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  • Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com.

  • I'm Adam.

  • In today's lesson we're going to look at phrasal verbs using the verb "step".

  • Now, first of all, what you need to understand, again, phrasal verbs are verbs plus prepositions

  • that have different meanings.

  • And the verb "step" is a bit tricky because we use "step" as a noun as well, and we often

  • combine it with prepositions, and the preposition and noun combination can be completely different

  • from the verb and preposition combination.

  • So we're going to look...

  • Have to look at both of these when we look at these combinations with prepositions.

  • So we're going to look at: "step down", "step up", "step in", "step inside", "step around",

  • "step out", "step on", "step back", "step aside", "step forward".

  • Let's start with "down".

  • So, "step down".

  • So, before I start with any of them, what is "step"?

  • So a step is when you take your one foot forward.

  • Right?

  • You're taking one step.

  • Or if you're climbing the stairs, you take one, two, three steps, four steps, five steps.

  • It's one foot in front of the other.

  • That's the basic meaning of "step".

  • "Step down".

  • So, of course, I can step down off the table if I'm standing on a table or whatever.

  • There's always the literal meaning, but "step down" can also mean resign.

  • Okay?

  • Resign means quit.

  • So, for example, if I'm the president of the company and I think that the company is not

  • doing very well and everybody's very angry because the company's not doing well, they

  • want to get somebody new as the president in my position.

  • Finally I say: "Okay, you know what?

  • I will step down and let the new guy come in."

  • Now, we're going to see that again in "step aside", but "step down" basically means resign,

  • give up the position.

  • Now, if we're looking at the verb: "a step down".

  • If we're looking at this as a...

  • Sorry. As a noun, not a verb, "a step down" means a lower position, or a lower value,

  • or a lower rank.

  • Okay?

  • So right now I live in a five-bedroom house, it's a very big house, very, very expensive,

  • but my financial situation is not so good, so I had to sell that house and buy a two-bedroom

  • condominium.

  • Now, for many people a two-bedroom condominium is very nice, but for somebody who has had

  • a five-bedroom house, a condominium is a step down in position, in stature, etc.

  • Right?

  • So a step down means a lower level or a lower rank.

  • "To step down", "to resign", okay.

  • Now, "step up" same idea.

  • If we're looking at the noun, "a step up" is the opposite, it's an increase in position.

  • So I went from my two-bedroom condominium to a three-bedroom house.

  • That's a big step up in terms of social situations, social rank, depending on who you ask of course.

  • But "to step up", okay?

  • As a verb.

  • "To step up" means to face the challenge.

  • Of course, it literal means to step up.

  • Okay?

  • But to step up to the challenge means somebody has to come forward, show the courage, and

  • do what is needed to overcome an obstacle or to overcome a challenge.

  • So think about sports.

  • Okay?

  • You have your favourite team and they're in the playoffs and they're losing, so you...

  • All the people say: "Well, the star players, the best players need to step up."

  • They need to, like, show up, be courageous, face the challenge and do what is necessary

  • to win.

  • Okay?

  • So, "to step up".

  • Now, another expression we have...

  • This is a very common expression: "Step up to the plate".

  • Now, "the plate" comes from baseball.

  • Okay?

  • You... The batter comes in, there's the home plate and there's the pitcher, you step up to the

  • plate and you're ready to hit the ball.

  • Right?

  • So if we say somebody needs to step up to the plate that means somebody needs to face

  • the challenge, face the difficult situation and take care of it basically.

  • Okay, "step up".

  • Okay.

  • "Step in", now, again, I can step in a room.

  • Just one step.

  • I'm not moving all the way in.

  • I'm just taking one step, that's the literal meaning.

  • To...

  • The other meaning is to get involved.

  • Okay?

  • So I see my brother and sister, they're both fighting and they're not stopping, and I say:

  • "Stop, stop", and nobody's stopping so finally I have to step in, I have to get involved,

  • I have to separate them.

  • So, if somebody needs to step in they need to get involved, or they need to interfere,

  • or they need to stop something from happening.

  • They need to be part of the situation.

  • Now, "step inside" also means step inside, but why wouldn't somebody say: "Go inside"

  • or "Come inside"?

  • When we say "step inside" all we want to do is emphasize that movement indoor, into someplace.

  • Okay?

  • So I'm a very big boss and I say...

  • And you want to do business with me, and I said: "Step inside my office."

  • It basically means come in, but it's more emphasis.

  • I want to show you how big I am, how powerful I am.

  • "Step inside my office. Let's talk."

  • Right? It's a bit more emphasis, that's all it is.

  • Okay.

  • "Step around", now, let's say I'm a reporter and you're a politician, and I ask you a very

  • difficult question and you don't really want to answer it...

  • Answer it, so you step around the question.

  • You step around the issue, means you avoid answering it directly.

  • Another way we...

  • We sometimes hear it is "dance around".

  • Or you'll hear "step around" or "dance around the issue".

  • This is very common with politicians who don't like to answer questions directly.

  • In fact, they don't like direct answer...

  • Questions, so they just step around the question and talk about something completely different.

  • "Step out", that basically means go out.

  • Okay?

  • So I'm at the office and I say to my co-worker: "I'm just going to step out for a minute."

  • Basically just go out for a short time and then I'm coming back.

  • Okay?

  • "Step out" can also...

