Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hi, Bob the Canadian here. Welcome to this English lesson about age and how to talk about age in English. Soon, it will be my birthday. I usually don't give the exact date, and I usually don't say my exact age, but let's just say that later this summer, I will have a birthday and I will still be in my late 40s. But because my birthday is coming up, I thought I should do a lesson on how to talk about age in English. So do watch the whole lesson. I'm going to start with the basics, and then I'm gonna progress through some intermediate vocabulary and phrases that you can use to talk about age in English. And then I will give you some more advanced phrases and some more advanced vocabulary towards the end of the video. So stick around. Practice the basics. Maybe learn something new in this English lesson about how to talk about your age and the age of other people. (light music) Well, welcome to this English lesson about how to talk about age in English. Before we get started, though, if this is your first time here, don't forget to click that red Subscribe button below and give me a thumbs up if this video helps you learn just a little bit more English. But let's start the lesson. Let's start with the basics. In English, when you say how old you are, you say, "I am," and then the age. So if you are 25, you say, "I am 25." I know in other languages, you use the equivalent of our verb to have. We do not do this in English. In English, you would not say, "I have 25 years." Do not say that. In English, you would say, "I am 25 years old," or, "I am 25," or, "I'm 25." And the same goes for when you ask someone how old they are in English. You don't say, "How many years do you have?" You say, "How old are you?" So in English, a little bit different than some languages. You definitely say things like, "I am 25." And if you ask the question, you say, "How old are you?" But let me talk about that for a sec. With kids, it is okay to say, "How old are you?" With adults, though, it's kind of a private and personal question. And you normally wouldn't ask it, except for on a certain day of the year. And that day is their birthday. A person's birthday, when they are an adult, is really the only day where it's okay to ask them how old they are. You could say, "Hey, how old are you today?" "So how old are you turning today?" So for instance, later, when it's my birthday, people will come over and say, "Happy birthday." We will have a birthday cake with candles, and people will feel like it's okay to ask a very private question. They'll say, "Hey, how old are you?" And I will respond and say, "I'm in my late 40s." (laughing) No, but seriously, though, in English, you can ask children how old they are almost at any point. So if you are visiting your brother and sister-in-law and they have a child, your nephew or niece, you could say, "Hey, how old are you now?" And that is totally fine. But you rarely ask people who are adults in English how old they are. It's kind of a private question. So wait for their birthday. If you get invited over to their birthday party, you can then say, "Hey, how old are you?" Oh and one more thing about birthdays. We use two different phrases to talk about how old you are going to become on your birthday. We would say, "I am going to be," and then the age. So let's say later this summer, I was going to be 25. I would say, "Oh, on my birthday, I'm going to be 25," or, "On my birthday, I'm going to turn 25." We should for a minute go over all of the terms we use to describe different ages that people are. When you are first born, we call you a newborn. A newborn is someone who is just a few months old. You could also call a newborn a baby, but definitely, a newborn is a person who is just born and is probably only a month or two old. After that, we would just call you a baby for a little while. Once a baby is old enough that they start to crawl and walk, usually when they start to walk, we start to call them a toddler. So a toddler is a young, young, young child who is learning to walk or who has recently learned to walk. After that, we just refer to you as a kid or child. Someone between the age of three and four and maybe 10, we would just call them a child or a kid. And then we have this term now tween. It's not a real word, but a tween is someone who isn't a child anymore but isn't a teenager. They're kind of between those two ages, and we will sometimes call them a tween. So a tween is like someone who is 10 or 11 or 12 years old. Once you turn 13, you see the teen in the number 13. Anyone from the age of 13 to 19 is called a teenager. Teenagers are young and carefree. That would be a good description for them. At least that's what I was like when I was a teenager. Once you turn 20, we would probably refer to you as a young adult. Anyone who is from the age of 20 to about 30, we would call a young adult. Anyone from the age of 30 to about 45, we would refer to as an adult. And then if you are age 45 to 60, maybe 65, we would say that you are middle-aged and you might also hear people describe that age as being middle age with no D on the end. I think the most correct term is to say that you are middle-aged. I'm middle-aged, by the way. I am a middle-aged man. (laughing) I should just admit it. Once you are 60 to 65, we would start to call you a senior. Some people are seniors at the age of 55. It really just depends where you live. But if you are close to retirement or retired, we would call you a senior. And then if you are older than that, we now are starting to call people who are very old elderly. So an elderly person would be someone maybe over the age of 70 or over the age of 75. So those are all of your terms. I hope that helped you get a better sense of how we describe the general ages of different groups of people as they get older. We should talk a little bit too about how to compare yourself in age to someone else. So we have terms like younger and older or youngest and oldest. When you are older than someone, it means that you were born before them. If you are younger than someone, you were born later than them. And this is how we compare our age to different people. In my family, I have an older brother and an older sister and a younger brother and a younger sister. So you can see how I used those words to compare our ages. My brother is the oldest, and my other brother is the youngest. So that means they are at the top of the family or at the end of the family. Should I have said the beginning of the family? Maybe I should've. And then lastly, I just wanted to talk about another term. I am a middle child. So when you are not the oldest and you are not the youngest, and if you are in a family of three or five, you are perfectly in the middle in terms of age, and we would refer to you as the middle child. Sometimes if you are in a family of four and you are the second or third oldest, we would describe you as middle children as well. But I, in my family, I am definitely the middle child. I am the middle child of five kids. Of course, we're all adults now, but I'm still the middle child and I still act like one. We should also look at some intermediate phrases or some intermediate terms for talking about peoples' age. In particular, I wanna talk about generalizations. So if you don't know exactly how old someone is, you might say that they are in their 20s or they are in their 30s or in their 40s. So for instance, I have a cousin and I'm not sure exactly how old he is, but I know that he's in his 30s. So when you don't know the exact age of someone, you can use that term. We can also be a little more specific. You could say, "I think he's in his early 30s," or you could say, "I think he's in his mid 30s," or you could say, "I think he's in his late 30s." You'll often hear me describe my age as that I am in my late 40s. So those are ways that you can be less specific, where you can talk about age when you don't know the exact age. You can also use these generalized terms for age to talk about yourself. You can say things like, "Oh, when I was in my early 30s, I used to go out more." Or you could say, "Later in life when I am in my 60s, I am going to relax a little bit more." So these are all just general terms that you can talk about your age or that you can use to talk about the age of someone else where you don't want to be specific, or maybe you just don't know what age the person is. So let's talk about some more advanced phrases when we are talking about age. The first phrase I wanna talk about is the phrase getting on in years. If you describe someone as getting on in years, it means that they're getting older. The second phrase I wanted to talk about is over the hill. If someone is over the hill, it usually means they are over the age of 40. So I'm definitely over the hill. Another phrase I wanted to look at is the phrase midlife crisis. A midlife crisis is when you get around age 40 or 45 and you start to kind of second-guess your life. You start to wonder if you chose the right career. Did you choose the right path in life? And you start to worry about it and you have a little bit of anxiety about it. We would call that a midlife crisis. Another phrase you'll hear in English is that somebody is turning grey. You can see that my hair is turning grey. When we say that someone is turning grey, we are just simply saying that they are getting older. When you talk about people who are a lot younger than you, you can use the general term young people. So you'll sometimes hear someone say, "You know, young people these days, they just aren't as serious as we were when we were young." And you might also hear people use the word youth. They might say, "Youth these days just aren't as serious as we were."