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  • Hello, everybody. Welcome to this English course.

  • In today's video, I'm going to tell you about nouns.

  • Because in English, nouns are very important. They are the basic element of a sentence.

  • So if you want to speak English, you need to know about the different kinds

  • of nouns. And I'm going to try and teach you as well

  • as I can. Let's get started!

  • Ok, so let's start with concrete nouns. Now in English, concrete nouns are people

  • places or things, including animals.

  • That you can see, that you can smell, or taste, or hear, or touch.

  • So you can basically use your five senses. Let me give you a few examples.

  • If we talk about people, you could say, a man

  • or a teacher, or me, Fanny.

  • Or Mr. Smith. If we talk about places,

  • you could say, a house, a school.

  • You could name a city like London. Very nice city.

  • Or a beach. And if you talk about things,

  • you could say a shoe, you could say a marker,

  • you could talk about a dog or food like a pizza.

  • These are concrete nouns....ok. Now let's move on to abstract nouns.

  • So abstract nouns, unlike concrete nouns, are ideas, concepts, emotions.

  • And you can't see an idea. You can't smell a concept.

  • You can't taste an emotion. Or hear it. Or touch it.

  • So they are nouns. They are things that exist, but

  • you cannot see them, or taste them. You can't use your five sense.

  • To give you a few examples, we could talk about love,

  • or time, or religion,

  • rules. These are all words that represent

  • ideas, concepts... okay They're abstract nouns in English.

  • Now, let's get into more detail about nouns. Let's now see the difference between common

  • nouns and proper nouns which are very important

  • in English. So common nouns and proper nouns

  • refer to people, places, things, ideas. Let's see a few examples.

  • We could talk about people for example. A woman.

  • That's a common noun. But if we talk about a specific woman,

  • for example, me, Fanny. That becomes a proper noun with a capital

  • 'F'. because, and you should know this,

  • proper nouns are always capitalized. You could talk about places.

  • A city. That's a common noun. But then you can name a specific city.

  • Let's take a great city, London, of course.

  • With a capital 'L'. Remember proper nouns - always capitalized.

  • We can talk about things for example. An animal.

  • Let's take a dog. A dog. That's a common noun.

  • But if we take a specific dog, like Snoopy - capital 'S',

  • that's the proper noun. If we talk about things again, but for example,

  • a car, that's a common noun.

  • But if we name the brand, the specific brand of the car like Volvo,

  • that's a proper noun. And it takes a capital 'V'.

  • And finally, and we can say, a team - common noun.

  • But if we name a specific team, for example, the best football team, Manchester United,

  • then that's a proper noun and it's capitalized.

  • Now mind you, 'team', is a special word because it's called

  • a collective noun in English because it refers to a group of people.

  • So collective nouns can be used as singular nouns or plural nouns.

  • But we will talk about this again later. So now that we know a lot about nouns in English,

  • Let's practice finding nouns in a sentence. Okay, first,

  • In my class at Oxford University, I have many friends.

  • My best friend is Jan. I have a lot of love for her.

  • Jan has a cute dog. Its name is Juju.

  • What are the nouns in these sentences? If we take the first sentence,

  • In my class at Oxford University, I have many friends.

  • We have, class, and friends. These are common nouns.

  • We also have a proper noun, Oxford University. We know it's a proper noun because it's capitalized.

  • The second sentence is, My best friend is Jen.

  • Now in this sentence, the noun is, friend - common noun.

  • And there's also the word, Jen, is also a noun but a proper noun.

  • As you can see it's capitalized. Then, I have a lot of love for her.

  • What noun can you see? Of course, 'love'.

  • Remember the abstract noun we talked about a few minutes ago.

  • And finally, Jan has a cute dog. Its name is Juju.

  • What nouns can we find? We can see, 'Jen', again - proper noun.

  • 'Dog' - common noun. But also, 'name', and 'Juju'.

  • 'Name's' a common noun. 'Juju' is the proper noun.

  • It's capitalized. As you probably know,

  • I haven't mentioned, 'I', or 'her', or 'its'. They are also nouns, but they are pronouns

  • and they're considered a different category in

  • English. We will talk about them in another video .

  • Great job guys! Thank you for watching my video.

  • I hope you now have a better understanding of nouns in English.

  • Please keep practicing. Practice makes perfect.

  • I'm sure you will very soon be able to recognize nouns in a sentence.

  • Please make sure to watch my next video as I keep on talking about nouns.

  • See you. Thank you for watching my video guys.