  • We also have an expression: "Step out of... Step out of line".

  • What does "step out of line" mean?

  • Means basically not following the rules, not doing what everybody else is doing.

  • So if you step out of line, means you did something wrong or you're doing something

  • too independent and the people around you might not be too happy.

  • Those people around you are all in line and you're stepping out of that line and doing

  • your own thing.

  • You're not following the rules.

  • Okay?

  • "Step out".

  • So, "step on".

  • Again, you can step on something.

  • If there's a bug and you don't like it, you just step on it and it's dead, no problem.

  • But you can also step on something.

  • So, if you step on something, means you're applying pressure.

  • You're applying pressure or you're increasing whatever the situation is. Right?

  • So, this person is not doing his work so I tell the manager...

  • I'm the big boss of the company, this is a worker, I say to the manager:

  • "Step on him. Get him to work harder."

  • Okay? Just apply more pressure.

  • Now, you can step on someone's toes.

  • If you step on someone's toes, a little bit you're offending them.

  • Okay?

  • So I'm the new guy in the office, and I...

  • Everybody has been there a long time, everybody has their way of doing things.

  • I'm the new manager.

  • So for the first few weeks I don't want to step on anyone's toes.

  • I'm not going to tell people what to do.

  • I'm just going to watch how they work, take notes, and slowly start making the changes

  • that I want to make.

  • Because if I go right away:

  • "Okay, you need to do this differently, you need to do this differently",

  • I will just be stepping on their toes.

  • They will feel offended like I'm walking all over their toes, and it's a little bit painful

  • and not so comfortable.

  • Now, "step on the gas".

  • "Step on the gas" means, again, increase the pressure.

  • Or if you're thinking about a car, there's the gas pedal, "step on the gas" means go faster.

  • Okay.

  • And more common expression: "Step on it".

  • "Come on, step on it. We have to go.

  • Hurry.

  • Hurry. Let's go, let's go."

  • Or: "Step on it."

  • A very common expression when you want someone to hurry up.

  • Okay.

  • "Step back", so there's "step back", "step forward", which we're going to talk about

  • in a second.

  • That's the literal meaning.

  • But sometimes you want to just step back, where you have a certain situation.

  • You're not really sure you understand a situation, you want to get a better idea of what's going

  • on, so you just step back, you get a broader perspective, you get a different view.

  • Okay?

  • So if you take a step back you can have a different view, and then you can come back

  • and take care of it.

  • Now, another way to say...

  • To talk about "step back", when you're making progress.

  • If you're making progress you're going forward.

  • Right? You're progressing.

  • But sometimes there's a little problem and then you have a step back.

  • So sometimes you'll hear the expression: "One step forward, two steps back."

  • It means you're having a very difficult time progressing with whatever the situation is.

  • If you're a scientists and...

  • Scientist and you're trying to discover the cure for cancer...

  • Okay?

  • So you found something really, really good, a new chemical or a new pill that can really

  • help, so you apply it, but then you realize that the side effect of this chemical is that

  • the person gets a different disease, a worse disease.

  • Okay?

  • So yeah, you've gone forward a little bit, but you've actually gone back twice as much

  • because you have a bigger problem to deal with now.

  • Okay?

  • "Step aside".

  • So, step aside, step aside.

  • So, literal means move to the side.

  • But "step aside..."

  • Remember I said "step down" to resign?

  • "Step aside" is similar.

  • It doesn't necessarily mean resign, but it means get out of the way.

  • So, again, you can get out of the way so somebody can pass or you can get out of the way so

  • somebody can take your spot.

  • So, for example, in the elections you have two people running for the same party.

  • Near the end of the primary season, near the end of the campaign there's one candidate

  • or one nominee who's clearly ahead.

  • So instead of fighting each other and not fighting the other party's person, you...

  • One... The leader will say to the other person:

  • "You know, just step aside, let me have it, and we can fight the real enemy, not each other."

  • So, "step aside", make way, get out of the way.

  • "Step forward".

  • So, again, I can step forward, I can step back.

  • But "step forward" also means to volunteer or to admit, or to take responsibility, depending

  • how you're looking at it.

  • So, for example, anybody who's interested in helping out the poor kids in this country,

  • please step forward.

  • Basically make yourself known that you want to volunteer, you want to help.

  • Or: "Okay, I know one of you created all this mess and one of you is the cause of all this

  • problem.

  • Will the guilty party please step forward?"

  • It means admit that you did it.

  • Here's a line of people all accused, I want the one person who is responsible to take

  • responsibility, to step forward and say:

  • "It was me. I did it."

  • Okay?

  • So: "Step forward."

  • So, there we go.

  • Sorry, I forgot about "step back", so you can also use that as a noun.

  • It's: "a step back" meaning the same, like the opposite of progress.

  • Okay, sorry.

  • So, there we go.

  • If you have any questions about any of these phrasal verbs,

  • you can of course ask me on www.engvid.com.

  • Don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel if you like this video.

  • I'll be very happy to have your...

  • Have you with me.

  • There's also a quiz on www.engvid.com.

  • If you'd like to practice these new words you learned, go there, practice as you will.

  • And I'll see you again real soon.

  • Bye-bye.

Hi. Welcome back to www.engvid.com.

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10 "STEP" Phrasal Verbs in English: step up, step down, step in...

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    Summer posted on 2020/07/30
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