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  • Hello guys, welcome back to this English course on nouns.

  • In today's video, I'm going to tell you about compound nouns.

  • They are very common in English and there are thousands of them.

  • You need to know about them.

  • Let's get started.

  • A compound noun is made up of two different words.

  • So you take two words, you put them together, to create a new noun.

  • They're usually quite easy to understand.

  • For example, 'full moon'.

  • 'Full' is obviously the adjective describing the moon.

  • Let's take a look at other examples, and how to create compound nouns.

  • Sometimes, compound nouns are a single noun.

  • Like, 'toothpaste'.

  • Sometimes, they're two or more words hyphenated.

  • Such as 'mother-in-law'.

  • And sometimes, they're two separate words, like 'ice cream'.

  • Now, you have to be careful.

  • Sometimes, you have a simple adjective plus a noun like 'a green house'.

  • But you also have a compound noun which is a different meaning.

  • 'A greenhouse'.

  • Now, 'a green house', is a house which is green.

  • But the compound noun, 'a greenhouse', is a place where you grow plants.

  • Completely different meaning.

  • Ok, so you have to be careful.

  • Stresses can help.

  • Usually the stress is on the first syllable in compound nouns.

  • Ok, I hope you get it guys.

  • Let's take a closer look now at compound nouns.

  • Ok, let's now take a look at the parts of speech that make up a compound noun.

  • We can have a noun and another noun.

  • Like, 'bedroom'.

  • We can also have a noun and a verb.

  • Like, 'haircut'.

  • A noun and a preposition.

  • Like, 'passer-by'.

  • A verb and a noun.

  • Like, 'washing machine'.

  • A verb and a preposition.

  • Like, 'drawback'.

  • A preposition and a noun.

  • Like, 'underground'.

  • An adjective and a ver.

  • Like, 'dry-cleaning'.

  • An adjective and a noun.

  • Like, 'software'.

  • Or a preposition and a verb.

  • Like, 'input'.

  • As you can see guys, there are so many ways to create compound nouns with different words.

  • Now let's get back to our example for pronunciation.

  • Please repeat after me.

  • Bedroom Bedroom

  • Haircut Haircut

  • Passer-by Passer-by

  • Washing machine Washing machine

  • Drawback Drawback

  • Underground Underground

  • Dry-cleaning Dry-cleaning

  • Software Software

  • Input Input

  • Good job guys.

  • Now let's now move on to plural compound nouns.

  • So when we want to make compound nouns plural, there are rules to follow.

  • If you have a single word, you simply add an 's'.

  • But if you have separate words, whether hyphenated or not, you will make the most significant

  • word plural.

  • Let's take a look at examples.

  • 'Newspaper' will simply be 'newspapers'.

  • So I have man newspapers.

  • Swimming pool.

  • Now, what's the most significant word?

  • Well, it is 'pool'.

  • So we will say, 'there are two swimming pools'.

  • You cannot say, 'there are two swimmings pools.'

  • No 's' at swimming.

  • Brother-in-law What's the most significant word?

  • Well of course, it is 'brother'.

  • So you will say, “I have two brothers-in-law”.

  • And finally, 'woman doctor'.

  • Now, what's the most significant word?

  • Actually, both words are significant.

  • So we will both make them plural.

  • Remember, the plural form of 'woman' is 'women'.

  • So we will say, “Four women doctors work at the hospital”.

  • Let's work on pronunciation.

  • Can you repeat after me, please.

  • I have man newspapers.

  • I have man newspapers.

  • There are two swimming pools.

  • There are two swimming pools.

  • I have two brothers-in-law.

  • I have two brothers-in-law.

  • And finally, Four women doctors work at the hospital.

  • Four women doctors work at the hospital.

  • Good job guys.

  • Now let's move on to practice.

  • To practice, I have a few sentences.

  • And I want you to tell me if we are using compound nouns or not.

  • Let's take a look.

  • I want to drink some cold water.

  • Is 'cold water' a compound noun?

  • What do you think?

  • It isn't.

  • 'Cold' is a simply adjective describing the water.

  • She has a new boy friend.

  • Is boy friend a compound noun?

  • Well, it isn't in this case.

  • He's your friend and he's a boy.

  • But the compound noun, 'boyfriend', in one word, exists and has a different meaning.

  • Then, your boyfriend is more than a friend.

  • He's the boy you're having a relationship with.

  • Other example.

  • The blue bird was singing in the tree.

  • Is 'blue bird' a compound noun?

  • Not in this case.

  • It's a simple bird and it's blue.

  • But, the compound noun, 'bluebird', in one word, exists.

  • It's a specific bird.

  • Let's meet at the bus stop.

  • Is 'bus stop' a compound noun?

  • What do you think?

  • It is.

  • I have two alarms clock.

  • What about 'alarms clock'?

  • Well, it is a compound noun, but there is a big mistake.

  • Can you see it?

  • Of course, the plural form.

  • The plural form is not 'alarms clock'.

  • But, 'alarm clocks'.

  • Because the most significant word is 'clock'.

  • Ok guys, let's move on.

  • Thank you for watching.

  • I hope you better understand compound nouns and how to create them.

  • There are so many compound nouns in the English language, but they are usually very easy to

  • understand.

  • And if you're not sure, look it up in a dictionary.

  • The dictionary will tell you if it's a compound noun or not.

  • Thank you for watching guys.

  • And see you in the next videos.

  • Thank you for watching my video guys.

  • If you've liked it, please show me your support.

  • Click, 'like', subscribe to our channel, put your comments below, and share the video.

  • See you.

Hello guys, welcome back to this English course on nouns.

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B1 compound noun plural significant adjective preposition

English Grammar Course | Compound Nouns #4

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    Summer posted on 2020/06/08
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