  • If you've liked this video, please click like, subscribe to our channel, show us

  • your support, put your comments below and share this video. Thank you.

  • Hello guys! And welcome to this English course on nouns.

  • In today's video, we're going to talk about singular and plural nouns.

  • When you speak English, it's very important to know the difference between a singular

  • noun and a plural noun. Ok?

  • So I will explain to you the different rules. And we will practice together.

  • Let's get started. Ok guys, the first you need to know is that

  • a singular noun means one. So, for example, I can say, 'cat'.

  • 'a cat' 'one cat'

  • 'school' 'a school'

  • 'one school' 'team'

  • Now don't forget, 'team' is a collective noun.

  • It's a group of people, but still, it's a singular noun.

  • We talk about 'a team', or 'one team. 'lady'

  • 'monkey' 'tomato'

  • 'a tomato' 'one tomato'

  • Or 'piano'. Now, if we talk about plural nouns, it means

  • more than one. So for example, two, three, four, or many.

  • If we take our words again, 'a cat' becomes 'cats'.

  • 'two cats' 'three cats'

  • 'many cats' 'school'' becomes 'schools'.

  • 'team' becomes 'teams'. Ok, so you just add an 's'.

  • Now 'lady' becomes 'ladies. 'monkey' becomes 'monkeys'.

  • But, two different rules. As you can see, 'lady' is consonant +

  • 'y'. Now when you have consonant + 'y', in

  • an English word, the plural will be 'ies'. 'lady'

  • 'ladies' But when you have vowel + 'y' like 'monkey',

  • it just becomes 'monkeys'. You simply add an 's'.

  • Ok, 'monkey' becomes 'monkeys'. 'tomato' becomes 'tomatoes'.

  • 'piano' 'pianos' Again, two different rules.

  • Now 'tomato' becomes 'tomatoes'. You add 'es'.

  • And with most words ending in 'o', so consonant + 'o', you will add 'es'.

  • But sometimes, you will only add 's'. Like 'piano', 'pianos'.

  • There is no particular rule for this. You just need to know the words that only

  • end with an 's'. Ok, let's move on to some pronunciation

  • now. So, when it comes to pronunciation, we have

  • three different sounds. The first sound is /s/.

  • The second sound is /z/. And the third sounds is /Iz/.

  • So let's review some words together and be really careful, what sound do you hear?

  • 'cats' 'cats'

  • What can you hear? /s/

  • Can you repeat after me. 'cats'

  • 'cats' The second word is 'schools'.

  • 'schools' What sound can you hear?

  • Of course, /z/. Repeat after me.

  • 'schools' 'schools'

  • The third words is 'teams'. What sound can you hear?

  • Again, /z/. Repeat after me.

  • 'teams' 'teams'

  • Then we have 'ladies'. 'ladies'

  • /z/ Repeat after me.

  • 'ladies' 'ladies'

  • Then 'monkeys'. /z/ again.

  • Repeat after me. 'monkeys'.

  • 'monkeys' Then we have 'tomatoes'.

  • Again, it's the /z/ sound. 'tomatoes'

  • 'tomatoes' And finally, 'pianos'.

  • /z/ 'pianos'

  • 'pianos' Let's move on to

  • other rules now. Ok guys, let's now talk about nouns that

  • end in 's', 'sh', 'x', 'ch', or 'z'.

  • Now to make the plural form of these nouns, you will add 'es'.

  • And the sound will be /Iz/. Let's review some words together.

  • 'bus' becomes 'buses'. 'bush' 'bushes'

  • 'fox' 'foxes' 'beach' 'beaches'

  • 'quiz' 'quizzes' Can you repeat after me?

  • 'buses' 'buses' 'bushes' 'bushes'

  • 'foxes' 'foxes' 'beaches' 'beaches'

  • 'quizzes' 'quizzes' Let's move on.

  • Ok, guys. Moving on to nouns that end in 'f' or

  • 'fe'. For example, 'roof' becomes 'roofs'.

  • 'safe' 'safes' So you simply add an 's'.

  • Then we have 'leaf' that becomes 'leaves'. Wait a minute. What happened?

  • Well, ya, sometimes in English, a word ending in 'f' becomes a word ending in 'ves'

  • in plural. That's not a rule.

  • But some words end in 'ves', you just have to learn them I'm afraid.

  • Another word, 'wife'. And again, 'ves'.

  • 'wives' 'shelf' 'shelves'

  • Again, this 'ves' ending. Now let's focus on pronunciation.

