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  • Hi, welcome to www.engvid.com . I'm Adam.

  • In today's lesson, I'm going to walk you through a computer setup.

  • Basically, we're going to look at all the different pieces of hardware, all the actual

  • tools that you're going to be using.

  • All the actual equipment that you're going to be using when you're using a computer.

  • Now, the main purpose of this lesson is to help you if you're working in a computer store,

  • if you want to go buy a computer, or if you have a computer and you want to call the technical

  • support department.

  • So, for example, tech support.

  • If you have a problem with your computer and you need to explain to someone, especially

  • over the phone, what's going on, you need to know all the different words for all the

  • different pieces of equipment that you have in order to explain what the problem is.

  • So, we're going to start with the actual hardware, with the actual things.

  • And then we're going to look at different functions for each one of these things that

  • you really need to know.

  • We're going to look at some shortcuts, some functions and things that you can do with

  • them anyway.

  • So, let's start with the actual computer.

  • There are different ways to use a computer.

  • You can use a laptop or a notebook.

  • Essentially, these are the same thing.

  • It used to be - the difference between laptop and notebook was size, but now, anything you

  • can put on your lap or anything that's foldable and you can carry is basically a laptop or

  • a notebook.

  • Okay?

  • These are mobile, as I said.

  • You can carry them with you.

  • You can put them into your bag and take them anywhere you want.

  • And these days, many of them have a touch screen, meaning that you can actually touch

  • the monitor that is on the laptop and do things on it without using your mouse.

  • Okay?

  • Next, we're going to look at a desktop.

  • A desktop is something that you have in your home or office.

  • You don't carry it around with you, it's bigger.

  • It has a tower.

  • The tower is where the actual computer is, where all the - the motherboard is, okay?

  • Laptops and notebooks also have a motherboard.

  • The motherboard is the - it's like a sheet inside the computer that has all the microchips,

  • that has all your memory and all the different functions of the computer.

  • If you don't know anything about computers, do not touch the motherboard.

  • Take it to a professional to fix it for you or to make changes to it, okay?

  • The desktop has a tower, and inside is the motherboard and everything connects to that,

  • including the monitor, the keyboard, the mouse, everything.

  • And then you use it on your desk.

  • On your desk will be nothing but the monitor.

  • The tower is usually underneath your desk.

  • You can also buy an all-in-one.

  • An all-in-one computer is just the monitor, and the computer is built into the monitor.

  • So, there's really nothing else except for the monitor and then you connect everything

  • to that, okay?

  • Speaking of the monitor, the monitor basically is like the TV.

  • This is where you see everything that you're going to be doing on your computer.

  • It is usually measured in inches, so let me just make this a little bit clearer so you

  • don't get confused.

  • Just so you know, one inch is 2.54 centimeters.

  • If you're in North America and you're going to buy a monitor, they will ask you how many

  • inches, like what size of monitor do you want?

  • In other places, it might be by centimeters, so make sure you understand the differences

  • for the monitor that you want.

  • These days, you can get curved monitors.

  • So, you have, like, regular flat monitors, or you can get curved monitors that give you

  • a little bit of a different perspective, a little bit different graphics, okay?

  • You can use a monitor just like you would a TV.

  • In fact, you can use a TV as a monitor for your computer as well.

  • Everything is connected these days.

  • Next, you have your keyboard.

  • This is where you're typing and you're doing a lot of your functions for computing, okay?

  • The traditional keyboard is a QWERTY, meaning that all the letters start at the top row

  • with Q,W,E,R,T and go on like that.

  • That's a QWERTY keyboard, that's the standard keyboard in English, okay?

  • The keyboard has keys.

  • Everything that you press on the keyboard is called the key, that's why it's a board

  • with keys, keyboard.

  • You can get a Chiclet keyboard or a regular keyboard.

  • Chiclets are very thin keys.

  • So, most laptops use chiclet keyboards, but you can buy external keyboards that are thicker

  • or different shapes, sizes, etc.

