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  • Catherine: Hello. This is 6 Minute English I'm Catherine.

  • Sam: And I'm Sam.

  • Catherine: Now Sam, have you been

  • watching the World Cup?

  • Sam: Cricket or football? Because they

  • are both being played at the moment

  • Catherine: They are. Now I'm talking

  • about football, the Women's World Cup.

  • Sam: In that case, yes, I have. I've really

  • enjoyed it and it's been great that finally

  • we can watch the matches live on TV and

  • that there has been so much interest in

  • the media.

  • Catherine: We'll be finding out a little bit

  • more about the history of women's

  • football in England in today's programme,

  • but first, Sam, a question for you. When

  • was the first official woman's football World Cup?

  • A: 1970, B: 1988, or C: 1991.

  • What do you think, Sam?

  • Sam: Well I think I can get this through

  • mathematics rather than knowledge, so

  • I'm not going to say it right now, but I'll

  • tell you later.

  • Catherine: OK. Well I will tell you the

  • answer later in the programme. Now,

  • Gemma Clarke is a writer on women's

  • football in England and she spoke

  • recently on the BBC Woman's Hour

  • Programme. Here she describes the

  • reaction throughout the years to women's

  • football. Has it been easy for the women's

  • game in England?

  • Gemma Clarke: Women's football has

  • really been a struggle to play, to have any

  • kind of agency and to be taken seriously

  • as athletes. That can be seen throughout

  • history. I think every moment that

  • women's football has had, you know

  • there's been a kind of, a backlash

  • afterwards or a kind of an attempt to keep

  • women back and to dampen enthusiasm

  • for the sport.

  • Catherine: So, it's not been easy, has it?

  • Sam: No, she said it's been a struggle,

  • which means it's been difficult to make

  • any progress.

  • Catherine: And she also mentioned that

  • there was no agency in the women's

  • game. To have agency means

  • you have control over your own situation,

  • you can make the decisions you want to

  • make. So she's saying that the women's

  • game didn't really have control over its

  • own future.

  • Sam: Every time they had some success,

  • there was a backlash, there was a

  • negative reaction to their success.

  • Catherine: That's right and she goes on to

  • say that people tried to dampen

  • enthusiasm for the sport. They tried to

  • make it difficult to see and

  • enjoy it. So who tried to dampen

  • enthusiasm and how did they do it? Well,

  • during and after the First World War,

  • women's football became really popular

  • with crowds of up to 50,000 watching

  • games. It may have been popular with

  • the crowds, but it wasn't so popular with

  • the men who ran the game, the English

  • Football Association. Here's Gemma

  • Clarke again.

  • Gemma Clarke: The men's football

  • association were panicked by seeing

  • women doing so well and they banned

  • all women from playing football on

  • association grounds and that lasted for

  • about 50 years. It was a very concerted

  • effort to keep women's football at

  • amateur status and ensure that

  • there weren't crowds watching them play.

  • Catherine: So the men were really worried

  • by the success of the women's game.

  • They thought that it might take money

  • and supporters away from the men's game.

  • Sam: So they banned woman from playing on

  • their pitches. This means that they no

  • longer allowed them to use the pitches

  • any more. This effectively

  • killed the professional women's game as

  • up to then they had been using the same

  • facilities as the men.

  • Catherine: This, she says, was a concerted

  • effort to restrict women's football. When

  • you make a concerted effort to do

  • something it means that you try

  • really hard to do it.

  • I'm pleased to say that the ban on woman

  • using Football Association pitches was

  • eventually lifted, although only

  • comparatively recently, in 1971.

  • Catherine: Right, before we review today's

  • vocabulary, let's have the answer to

  • today's question. So I asked you, Sam,

  • when was the first official Women's World Cup?

  • Was it… A: 1970, B: 1988, or C: 1991.

  • And you said, Sam, that you were going to

  • work this out with mathsso come on

  • then.

  • Sam: I did! So, I know the World Cup is

  • held every four years, it's 2019 now, so the

  • answer must be an odd yearbear with

  • me - which makes it 1991. Am I right,

  • Catherine?

  • Catherine: Well we'll see if that

  • mathematical approach is any better than

  • actually just knowing the answer.

  • The first World Cup for women was

  • actually held in …..

  • Sam: Come on, hurry up! Let me out of

  • my misery.

  • Catherine: 1970

  • Sam: I can't believe I got that wrong.

  • Catherine: But, it wasn't an official

  • tournament. The first official Women's

  • World Cup was indeed 1991. Your maths

  • worked. So well done Sam and everybody

  • else who got that right. Now, before we

  • get to extra time and penalties, let's recap

  • today's vocabulary.

  • Sam: A struggle is how you can describe

  • something that is very difficult to achieve,

  • something you have to fight for.

  • Catherine: To have agency means being

  • able to act independently

  • and have control over your own choices.

  • Sam: A backlash is a strong negative

  • reaction to something.

  • Catherine: If you try to dampen

  • enthusiasm for something, you try to

  • make people less interested in it.

  • Sam: Banning something means using

  • certain powers to stop something from

  • happening.

  • Catherine: And finally, making a concerted

  • effort means trying really hard.

  • Sam: Well the final whistle has blown for

  • us today.

  • We'll see you again soon and don't forget

  • to look out for more from the

  • BBC Learning English team online, on social

  • media and on our app. Bye for now.

  • Catherine: Bye!

Catherine: Hello. This is 6 Minute English I'm Catherine.

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Women's football World Cup: 6 Minute English

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/07/01
Video vocabulary