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  • Why the midterms matter, and also a 1970s... hi, James from www.engvid.com . I'm going

  • to teach you a lesson today on also, as well, and too.

  • A lot of students get confused by these three words, because they seem to be able to be

  • used at any time, but there are distinct differences.

  • And what we want to do today - or what I want to do today - is first tell you what each

  • word means, then show you how they can be used, some special cases, and of course, do

  • our test, hahaha.

  • Anyway, let's go to the board.

  • So, E, there is also that, but this as well.

  • Well, Mr. E here is trying to show you how these things are similar.

  • And when we go to the board, you can see that also, too, and as well can be used as "in

  • addition".

  • What that means is when you're using these - okay, these two are adverbs, also and too

  • are adverbs, as well as a phrase.

  • When you're using them, they want to add on information.

  • So, in addition.

  • So, I'm going to tell you something and some more information.

  • Let's go back to the board and we'll look at an example.

  • "I will also have fries with that" means perhaps they said, "I want a hamburger", but they

  • will also, in addition, have French fries.

  • Let's look at the adverb "too".

  • "I will also have fries with that too".

  • Once again, we're adding on information.

  • And if we look at the phrase "as well", "I will have fries with that as well".

  • In addition to the hamburger.

  • All three have almost the same meaning, and that's why a lot of times you see them used

  • interchangeably.

  • One of the reasons we use the different words like this is because in English, we want to

  • have it sound fresh, not boring, not repetitive.

  • You could say too, too, too, too, too, or as well, as well, as well, as well, as well,

  • but after awhile it gets very, very boring and uninteresting.

  • So, that's why you can have three different variations of the same kind of idea as "in

  • addition".

  • Heck, you could even say, "In addition, I'll have fries!"

  • Four different ways of saying it so you don't sound like you're repeating yourself.

  • Cool?

  • But that doesn't help you, and the nature of this video is to show you what is the difference

  • between the three.

  • So, if I just stop there, you're like okay, well thanks, you've done nothing for me, I

  • already knew this.

  • And I'm like, "That's not my job".

  • My job is to make this a little bit more interesting, so let's go down a little bit.

  • I stopped here with the adverb.

  • I'm going to stay with "also" to start with.

  • So, let's look at also.

  • What else is "also" used for?

  • Well, sometimes you want to make something stronger.

  • We can use "also" to put emphasis in a statement.

  • And to do that, we put that at the beginning of the statement.

  • It doesn't go at the end, it goes at the beginning.

  • That's one of the key differences between "also" and the other two.

  • Here's an example: Also, don't forget to get the money.

  • Alright?

  • So, we're saying "also" there, we're putting at the front and saying don't forget to do

  • this.

  • Okay?

  • There's another thing about "also" that you have to know how it's fixed with other verbs.

  • So, what I've done is I've tried to give you a little bit of a visual to help you remember.

  • The simple thing to remember is "also" usually comes before a verb, a simple verb, right?

  • So, if you say something like, not in the case of emphasis, of course.

  • But if you say, "I also go to the gym."

  • That's it, it's easy, I also go to the gym, it will go before "go".

  • But let's just say you have either an auxiliary verb, and when I say auxiliary I mean in this

  • case, a modal verb, the present perfect, or the verb "to be".

  • I want you to think of it in a sandwich form, and if you say, "What do you mean by that?"

  • Well, "also" doesn't start - remember here, I said it's before the single verb?

  • Well, we have to kind of change it a little bit.

  • When we have an auxiliary verb being used, we have the auxiliary verb first, so "have"

  • or the verb "to be" or "could", whatever modal verb you want to use.

  • Then we put "also", and then we end with the other verb.

  • Want an example?

  • "I have also been to Austria three times."

  • I have - present perfect.

  • Also - right there.

  • Being - that's the past, sorry, past participle, to Austria three times, okay?

  • Let's use a modal verb.

  • "I could also go to the store."

  • I could - modal verb.

  • That's the auxiliary.

  • Also - in between - "go to the store" verb in the base, right?

  • I also have five cars.

  • So - I'm sorry.

  • I'm also driving - I'm also going in his car.

  • So "I'm" - verb "to be" would be first - "also", then verb following up after.

  • Cool?

  • Alright.

  • So, I think I've given a clear idea what "also" is.

  • So, let's look at the other two and see.

  • Basically, keep in mind that with "also", it's more about "in addition", right?

  • With the added bonus or benefit of it can be used for emphasis.

  • Let's look at "too".

  • "Too" is an adverb.

  • Yes, it means "in addition", but it also has a couple of other meanings.

  • One of them means "to a higher degree or a greater degree than desirable".

  • Very, right?

  • So, what do we mean by that?

  • Or you can say excessive, which means too much.

  • "You're working too much."

  • It's more than you want, it's to a greater degree, it's excessive.

  • It's more than I like.

  • A second meaning is to make a strong point.

  • So, similar to emphasis here, right?

  • "Not only is he good looking, he's nice, too!"

  • It makes it stronger.

  • But you'll notice that the "too" is at the end of the sentence, as opposed to when we

  • talked about "also".

  • I said you have to put at the beginning for emphasis.

  • You can also use "too" as a response, okay?

  • You can use "too" as a response.

  • What do you mean by you can use "too" as a response?

  • Has anyone ever said to you, "Have a nice day?"

  • Or you say "Have a nice day!" and they respond to you not, "You have a nice day", they say,

  • "You too".

  • It's a response to "Have a nice day".

  • That's the one that's most common.

  • But it also can be a surprise response, like if someone said, "I have crabs", and you go,

  • "You too?