  • Most keyboards have a number pad.

  • So, you have the numbers at the top row, but you can also have them on the side, so it's

  • a little bit faster to type numbers.

  • And laptops also have a touchpad, which is usually like a square area on the keyboard

  • that you can use as a mouse, if you don't want to use a mouse.

  • Okay, so speaking of mouse, let's talk about the mouse.

  • A mouse is like a little device on the side of the computer that you use to move around

  • and move the cursor around, and I'll talk about the cursor a bit after.

  • The mouse lets you do a lot of the functions without having to type anything.

  • So, you can move pages up and down.

  • You can open different windows.

  • You can press on different programs to open them.

  • They - the mice or the mouse has a right click, a left click, and a scroll button.

  • So, click so the things you do with your fingers, and in the middle is a button to scroll to

  • move pages up and down, okay?

  • Next, if you want to connect to the internet, you're going to need a modem.

  • A modem is basically the phone line or the cable line that connects the computer to the

  • internet.

  • And if you don't want to connect your computer to the internet with a cable, then you need

  • Wi-Fi, okay?

  • And just make sure we understand - I know in some countries they pronounce it a little

  • bit differently.

  • In English, we say "wi-fi", okay?

  • And this is our router, "rou-ter", okay?

  • Not "root-er", "rou-ter" if you need to explain to someone.

  • So, the router basically sends out the internet signal throughout the space it's basically

  • programmed for.

  • And you have Wi-Fi and you can connect all kinds of devices to this, okay?

  • So, you have all kinds of devices.

  • You can have a phone, you can have games, you can have all kinds of different things

  • connected by Wi-Fi.

  • Then you have all your accessories.

  • So, what we've looked at so far, these are the essential pieces of the computer setup,

  • if you want to do computing, if you want to get on the internet.

  • Now, all these extra things are extra.

  • You don't have to have them, but they do make life a bit easier.

  • So, they are called accessories.

  • They're not necessary, they're extra.

  • If you want to listen to things, you can use speakers.

  • You can also plug headphones into the jack.

  • Every computer will come with a jack, that's like a little hole in the computer where you

  • put the little metal tipped wire inside.

  • You plug it into the jack and you can get speakers or you can use your headphones.

  • If you need to print things out, if you have files and you need to print them, you would

  • use a printer.

  • If you have documents that you want to send someone else, then you would use a scanner.

  • A scanner basically takes a picture of the document, creates a file in your computer

  • and then you can send that file to somebody else.

  • Now, if you have to keep a lot of things on - a lot of files or videos or music and you

  • don't have enough memory space on your computer, you can use an external hard disk drive, okay?

  • So basically, this is a little box like this, sometimes it's a little bit bigger.

  • And it has a lot of memory space, and you can put all your files, all your movies, all

  • your music on there and keep it separate from the computer.

  • A lot of computers, they come with a lot of memory these days, but files are getting bigger

  • and bigger and people generally need to use external hard disks as well.

  • Now, if you need to carry files with you from one place to another, but you don't want to

  • carry your external hard disk with all your files, you can just use a thumb drive.

  • Some people call it a thumb drive, some people call it a memory stick.

  • It's basically a small USB component, and we'll talk about USB as well.

  • USB is the plug, so the headphone plugs into a jack.

  • The memory stick or the thumb drive plugs into a USB slot.

  • There are slots, especially in the laptop, they will be on the side.

  • In the tower of the desktop, you will see USB slots.

  • You put your thumb drive in there.

  • Okay.

  • So now, we have all our equipment set up.

  • Now, let's see what you can do with some of these tools specifically.

  • Okay, so now, we're going to look at some of the functions that you can do with your

  • hardware, with your equipment.

  • But just before we get started, this is a very basic list.

  • If you really really want to know how to do a lot of different things with your computer,

  • with your keyboard, with your mouse, etc., make sure you do some more research.

  • This is just to get you started with the basics, okay?