  • 'roofs' So it's an /s/ sound.

  • 'roofs' 'roofs'

  • Good job. 'safes'

  • 'safes' Have you heard the /s/ sound?

  • 'safes' Then we have 'leaves'.

  • And this time it's a /z/ sound. Repeat after me.

  • 'leaves' 'leaves'

  • Great. Moving on. 'wives'

  • 'wives' And finally,

  • 'shelves' 'shelves'

  • Great job guys. Let's move on to practice now.

  • Well students, let's now practice together. I'm going to give you a singular noun, and

  • I want you to try and find the plural form of this singular noun.

  • Ok? Let's give it a try.

  • The first word is 'baby'. 'baby'

  • Don't forget, it ends with consonant + 'y'. Do you remember the rule?

  • It's 'babies' with 'ies'. Very nice.

  • 'baby' 'babies' The second word is 'toy'.

  • Hmmm, vowel + 'y'. So this time, 'toys'.

  • You simply add an 's'. Then we have 'wish'.

  • Wish is a word that ends in 'sh'. Remember the rule.

  • 'wishes' You add 'es'.

  • 'taxi' becomes 'taxis'. You simply add an 's'.

  • 'choice' 'choices' Simply add an 's' as well.

  • Then we have the word 'wolf'. Aha!

  • It's a word ending in 'f'. Is it a word with 'ves'?

  • It is. 'wolves'

  • And finally, 'photo'

  • Now remember the words ending in 'o'? You can add 'es' or simply 's'.

  • Well with photo, you simply add an 's'. 'photos'

  • Now if we focus on pronunciation now. Repeat the words after me.

  • 'babies' The sound is /z/

  • 'babies' 'toys'

  • 'toys' 'wishes'

  • Remember this /Iz/ sound? Repeat after me.

  • 'wishes' 'taxis'

  • 'taxis' 'choices'

  • 'choices' 'wolves'

  • 'wolves' And finally,

  • 'photos' 'photos' Excellent job guys.

  • Now let's move on to some example sentences. I have some example sentences for you guys.

  • Using singular and plural nouns. I would like you to repeat the sentences after

  • me. And be really careful to sue proper pronunciation.

  • Let's get started. First,

  • 'I want a dog.' 'I like dogs.'

  • Repeat after me, guys. 'I want a dog.'

  • 'I like dogs.' The second sentence.

  • 'I don't want a fox.' 'I don't like foxes.'

  • After me, guys. 'I don't want a fox.'

  • 'I don't like foxes.' Great, moving on the to the third sentence.

  • 'I bought a watch.' 'I have many watches.'

  • Repeat after me. 'I bought a watch.'

  • 'I have many watches.' Good job.

  • Sentence four now. 'I have a new stereo.'

  • 'Now, I have two stereos.' After me.

  • 'I have a new stereo.' 'Now, I have two stereos.'

  • Excellent! And finally,

  • 'There's a knife.' 'There are six knives in the kitchen.'

  • Repeat after me. 'There's a knife.'

  • 'There are six knives in the kitchen.' Amazing job guys.

  • Very nice. I hoped this has helped.

  • I hope you now understand better, singular and plural nouns in English.

  • Now, I haven't talked about all the pronunciation rules,

  • But I hope you have a good sense now of how pronounce plural forms.

  • Make sure you watch my next video if you want to know more about nouns in English.

  • Thank you very much for watching guys. Thank you for watching my video, guys!

  • If you've liked this video, please show me your support.

  • Click 'like'. Subscribe to the channel.

  • Put your comments below and share the video. See you.

  • Hello, guys. Welcome to this English course on nouns.

  • In today's video, I'm going to tell you about irregular plural nouns.

  • Now there are crazy ways of making plural forms in English.

  • And there are a lot of irregular forms. I want you to know about them, so let's

  • get started. Again, guys, there are so many irregular plural

  • forms in English. And I'm afraid there are no particular rules.

  • You just need to learn the words. But I'm going to try and tell you about

  • the most common ones. Ok?

  • Let's review some words together. Ok, so, for example.

  • We have a singular noun which is 'woman'. It's plural form is 'women'.

  • 'woman' 'women' Then we have 'man'.

  • The singular noun, 'a man', it becomes 'men'.

  • 'a child' becomes 'children' 'a tooth' 'teeth'

  • 'a foot' becomes 'feet' 'a person' becomes 'people'.

  • 'a mouse' becomes 'mice' Ok