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  • six minutes from BBC learning english dot com.

  • Hello, Welcome to six minute grammar with me, Finn and me Alice Hello in today's program we're talking about have two and must have do on.

  • Must we'll look at what they mean?

  • We'll find out how to use them in sentences.

  • We'll have a pronunciation tip and we'll do some practice with a cuisine.

  • So let's get started.

  • Way use Both must and have to in front of verbs to talk about obligations things that are necessary in natural English.

  • They often have very similar meanings.

  • And here's Catherine.

  • Hello, Hello to demonstrate.

  • I have to leave work early today.

  • I must leave work early today.

  • Thanks, Catherine.

  • I have to leave and I must leave.

  • Those sentences have pretty similar meanings, but that's not always the case.

  • Eso let's look more closely at half to Katherine.

  • My doctor says I have to lose weight.

  • If you go to Russia, you have to get a visa so we use have to for things that are necessary, including laws.

  • You can't go to some countries without a visa.

  • You have to get one Yes, with have to.

  • The obligation usually comes from someone else a doctor, a government or maybe your boss on this is where must is sometimes different must often suggests that the speaker decided themselves that it's necessary to do something.

  • Here are some examples I'm putting on weight.

  • I must join a gym.

  • I haven't spoken to my sister this week.

  • I must give her a core, so that must four personal necessities we can also use must to make recommendations like this.

  • When you go to Germany, you must try brat first.

  • It's delicious.

  • We sometimes seem must informal notices or rules of an organization.

  • Ah, hospital sign might say visitors must wash their hands before leaving the world.

  • Now let's look at negatives first.

  • Don't have to.

  • Okay, if you don't have to do something, it isn't necessary to do it.

  • But you can if you want Katherine in the UK, you don't have to drink alcohol in Popes.

  • Don't have to means it's your choice, but mustn't means don't do it.

  • It is necessary not to do it.

  • You mustn't eat meat that's old.

  • In other words, don't eat meat that's old.

  • Could make you ill s so we can use mustn't for both rules on and personal recommendations.

  • Katherine, you mustn't forget to call your sister.

  • Passengers must not speak to the driver while the bus is moving.

  • Passengers must not.

  • That sounds serious.

  • And it does.

  • The long form must not is more formal than the short form.

  • Mustn't BBC learning english dot com on we're talking about Must Andi have to now a quick word about tenses?

  • Yes, it's important to note that we don't use must in the future or the past.

  • Instead, it's will have to for the future and had to for the past.

  • Katherine, you must talk to your doctor.

  • You'll have to see her tomorrow.

  • You didn't have to answer all the questions in yesterday's exam, but you must answer all the questions in today's exam Now.

  • Time for that pronunciation tip We promised you Yes, in natural speech have to and must can get a bit squashed.

  • I have to go to the doctor.

  • I must join a gym.

  • So have to Sounds like after I have to go to the doctor after and must sounds like must without the final turn sound.

  • I must join a gym must So listen out for those sounds in our quiz.

  • Oh yes, we must have a quiz before we go.

  • I'll say a sentence with Must you decide if I'm talking about a rule or if it's just a personal recommendation?

  • Ready Number one.

  • I need some exercise.

  • I must go to the gym.

  • Andi, that's a personal recommendation on That's right.

  • Number two again.

  • Is it a rule or is it a personal recommendation?

  • You mustn't smoke in the building.

  • No smoking in the buildings.

  • That's a rule.

  • That's right.

  • Now number three.

  • I'm going to say a sentence in the present tense, and you have to put it into the past.

  • Here goes.

  • I must have a cup of tea and in the past it's I had toe.

  • Have a cup of tea.

  • Well done.

  • If you got all those right, there's lots more about must and have to.

  • On our website at BBC Learning english dot com, join us again for most six minute Gramma.

six minutes from BBC learning english dot com.

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A2 mustn katherine doctor gym recommendation personal

'Have To' and 'must' - 6 Minute Grammar

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/07/01
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