  • So, let's start with shortcuts.

  • These are for the keyboard.

  • You can do a lot of things with the keyboard instead of always using your mouse and clicking

  • and clicking.

  • Sometimes, it's a little bit faster just to use the keyboard.

  • So, we have a control key.

  • This should be on your - probably on your bottom left of your keyboard.

  • There might be another one more in the middle.

  • You can use control + the x key to cut something that you can move somewhere else.

  • Ctrl + C = copy.

  • So, cut and copy are a little bit different.

  • Cut, you're removing it from one place, putting it somewhere else.

  • Copy, you're just leaving it there but putting it somewhere else as well.

  • Ctrl + V = to paste.

  • So, after you cut or copy, you go to the new location.

  • You press Ctrl + V and it puts it there.

  • Ctrl + Z or "zee", depends on where you come from, to undo.

  • So, if you did something and you think "Oh wait, I made a mistake", you can press Ctrl

  • + Z and it will go back to before you made that mistake, and then you can continue from

  • there.

  • And Ctrl + A = to select all.

  • So, if you want to copy a whole page, instead of dragging your mouse all over the place,

  • just press Ctrl + A, everything will be highlighted in blue.

  • Then Ctrl + C, copy.

  • Ctrl + V, paste somewhere else.

  • Now, all of these things are just there to save you time.

  • Computers have made people very fast.

  • Everything has to be very fast, fast, fast.

  • So, be fast.

  • Use these shortcuts, okay?

  • Now, if you're having a problem with your computer and you want to stop a program or

  • you want to stop something from happening, Ctrl + Alt + Delete, all at the same time.

  • You will be given the task manager.

  • Just find that program you want to stop and put "End Task".

  • A little bit easier to understand when you actually see it, but this is a very good shortcut

  • to help you stop something that's happening on your computer.

  • So, that's more or less the keyboard, what you need to know.

  • Otherwise, typing, numbers, calculator, etc.

  • Oh sorry, I should also mention, there's an Fn button at the bottom of your keyboard.

  • This is function.

  • What the "Fn" means is "function".

  • It's usually blue, and there are different keys with blue things on them.

  • If you press Fn + another key with a blue thing, it will do what that is.

  • It could put the computer to sleep.

  • It can restart the computer; it can shut it down.

  • It could be used for other things.

  • You can use function with the arrow keys to raise or lower volume, increase or decrease

  • brightness, etc.

  • Again, just shortcuts.

  • Now, if you want to connect things.

  • The most common way to connect devices is through USB, okay?

  • So, USB is universal serial bus, I believe is what it stands for.

  • You usually have two or three slots on a laptop.

  • You usually have five or six on a desktop.

  • This is where you connect a wired keyboard or a wired mouse, or you can go wireless.

  • If you don't want to connect with cables, cables, you know, if you have too many cables,

  • it makes a bit of a mess.

  • So, you can go to wireless and usually, you're going to use a USB to connect wireless devices

  • and etc.

  • HDMI is another cable that you will usually use to connect your monitor to get better

  • connection, better graphics, etc.

  • And then you have your ethernet cable.

  • If you don't have Wi-Fi, but you do have a modem and you want to connect your computer

  • to the modem, you're going to use an ethernet cable to do that.

  • It looks like a phone cable, like a regular old style phone cable that nobody uses anymore,

  • okay?

  • So, those are the connections.

  • Again, sleep, restart, shut down.

  • This is when you want to stop using the computer but you're going to come back to it soon,

  • put it to sleep.

  • If you're having a problem or you have an update or if you want to fix something and

  • refresh, you do a restart.

  • It means it closes and turns back on right away.

  • Or you can just shut it down.

  • It means close it and leave the computer alone.

  • Now, another function you want to be thinking about is sync.

  • Sync means synchronize; it means make two different things work together like one.

  • So, you can synchronize mobile devices, smartphone, tablet, games, etc.

  • Things like that.

  • So, they work together with the computer.