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  • So am I in the tree, on the tree,

  • at the tree or by the tree?

  • Those four prepositions when you are learning English

  • can be extremely difficult and very hard to understand.

  • So in this English lesson,

  • I'll try to make it all crystal clear for you.

  • I'll try to make it as easy

  • for you to understand as possible.

  • (calm music)

  • Well, hey, welcome to this English lesson

  • about the prepositions in, at, by and on

  • and I'll even talk about the preposition under

  • every once in a while if it makes sense.

  • Before we get started though,

  • don't forget to click that red Subscribe button

  • if you are new here and give me a thumbs up

  • if this video helps you learn

  • just a little bit more English.

  • So you saw that I was in a tree.

  • When we talk about a place like a tree

  • and when I'm talking about myself,

  • let's actually imagine for this lesson

  • that we're always meeting someone somewhere.

  • So let's say in this first example,

  • we are going to meet by a tree.

  • So let's look at how we would use

  • each of those prepositions.

  • If I said to you, I'd like to meet you in a tree,

  • it would literally mean that I would climb a tree

  • and I would be in the tree, okay?

  • So if I said to you, hey,

  • can you meet me tomorrow in the tree by the house,

  • it would literally mean that we are going to climb the tree

  • and we are going to meet each other in the tree

  • just like you can see

  • that I am up in a tree in the video beside me.

  • So we don't use the word in a tree very often

  • unless you're a kid.

  • If I say that I would like to meet you

  • at the tree by the house or by the tree by the house,

  • those mean the same thing in this case, okay?

  • So if I say, hey, let's meet by the tree

  • or let's meet at the tree, we might be under the tree,

  • we might be close to the tree,

  • we might be in the shade, we might be out of the shade

  • but we're generally just meeting somewhere

  • close to the tree.

  • So if I say, hey, let's meet by the tree

  • or let's meet at the tree, that's what I mean.

  • We would never say let's meet on the tree.

  • If we were to meet on a tree,

  • we would literally be way up high

  • on the very top of the tree.

  • The only example I can think of

  • of using the preposition on when talking about a tree

  • is that we might put something on a tree.

  • You might put a sign on a tree for instance.

  • So we definitely wouldn't meet on a tree but again,

  • if we meet in a tree, we are literally in it.

  • If we meet by or at the tree, we are close to it.

  • We might be in the shade, we might not be

  • and we would not say ever that we are on a tree

  • but we might put something on a tree.

  • Of course, this is one of the times

  • we can use the preposition under.

  • We might meet under the tree

  • and often that might be the one you use the most

  • especially during hot weather.

  • Hey, I'll meet you under the tree by the house

  • because then we can talk while we stand in the shade.

  • So let's imagine you're at the mall

  • and you're shopping with someone but you're done shopping.

  • So you decide that you are going to go to the van

  • or to the car.

  • You can tell the person where you're gonna meet them

  • in a number of ways.

  • If I was shopping with Jen, I could say,

  • hey, I'm done shopping, I'm going to go to the van

  • and I'm gonna wait in the van for you.

  • That would mean I'm actually in the van, okay?

  • If I say, I'm going to wait in the van,

  • I would be sitting in the van.

  • I would probably be checking my watch once in a while

  • and wondering just how much longer Jen is going to shop for.

  • If I say I'm going to wait at the van or by the van,

  • that would mean I'm not inside if I use the word by.

  • If I use the word at, I might be outside the van

  • but I might be inside the van.

  • So if I say to Jen, hey, I'll wait for you by the van,

  • I will be standing outside of it.

  • If I say to Jen, I'll wait for you at the van.

  • I'll be standing outside of it

  • or I could actually be sitting inside of it

  • and then I probably would never say to Jen

  • I'll meet you on the van.

  • If I was on the van, I would physically be on top of my van

  • which I don't do very often.

  • I think I've only done it once in my life

  • and I think you're seeing the video of it right now.

  • So once again, if I say to Jen, I'll meet you in the van,

  • it means I will be sitting in the van waiting for her.

  • If I say, I will meet you at the van,

  • I might be outside the van, I might be inside of it.

  • If I say, I will meet you by the van,

  • I will definitely be outside the van

  • and if I say, I'll meet you on the van,

  • yeah, that would be strange but it would mean

  • I would be sitting or laying on top of the van

  • and then I would never say

  • anything like I'll meet you under the van

  • because first of all, I don't fit

  • and it's kind of dark and scary down there, don't you think?

  • For this next example,

  • you'll need to imagine this building behind me is a store.

  • When we say that we will meet someone in a store,

  • it means that we were actually inside the store.

  • We've come up to the front of the store,

  • we have gone through the doorway and we are in the store.

  • So if I say to Jen, hey,

  • I know you're not done shopping in this store,

  • I'm going to go to the next store

  • and I will meet you in the store,

  • that means when she comes to that store,

  • I will be inside shopping.

  • If I say, I will meet her at the store,

  • I might be waiting for her outside the store,

  • I might be waiting for her inside the store.

  • When you say that you are at a store,

  • it can mean that you are simply out front

  • or that you are inside.

  • When you buy something,

  • you could say that you got it at a certain store, okay?

  • So you could say, hey, the other day I was shopping

  • and I bought a T-shirt at Walmart.

  • Excellent use of the preposition at

  • but when you say you're going to meet someone,

  • you could say that you're going to meet them at the store

  • and you're either inside or outside.

  • If I said, Jen, I will meet you by the store,

  • that means I would be outside the store,

  • probably right outside the front entrance waiting for her.

  • So and then again, you would never meet someone on a store

  • because if you met someone on a store,

  • it would mean that you're way up there on the roof.

  • Maybe that's where you meet when you go to a store.

  • Maybe they have certain things on the roof.

  • In Canada, you generally don't go on the roof of a store.

  • So you would never meet someone on a store.

  • So again, let me review.

  • When you meet someone in a store, you are inside it.

  • When you meet someone at a store,

  • you might be outside the store but you might be in the store

  • but you're definitely close to the store.

  • You're either close to it or you're in it.

  • When you meet someone by a store,

  • you're right out front usually.

  • So if I said to Jen, I'll meet you by Walmart,

  • it would mean that I would go to the entrance of Walmart

  • and I would wait for her there

  • and then generally you don't meet people on a store.

  • (calm music)

  • Well, hey, thanks so much

  • for watching this English lesson

  • about the prepositions in, on, at and by

  • and sometimes I even talked about the preposition under.

  • I hope you were able to understand

  • everything that I was explaining.

  • I hope this English lesson will help you in the future

  • as you continue to speak English.

  • I'm Bob the Canadian.

  • Thank you so much for watching.

  • If you're new here,

  • don't forget to click that red Subscribe button over there.

  • Give me a thumbs up

  • if this video helped you learn a little bit of English

  • and if you have the time,

  • why don't you stick around and watch another video?

  • (calm music)

So am I in the tree, on the tree,

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A2 BEG US tree van jen preposition shopping english lesson

How to Use the Prepositions IN, AT, BY and ON When Talking About a Place An English Grammar Lesson

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    洪子雯   posted on 2020/07/28
Video vocabulary