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  • Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

  • Now, you might already know that there are two

  • types of English nouns, countable

  • and uncountable nouns.

  • Knowing the difference between these nouns is really important

  • and I can tell you right now that so

  • many of the English grammar mistakes that you're making

  • are to do with these different types of nouns.

  • They affect the way that you use other words in English,

  • words like articles

  • and much and many,

  • some and any,

  • a little, a few!

  • Learning how to use uncountable and

  • countable nouns with these words will really,

  • dramatically improve your English grammar.

  • In this video, I'm going to focus on countable nouns

  • but I've made another lesson

  • that's all about uncountable nouns.

  • You can check it out up there or

  • you can wait to the end of this lesson

  • and I'll link to it there.

  • Okay! Some nouns are countable

  • which means really simply, you can count them.

  • You can say that there are three, five or ten of

  • these different nouns.

  • For example, this is an apple

  • and I've got three apples here.

  • They have singular and plural forms.

  • Countable nouns have singular and plural forms,

  • which means that you can use the articles 'a' or 'an'

  • with the singular form of these nouns.

  • A lemon, an apple, a glass.

  • Okay, so I said an apple and a lemon there, didn't I?

  • So, what's the difference?

  • Well, 'a' or 'an' is just like saying that there is one of something,

  • so it's used with a singular noun,

  • never in the plural form.

  • We use 'a' in front of a noun that starts with a consonant sound.

  • A banana, a cup, a plate, a potato, a lemon.

  • We use 'an' in front of a noun that starts with a vowel,

  • a vowel sound, like an apple, an orange or an hour

  • Now, hour's a little tricky. It starts with a consonant

  • and actually it starts with a vowel sound.

  • So, we're talking about letters or sounds.

  • This word starts with a consonant letter

  • but the first sound that you hear when it's pronounced

  • is a vowel sound: ow, ow, hour.

  • Not 'hhhhour'

  • So, because it starts with a vowel sound,

  • you need to use the article 'an'.

  • So, what about plural countable nouns?

  • When you have a plural countable noun,

  • you can use the word 'some' if you're not being specific,

  • you don't know exactly how much or you

  • don't want to say exactly how much, use 'some'.

  • Or, you can use the number and be exact.

  • You can say 'some potatoes' or 'two forks' or 'three glasses'.

  • Most English nouns are countable,

  • but there are so many nouns outside of the kitchen, right?

  • Like day and week and hour, minute, task,

  • appointment, activity.

  • So, let's recap on countable nouns.

  • They can be singular or plural.

  • You can use the articles 'a' and 'an'

  • when talking about these nouns, when they're singular.

  • You can use 'some' with plural nouns when you don't want to be specific.

  • Or, you can just use the number to say exactly how many!

  • Like I said, the majority of English nouns are countable nouns

  • and the way to find out is to check your dictionary.

  • Every dictionary will say whether the noun is countable or uncountable.

  • You'll see a little [u] or a little [c] next to the noun

  • and it's really important that you get into the habit of using these nouns correctly.

  • They are treated very differently in English sentences.

  • Remember that the words you can use with them are quite different.

  • And this is how so many English mistakes are made,

  • particularly with grammar! So, you really must start paying attention

  • to the type of noun that you're using

  • and how it affects the other words in your sentences.

  • Now I've created a cheat sheet to help you

  • practise and study these differences

  • between countable and uncountable nouns

  • and how to use them effectively.

  • You can download it right here.

  • I hope that you enjoyed this lesson

  • and that you learnt a few things about countable nouns.

  • Don't forget that you can watch the other lesson

  • that's about uncountable nouns, right here.

  • And of course make sure that you subscribe

  • so that you find out whenever I release a new lesson

  • to help you with your English grammar, your

  • English speaking skills, your confidence

  • in English. All of these things, I make lessons about.

  • You can check out some of those on this playlist, right here.

  • That's it for today but I'm so pleased

  • that you could join me. Bye for now!

Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

Subtitles and vocabulary

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B1 US countable plural uncountable singular noun vowel

Countable English Nouns | Fix Common Grammar Mistakes & Errors

Video vocabulary