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  • I want to start on a slightly somber note.

  • 2007 Five years ago, my wife gets diagnosed with breast cancer states to beat.

  • Now, looking back, the most harrowing part off the experience was not just the hospital with it is very painful for my wife.

  • Understandably self.

  • It was not even the initial shock of knowing that she had breast cancer just 39 years old.

  • Absolutely no history of cancer in her family.

  • The most horrifying and agonizing part of the whole experience was we were making decisions after decisions, other decisions that were being thrust upon us.

  • Should it be a mastectomy?

  • Should it be a lumpectomy?

  • Should it be a more aggressive form of treatment?

  • Given the record states to be with all the side effects, what should it be?

  • A less aggressive form of treatment.

  • And these were being pressed upon us by the doctors.

  • You can ask this question.

  • Why were the doctors doing this now?

  • A simplistic answer would be that doctors are doing this because you know they want to protect themselves legally.

  • I think that is too simplistic.

  • These are well meaning doctors.

  • Some of them have gone on to become very good friends, they probably simply following the wisdom that has come down the ages, this adage that when you're making decisions, especially decisions of importance, it's best to be in charge.

  • It's best to be in control.

  • It's best to be in the driver seat, and we were certainly in the driver's seat making all these decisions.

  • So let me tell you, some of you have bean there.

  • It's the most agonizing and harrowing experience.

  • Which got me thinking said, Is there any validity to this whole adage that when I'm making decisions, it's best to take the driver's seat being charged?

  • Being controlled are are there context would be a far better off taking the passenger's seat and have someone else drive.

  • For example, a trusted financial advisor could be a trusted doctor, except and since I was, I study human decision making, I said I'm going to run some studies to find some answers.

  • I'm going to share one of these studies with you today, so imagine that all a few are participants in the study.

  • I want to tell you that we're going to do in the study is you're going to drink a cup of teeth.

  • If you're wondering why, I'll tell you why in a few seconds from now you are going to solve a series off puzzles and I'm going to show you examples of these puzzles in momentarily.

  • And the more puzzles to solve, the greater the chances that you've been some price.

  • Now, why do you have to consume the tea?

  • Why?

  • Because it makes a lot of sense in order to solve these puzzles effectively.

  • If you think about it, your mind needs to be in two states simultaneously, right?

  • It needs to be alert for which caffeine is very good Simultaneously.

  • It needs to be calm, not agitated, calm for which camomile is very good.

  • Now comes the between subjects design the A B designed the A B testing.

  • So what I'm gonna do is randomly assign you to one of two groups.

  • So imagine that there's an imaginary line out here so everyone here will be group A.

  • Everyone out here will be group now for you folks.

  • What I wouldn't do is I'm going to show you these two teas and I'm asking you, go ahead and ask you to choose your teams.

  • So you can choose what you want to you want where you doesn't know What's your mental state?

  • Okay, I'm gonna chose the cabinet.

  • T I'm gonna choose the combat.

  • You could've been charged.

  • You're going to be in control.

  • You're going to be in the driver's seat.

  • You folks, I'm going to show you these two teas, but you don't have a choice.

  • I'm going to give you one of these two teas and keep in mind, I'm going to pick one of these duties at random for you.

  • Did you know that?

  • So if you think about it, this is an extreme case scenario.

  • Because the real world, whenever you are taking the passenger seat very often the driver is going to be someone you trust an expert.

  • Except but it is an extreme case scenario.

  • Now you're all going to consume.

  • The tea is imagine that you're taking the P.

  • Now we'll wait for you to finish.

  • The tea will give another five minutes for the ingredient to have its effects.

  • Now you're going to have 30 minutes to solve 15 puzzles.

  • Here's an example.

  • After possibly going to solve anyone in the audience wouldn't take a stab.

  • Whoa, Okay, That's cool.

  • Yeah.

  • So what we do?

  • If we had you, who will get the answer?

  • A spot.

  • As a participant, we would have calibrated the difficulty level of the puzzles to your expertise because we want these puzzles to be difficult.

  • These are tricky puzzles, because your first instinct is to say, chile, and then you'll have to unstick yourself.

