + another key with a blue thing, it will do what that is. It could put the computer to sleep. It can restart the computer; it can shut it down. It could be used for other things. You can use function with the arrow keys to raise or lower volume, increase or decrease brightness, etc. Again, just shortcuts. Now, if you want to connect things. The most common way to connect devices is through USB, okay? So, USB is universal serial bus, I believe is what it stands for. You usually have two or three slots on a laptop. You usually have five or six on a desktop. This is where you connect a wired keyboard or a wired mouse, or you can go wireless. If you don't want to connect with cables, cables, you know, if you have too many cables, it makes a bit of a mess. So, you can go to wireless and usually, you're going to use a USB to connect wireless devices and etc. HDMI is another cable that you will usually use to connect your monitor to get better connection, better graphics, etc. And then you have your ethernet cable. If you don't have Wi-Fi, but you do have a modem and you want to connect your computer to the modem, you're going to use an ethernet cable to do that. It looks like a phone cable, like a regular old style phone cable that nobody uses anymore, okay? So, those are the connections. Again, sleep, restart, shut down. This is when you want to stop using the computer but you're going to come back to it soon, put it to sleep. If you're having a problem or you have an update or if you want to fix something and refresh, you do a restart. It means it closes and turns back on right away. Or you can just shut it down. It means close it and leave the computer alone. Now, another function you want to be thinking about is sync. Sync means synchronize; it means make two different things work together like one. So, you can synchronize mobile devices, smartphone, tablet, games, etc. Things like that. So, they work together with the computer.