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  • Well, no, the World Wide Web absolutely transformed publishing, broadcasting, commerce and social connectivity.

  • But where did it all come from?

  • And I've caught three people Vannevar Bush, Doug Englebart and Tim Berners Lee.

  • So let's just run through these guys.

  • This is Vannevar Bush.

  • Vannevar Bush was the US government's chief scientific adviser during the war, and in 1945 he published an article in a magazine called Atlantic Monthly.

  • And the doctor was called, as we may think.

  • And what Vannevar Bush was saying was, The way we use information is broken.

  • We we don't work in terms of libraries and catalog systems and so forth.

  • The being worth my association with one item in its thought.

  • It snaps instantly to the next item on the waist information structure.

  • This totally incapable of keeping up with this process.

  • And so he suggested a machine, and he called it the Meme X.

  • And the main makes would link information one piece of information to a related piece of information and so forth.

  • Now this was in 1945.

  • A computer in those days was something that Secret Service is just to use for code breaking, and it was absolutely, you know, nobody knew anything about it.

  • So this was before the computer was invented and he proposed this machine called the Man Makes, and he had a platform where you linked information to other information.

  • And then you could call it up.

  • It will.

  • So spitting forward.

  • One of the guys who read this out ago was a guy called Dog Englebart when he was a U S Air Force officer and he was reading in the library in the Far East.

  • But he was so inspired by this article, it kind of directed the rest of his life.

  • And by the mid sixties, he was able to put this into action.

  • When he worked at the Stanford Research Lab in California, he built a system.

  • The system was designed to augment human intelligence.

  • It was called on a premonition of today's world of cloud computing and Softwares, or service.

  • The system was called N L s for online system, and this is Doug Englebart.

  • It was giving a presentation at the fall joint computer conference in 1968.

  • What is sure it's on a stage like this.

  • And he demonstrated this system.

  • He had his head make like I've got and he wants this system and you can see he is working between documents and graphics and so forth.

  • And he's driving at all with this, said this platform here with a five finger keyboard and the world's first computer, most which he specially designed in order to do this system.

  • So this is where the most came from as well.

  • So it's with Doug Englebart.

  • The trouble with Doug Engelbart system was the computers in those days cost several £1,000,000.

  • So for a personal computer, you know, a few £1,000,000 of like having a personal jet plane, it wasn't really very practical, but spin on to the eighties when personal computers did arrive.

  • Then there was room for this kind of system on personal computers, and my company, Owl built a system called Gate for the Apple Macintosh on We delivered the world's first hypertext system, and this began to get a head of steam.

  • Apple introduced the thing called hyper card at the middle bit of Foster Motor that had a 12 page supplement in The Wall Street Journal.

  • The day it launched.

  • The magazine started the Covenant Byte magazine Communication of the CME of special issues covering hypertext.

  • We developed a PC version of this product as well as Mike Untouched Fashion and our PC version became quite mature.

  • These are some examples off the system in action.

  • The early eighties you were able to deliver documents were able to do it over networks.

  • We developed a system such that it had a markup language based on HTML.

  • We called HTML hypertext markup language on the system was capable of doing very, very large documentation systems over computer networks.

  • So I do this system to a trade show in Versailles, near Paris, in late November 1990.

  • And I was approached by a nice young man called Tim Berners Lee, who say that you in Richer said Yeah, and he said, I need to talk to you And he told me about his proposed system called the World Wide Web.

  • And I thought, Well, that's kind of pretentious name, especially the whole system right now at his computer in his office.

  • But he was completely convinced that his World Wide Web would take over the world.

  • One day, Andi tried to persuade me to write the browser for it because his system didn't have any graphics or foreign salio or anything.

  • It was just just plain text.

  • And I thought, Well, you know, interesting but guy from sales and he's not gonna do this so we we didn't do it in the next couple of years.

  • The hypertext community didn't recognize them either.

  • In 1992 people was rejected for the hypertext conference in 1993 there was a table at the conference in Seattle, and a guy called Marc Andreessen was demonstrating his little browser for the World Wide Web.

  • And I saw and I thought, Yep, that's it.

  • On the very next year in 1984 we had the conference here in Edinburgh, and I had no opposition in having Tim Berners Lee as the keynote speaker.

  • So that puts me in pretty illustrious company with a guy called Deca Raw who was a decorated and turned down the Beatles.

  • There's a guy called Gotta Killed All who Went flying his plane from IBM came looking for an operating system for the IBM PC Onda.

  • He wasn't there, so they went back to see Bill Gates on the 12 publishers who turned down J.

  • K rollings highly protected, I guess.

  • On the other hand, the market reason.

  • Who wrote the world's first browser for the World Wide Web?

  • And according to Fortune magazine, he's worth $700 million but is he happy?

Well, no, the World Wide Web absolutely transformed publishing, broadcasting, commerce and social connectivity.

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A2 TED-Ed system world wide wide web berners computer

The day I turned down Tim Berners-Lee - Ian Ritchie

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/07/03
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