  • Right?

  • So these have been calibrated to your level of expertise because we want this to be difficult and tell you why momentarily Now, here's all the example.

  • Anyone, this much more difficult?

  • Yeah.

  • Wow.

  • Okay, so, yeah.

  • So this is again difficult.

  • You'll say camber than you have to go maker and all that and the nuclear unstuck yourself.

  • Okay, so you have 30 minutes now to solve these 15 puzzles.

  • Now, the question we're asking here is in terms of the outcome and come to the number of puzzle solved.

  • Will you in the driver's seat end up solving more puzzles because you're under control, You could decide which tea you would choose.

  • Or would you be better off in terms of the number of puzzles?

  • Salt.

  • Yeah.

  • Systematically, what we will show across a serious of studies is that you the passengers, even though the tea was picked for you at random will end up solving more puzzles than you.

  • The drivers.

  • You also observe another thing.

  • And that is you folks not hear solving fewer puzzles.

  • You're also putting less juice into the task.

  • Less effort.

  • You're less persistent and so on.

  • How do we know that?

  • But we have two objective measures.

  • Oneness.

  • One of the time, on average, you're taking In attempting to solve these puzzles, you will spend less time compared to you.

  • Second, you have 30 minutes to solve these.

  • Are you taking them chattering minutes?

  • Are you giving up before the 30 minutes elapse?

  • You will be more likely to give up before the 30 minutes elapse.

  • Come on, you.

  • So you're putting in less juice and therefore the outcome.

  • Fewer puzzles solved.

  • No brings us.

  • Now.

  • Do Why does this happen?

  • Right, And under what situations?

  • When would we see this pattern of results where the passenger is going to show better, more favorable outcomes?

  • Compact with a trifle, it all has to do with when you face what I call the income.

  • It's an acronym that stands for the nature off.

  • The feedback you're getting after you made the decision.

  • So you think about it in this particular puzzle pass.

  • It could happen in investing in the stock market.

  • Very volatile out there could be the medical situation.

  • The feedback here is immediate.

  • You know the feedback for their solving the puzzles or not?

  • Right.

  • Second, it is negative.

  • The remember the deck was stacked against you in terms off the difficulty level of these puzzles that this can happen in the medical to me, for example, very early on in the treatment things are negative.

  • The feedback before things become positive it happened the stock market, volatile stock market, getting the negative feedback.

  • It is also immediate on the feedback in all these cases is concrete.

  • It's unambiguous, you know, if you solve the puzzles or not.

  • Now the added one.

  • Apart from this immediacy negative This concrete nous.

  • Now you have a sense of agency.

  • You were responsible for your decision.

  • So what do you do?

  • You focus on the foregone option you say You know what I should have chosen?

  • The other people that cast your decision in doubt reduces the confidence you have the decision.

  • It is the confidence you have in the performance performance in terms of solving the puzzles and therefore less juice into the task.

  • Fewer puzzles solved less favorable outcomes compared to you folks.

  • And that's gonna happen in the medical domain if you think about it, right?

  • A patient in the driver's seat, for example, less juice.

  • Which means, you know, keeping herself or himself less physically fit, physically active to hasten the recovery process, which is what is often advocated.

  • You probably wouldn't do that.

  • And therefore there are times when you're facing the Inca, when the feedback is going to be immediate, negative concrete and you have the sense of agency where you're far better off taking the passenger's seat and have someone else drive.

  • Now I started off on the somber note.

  • I want to finish up on a more upbeat note.

  • It is now being five years, second, more than five years, and the good news, thank God is that is the cancer is still intermission, so it all ends well.

  • But one thing I didn't mention Waas that very early on into a treatment, my wife and I decided that we will take the passenger seat on that made so much of a difference in terms off the peace of mind that came with that, we could focus on her recovery.

  • We let the doctors make all the decisions.

  • Take the driver's seat.

  • Thank you.

I want to start on a slightly somber note.

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B1 TED-Ed driver seat seat driver solve feedback

Sometimes it's good to give up the driver's seat - Baba Shiv

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/07/03
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