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  • Duh duh duh, duh duh duh, duh duh duh, I'm hunting for a job, duh duh duh duh duh.

  • Job hunting.

  • Welcome, my name's Ronnie.

  • I'm going to teach you some things about getting a job in Canada, North America.

  • Hopefully you get a job.

  • Good luck.

  • But there are some things that you need to know before you get your wonderful job, and

  • I'm not talking about anything to do with visas or work permits.

  • I'm just teaching you vocabulary, things you need to do.

  • So, this lesson's called "Job hunting".

  • Job hunting means you look for a job, and it's like a hunt, because you have to source

  • out the best company for you and make sure that they're actually going to pay you for

  • what you're worth and that you actually maybe like your job.

  • One thing to be conscious about, especially if you speak Spanish, especially Mexican,

  • "career".

  • So, as I understand in Spanish, in Mexican Spanish, I don't know if it's Spain as well,

  • a career is what you study at a university.

  • Nuh-nuh.

  • In English, your career means your job.

  • For example, my career is that I am an English teacher.

  • How did that happen?

  • Career does not mean what I studied in university or college.

  • What I studied in university or college is called my major.

  • So please, please, please be careful.

  • Your carab - your corab, carab - your career means your job.

  • What you studied at university is called a major.

  • So, I could say to you "What is", or "what was your major?"

  • If I say, "What is your career?" it means "What is your job?"

  • Another thing that can get very confusing is the word "job" itself.

  • Job is a noun, so we use it like this.

  • I have a job.

  • Or, I don't have a job.

  • What is your job?

  • We do not say "What is your work?", okay?

  • Work we can use as a verb and a noun, but we're talking about job as a noun.

  • I have to go to my job, okay.

  • No problem with that.

  • But, most of the time, we have to be careful with job and work.

  • Be careful.

  • You're not going to die if you say it wrong, but this is something to watch out for.

  • So, the first thing that you need to do is you need to do some work.

  • You need to prepare or make what is called a resume.

  • So, we steal this word from French.

  • Thank you, French people out there, and we probably say it terribly wrong.

  • It's also called a CV.

  • This is a Latin word for it, CV or resume.

  • In Canada and in America, we call it a resume.

  • In the UK and in different parts around the world, they're going to call it a CV.

  • Same thing.

  • The other thing that is very useful for people, I don't know why, is that's called a cover

  • letter.

  • So, you have your resume, your resume will explain your work experience, your education,

  • you do not need to put a picture of yourself on a resume in Canada and America.

  • I know some countries you do, Japan, Korea.

  • You do not need to put a picture.

  • Don't put a picture, okay?

  • So, you don't have to worry about getting yourself right and all the filters and apps,

  • because you use them a lot.

  • So, on your cover letter, you need to basically introduce yourself to the company, and you

  • need to sell yourself.

  • You need to say "I am the most fantastic hamburger maker in the world, you need to hire me now!

  • If you don't hire me, you're going to regret it."

  • You can tailor your cover letter and your resume, depending on which job you are applying

  • for.

  • So, tailor means you change it, or you alter it, so that it's very good.

  • For example, let's say that you work in a restaurant as a server, but you also work

  • as a bookkeeper, or you do something at a desk job.

  • If you're going to apply for a restaurant job, you do not include your background work

  • in an office.

  • So, what you're going to do is you're going to only include what's relevant for the job

  • you're applying for.

  • If I'm applying for a job as an airplane pilot, they don't need to know what I'm an English

  • teacher, so you need to be sure that your resume and your cover letter targets or tailors

  • the job you're looking for.

  • You can change it; you can leave stuff out.

  • It doesn't matter, as long as you're direct and to the point.

  • If the company likes your resume and your beautiful cover letter, you might have to

  • do what's called a preliminary interview.

  • So, preliminary means before, so this can be on the phone or it can be online.

  • Usually, you don't actually go to the job place, depending on the job, but you will

  • have some kind of preliminary interview.

  • What they're doing is they're just checking that you're alive, they have the right contact

  • information, you can speak, and they can do what's called weed people out.

  • Weed, hello.

  • If you weed someone out, it means that you take out the bad people right away.

  • So, they weed people out.

  • So, if they call you many times, you don't answer or you're not articulate enough to

  • answer their questions or they don't like you for some reason, they don't waste their

  • time, they don't waste your time of having another interview.

  • So, the preliminary interview, it's very important.

  • It's the first chance that they talk to you or they see you online.

  • So, be neat.

  • Take a shower, brush your teeth and be nice to people.

  • If you need job interview tips, I've done a lesson on that as well, it'll help you answer

  • those annoying questions that they ask you.

  • And once you've passed the preliminary interview, they call you again.

  • Why are you calling me?

  • And they give you another interview.

  • Now, this could be one interview.

  • So, you're going to go to the interview and they're going to ask you more questions.

  • If they like you, maybe they will give you another interview.

  • This is okay, don't worry, if you pass the first interview and they give you a second

  • interview, this is good.

  • You might be nervous, don't worry.

  • It's good if you get a second interview.

  • If you get a preliminary interview and nothing else?

  • Done, new job search.

  • But interviews are important, and this is where many people become very, very, very

  • nervous.

  • Hey, relax.

  • It is just another human asking you questions.

  • So, tips for this: Don't be afraid.

  • It's just a person.

  • You can't think of this person like "Oh my god, they're a boss or a CEO of a company!"

  • Nah nah nah, these are just humans, so they are going to ask you questions.

  • Don't be afraid to be yourself.

  • Please make sure that you smell good, you dress well, but don't be someone else.

