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  • Hi guys. Dan here for BBC Learning English.

  • In this Masterclass, we'll be taking a look at three grammar mistakes that native speakers commonly make.

  • Now, as everybody knows, native speakers of

  • English speak English exactly the way that it's written in grammar books. We never, ever

  • make mistakes... and if you believe that, you'll believe anything. Native speakers make

  • mistakes. It's normal. Now, before we continue, it's important to

  • understand that that these 'mistakes' are only 'mistakes' according to the standard

  • rules of English, which don't allow for regional variation, personal choice or differences

  • in formality. So take everything that we say with a pinch of salt. Are you ready? Here we go.

  • A: Did you see the UEFA final? B: Yeah! It was quite a good match, innit?

  • Now it's quite common these days to hear native speakers use 'innit' as an auxilliary verb

  • at the end of a question tag. 'innit' is a corrupted form of 'isn't it' and shouldn't

  • be used this way. Question tags are formed from auxilliary verbs which are taken from

  • the main tense of the main verb. In this case, because the sentence is in the past

  • tense using 'be', your question tag should be 'was'. And because the sentence is affirmative,

  • the question tag should be negative. Not 'innit', but 'wasn't it'. No!

  • A: Look over their! They're dog has just stolen

  • that woman's shopping. B: Ha! There going to be so angry when they

  • catch it. Now guys, even though this is a relatively

  • simple problem, it's so common that people make mistakes. It's a written problem not

  • a spoken one because these three words are pronounced exactly the same. But don't confuse

  • them when you write them down, OK? 'There' (t-h-e-r-e) is an adverb which shows position

  • of something. 'Their' (t-h-e-i-r) is a possessive adjective that shows ownership. And 'they're'

  • (t-h-e-y'r-e) is a contracted form of 'they are'. Be careful.

  • A: Do you have the item what I ordered yesterday?

  • B: I don't have what you ordered, but I have something which you'll love!

  • Now guys, 'what' is a very useful word and it can be used to make relative clauses. However,

  • it's unlike the other relative pronouns: who, which or that. These three join with a noun

  • and are followed by a relative clause. 'What' actually means 'the thing which'. It is the

  • relative pronoun and the noun combined. So, if your sentence already has a noun, you need

  • to use 'who', 'which' or 'that'. Have a look here.

  • Now, remember guys, spoken communication is often more informal and more relaxed than

  • written communication and it's far more important to be understood than to stick rigidly to

  • the grammar rules. Remember that no one, but no one is perfect - except me! See you next time.

Hi guys. Dan here for BBC Learning English.

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A2 innit question tag relative native grammar tag

Grammar: More 'mistakes' native English speakers make - BBC English Masterclass

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/07/01
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