  • You have crabs?"

  • It means "I also have".

  • Some of you will wonder what crabs are.

  • That's what YouTube is for, and Google.

  • Go check it out, okay?

  • So, if someone says, "I have crabs."

  • "You too?"

  • It's a surprise to what you said, but if someone says, "Hey, have a great day", you go "You

  • too".

  • "Good luck!"

  • "You too!"

  • A response as in I want you to have that same experience as well, okay?

  • Alright.

  • Now, I want to go over to the third one, which is "as well".

  • "As well" is a phrase, it's not an adverb, literally it's not a single word, it's a phrase.

  • It's a phrase from well, "as well".

  • We talked about it being in addition, so it means added information.

  • But it also can mean "with equal reason or equally good result".

  • Which means whatever happens, it will be equal to what we do.

  • So, here's an example to make it easy, "We might as well go home.

  • The game is finished."

  • Well, the result's going to be the same.

  • If we stay there, nothing is going to happen, because the game is finished.

  • If we go home, there won't be any more game, the game is finished.

  • The result is the same, okay?

  • So, I know the definition.

  • I'm a very firm believer in giving a definition then giving an example, because when you give

  • the example first, this, sometimes you go, "Oh, it's about games!" and like, it can be

  • used a lot of times, like, "We might as well go to bed, there's no power."

  • We might as well, like, the result's the same.

  • There's no power, it's dark, you can't see.

  • So, staying up, you can't see.

  • If you go to bed, you can't see.

  • Go to bed.

  • The same, equal result.

  • Definition seems confusing, but I would also say to people, give the definition then give

  • the example.

  • You only need two or three.

  • If you give the example, you need to give a thousand for someone to go, "Okay, it's

  • not just for this."

  • Alright?

  • So, the result will be the same, regardless.

  • Alright?

  • Now, you can use emphasis for using - for both "too" and "as well".

  • I know I said with "also".

  • I did "also" first because "also" you put at the beginning of the sentence.

  • When we use it for emphasis here, we usually put it at the end of the sentence for "too"

  • and "as well", and that's one of the key differences.

  • Placement of where you want it for to give the emphasis.

  • So, let's give an example.

  • So, emphasis here.

  • "Pick up your clothes and clean your room too", right?

  • I usually would have said "as well", but I didn't have enough room on the board, so I

  • had to put both.

  • Either one could be used here.

  • But what it means is it's to make it stronger.

  • Maybe I'm angry and I've got a kid and my kid has put their socks on the floor and their

  • underwear and I'm like "Pick up your clothes, and clean your room as well!"

  • I want you to do both things, okay?

  • I'm not happy.

  • So, it's not just in addition.

  • I'm not happy, that's the emphasis.

  • If you said, "Pick up your clothes and clean your room also", you'd be like, "Okay...

  • I thought you were angry, but it's like you just remember I've got to clean my room, no

  • problem."

  • This way, there's no - in English, how we use it, there's no confusion.

  • I'm not happy and I want you to know it.

  • Or I'm making this point stronger, yeah?

  • I could say, another example for emphasis, "I'm proud of your behavior and your brother's,

  • too", or "your brother's, as well", and I'm kind of putting that emphasis like, I'm not

  • just saying one is better, I'm making them both equal but both strong.

  • Cool?

  • You like that?

  • You got it?

  • Don't forget the sandwich method for "also", because I'm about to skip and you know what

  • happens when I snap my fingers, we go to la-la land where tests come up, bonus material and

  • homework.

  • Are you ready?

  • Let's do it.

  • Okay, so we worked on "also", "as well", and "too".

  • You noted the difference that "also" goes at the beginning of a sentence for emphasis,

  • while "too" and "as well" goes at the end, okay.

  • And we talked about the differences for excessive and whatnot.

  • So, I'm not going to go over that, because you can just press rewind and watch it, but

  • we're going to go to the board and look at what we can change in this particular story

  • to use the new words we've got.

  • And I'll talk about our bonus section, alright?

  • And we'll do our homework.

  • So, Mr. E ordered a hamburger and French fries - French fries, fries, whatever, fries for

  • lunch.

  • I ordered the same meal that he ordered.

  • I asked Josh - sorry, I asked if Josh was coming to join us at lunch.

  • He said yes, and on top of that, Daniel would join us.

  • We should be sensible and get a table for four.

  • I said we should change the restaurant because it was excessively expensive.

  • There's actually almost nothing really wrong with this, it's just boring as all hell, and

  • you just learned something, so why don't we use it?

  • Okay, so Mr. E ordered a hamburger for - and fries for lunch.

  • That's okay.

  • I ordered the same meal that he ordered.

  • I think we can work on that, and we can change this part here - here, around here, we can

  • change this, right?

  • Next, I asked if Josh was coming to join us at lunch.

  • I think we change this as well.

  • Alright?

  • He said yes, and on top of that - we're going to change that - we should be sensible - sensible,

  • and I put a star here because I haven't actually talked to you about that one, but it's on

  • this side of the board.

  • And that one goes with this one as well.

  • There are two that I'm going to teach you later, but you're going to see how it can

  • be used from the three words we used.

  • We should get a table for four.

  • I said we should change the restaurant because it was - and I'm going to use this one here.

  • That gives us one, two, three, four, five areas we can change.

  • Now, let's look at why we can change them and maybe what we can change them to.

  • Mr. E ordered a hamburger and I ordered the same, well the key here is "same", right?

  • Same that they did, so I might say that's an "in addition", right?

  • And if someone was coming to join us, or with us, right, coming to join us?