  • Don't try and be someone you're not, because in the end, if it's not suited for you and

  • you don't like the job, you've wasted your time.

  • So, don't try to hide who you are.

  • Exert your personality.

  • Ask questions.

  • They're asking you questions.

  • Guess what?

  • You can ask them questions.

  • Try to get more money.

  • So, they say "What do you know about this company?"

  • Okay, so you've researched the company, you want to ask some questions.

  • How much money are you going to pay me to do this job?

  • Ask them right away.

  • Why waste your time?

  • You are a valuable person.

  • Don't let a company pay you the least amount of money they can.

  • Get more money, hello!

  • Ask questions about the company.

  • Ask about the hours, ask about benefits, ask anything that you want that will help you

  • determine if you want the job, okay?

  • They will always give you the lowest salary or the lowest amount that they can.

  • So, if you go for an interview and they say, "We'll give you 12 dollars an hour."

  • Well, you can bargain with them and say "You know, I've been doing this for a long time.

  • I'm not - I don't think 12 dollars an hour is fair.

  • How about 14?"

  • Wow!

  • You can bargain with them.

  • Maybe you're going to arrive at 13.

  • So, there's always a chance - a chance - to get more money than they're offering you.

  • Another thing you can talk about is benefits.

  • Benefits are things like dental insurance or prescriptions, extra things that, in Canada

  • at least, our healthcare system doesn't cover.

  • America is different, I don't know other countries.

  • So, you can bargain.

  • You can say "Well okay, if you're not going to give me more money, how about give me benefits?"

  • Companies don't like this, because they don't like to give people money.

  • Companies don't like to pay people what they're worth.

  • You have to fight for this, and the more you fight, the better you appear in most cases.

  • So, you've done a good job of negotiating, they like you, you didn't say bad words in

  • the job interview, I've done that, and they hire you!

  • You get what's called "hired".

  • So, maybe they call you or they send you an email and said, "You got the job!"

  • Woo-hoo, or "You got the position.", okay?

  • This is called "hired".

  • I was hired, or I am hired.

  • This is a very good thing.

  • Most places will want you to sign a contract.

  • Not scary.

  • A contract is just that you agree to their rules and you're not going to bad things at

  • your work, your boss signs, you sign it, you date it, official.

  • Read this, though, okay?

  • Make sure there's nothing on the contact that you don't like, or if there's something you

  • want to add, tell them.

  • For example, I will not be photographed at my job.

  • I don't like having my picture taken, you will not photograph me.

  • Sign it, good.

  • Nothing they can do.

  • So, whatever you want, you ask them for.

  • If you don't ask, you don't get it, okay?

  • So be smart.

  • Uh-oh.

  • You might hear someone say, "I lost my job".

  • You lost it, where did it go?

  • You just went there yesterday and it was there.

  • No.

  • If you lost your job, this means that maybe you were fired.

  • I don't know why we say "fired", fire, ah!

  • So, if you were fired, it means that your boss said to you "Hey, guess what Ronnie,

  • you can't work here anymore."

  • It might be a shock to you.

  • Oh, okay, fine, good.

  • Don't try to bargain with people, just leave, okay?

  • If they don't like you?

  • Alright.

  • You could also - get called, "laid off".

  • So, laid off is similar to fired.

  • It depends on the words they use.

  • Laid off basically means they don't have enough hours or time for you to work, and there is

  • a kind of idea that maybe, when they have enough hours for you to work, they will hire

  • you back.

  • "Fired" means you lose your job completely.

  • There is no coming back, I'm sorry, bye-bye, door is closed.

  • "Laid off" just means we don't have work available for you now, maybe in the future, if we still

  • like you, you can have your job back.

  • These two are bad, most of the time.

  • There's one thing you can do if you don't like your job is you can quit.

  • Now, the difference is if you quit your job, it means that you make the decision to leave.

  • You say "Boss, hey, thank you for working here, thank you for giving me this job, but

  • I don't want it anymore, thank you.

  • Bye-bye."

  • So, if you quit, you tell your boss you don't want to work anymore.

  • If you are fired, they tell you "We don't want you to work here anymore."

  • So, fired is the boss' choice and quit is your choice.

  • So, if you don't like your job, quit.

  • Don't put up with people you don't like.

  • Be careful.

  • If you are fired or laid off from your job, we have rules and laws in Canada that a lot

  • of people don't know about, and your boss will not tell you this.

  • Why?

  • Because they don't want to pay you.

  • We have this thing called two weeks termination pay.

  • Example: You go to work on Friday and your boss says, "You know what, we don't want you

  • to come in on Monday, you are fired."

  • Okay, perfect.

  • What you are legally entitled to is two weeks termination pay.

  • That means you will be paid by this company for two weeks of work.

  • You have choice, you can work the two weeks - don't do that - or you can not go to work

  • on Monday, they will pay you for two weeks.

  • Now, this is in Canada.

  • Let me stress that.

  • I don't know about the other rules in other countries, so this is in Canada.

  • We have another wonderful thing called vacation pay.

  • Now, a lot of companies don't pay you this either, and you have to ask for it.

  • Vacation pay is a percentage of your salary or of your wages, your money, and if you're

  • fired or terminated from your job, they must pay you your vacation pay.

  • Again, you have to ask, because they're not just going to volunteer to give you $600 if

  • they don't have to.

  • You have to be aware of your rights as a worker.

  • In Canada, we have a labor board, and they will help you with things like this, but please

  • check it out.

  • Don't let anyone steal your money that's rightfully owed to you, because businesses love to do

  • this.