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  • Eat Sleep Dreamers if you want to know how this famous London landmark can help you learn

  • English grammar, stay tuned.

  • So welcome guys, I'm here in London on the Millennium bridge

  • which was built in the year 2000. Now how does this bridge help you learn English grammar?

  • I'm going to explain that right now. Today we're looking at the present perfect and we're

  • going to look at the basics. The things you need to know to use the present perfect correctly

  • because it causes a lot of people problems. So the main thing we need to know about the

  • present perfect is that it links the past to the present. That's how we use it. That's

  • where the Millennium bridge comes in. On the north side of the river Thames we have St

  • Paul's Cathedral, built in the 1600s. A long time in the past, right? So St Paul's Cathedral

  • is the past. Now I'm going to walk along theMillennium bridge and see what's on the other side.

  • I'm now on the south side of the river Thames and right by Tate Modern.

  • As the name

  • suggests Tate Modern is a modern art gallery, opened in the year 2000. So to me it represents

  • what's happening in London right now. St Paul's cathedral that's the past, this is the present.

  • And what links the two? The Millennium bridge. So you can see why the Millennium bridge is

  • the present perfect. If the present perfect tense links the past to the present so does

  • the Millennium bridge. The past St Paul's Cathedral to the present Tate Modern. I got

  • that tip from a very wise teacher who I used to work with called Jo Greenyer. Genius stuff.

  • Now let's put the present perfect into some example sentences to show you that balance

  • between the past and the present and how it links he two together. So how do we form the

  • present perfect? Let's have a look. The structure of the present perfect is have or has plus

  • the past participle. That's the third verb. So for example eat, ate, eaten, eaten is the

  • one we want. Or sing , sang, sung, sung is the verb that we want so it's the past participle.

  • In the negative we use have or has and then not and then the past participle. Often we

  • contract the negative so it's haven't or hasn't. You can also use never so 'I have never been

  • to Italy, Or 'She has never gone to Sweden' for example. So the negative can be formed

  • in two different ways. Question forms we put the auxiliary at the beginning so it's have

  • then the subject and then the past participle. So 'Have you ever been to China?' That's how

  • we form the question. The answer to the question would be yes, I have or No, I haven't. One

  • of the most common uses of the present perfect is to talk about our life experiences and

  • to link the past with the present . So for example 'I've lived in Spain, Argentina and

  • Hong Kong.' I'm using the present perfect there I have lived, ok? I have lived and those

  • situations all happened in the past, they are part of my life experience and possibly

  • I might go on to live in other countries. So they are past experiences that are still

  • true now, it's still true now that I have had these experiences. The time period we

  • are looking at here, my whole life. My entire life. One thing that's important to know about

  • the present perfect is we usually don't say the time. We don't mention when something

  • happened. The experience could have happened at any time. So in that sentence 'I've lived

  • in Spain, Argentina and Hong Kong.' I don't tell you when. The idea that it's in my life

  • at some point but that's important to know. Now I'm going to do another lesson on this

  • because I think this s really important for you guys to know and understand. Because it

  • covers so many useful topics of conversation. Talking about our life experiences, finding

  • out more information about those that's really natural. You do it so often in your day to

  • day life.And of course there are lots of other ways that we can use the present perfect and

  • I will be doing more videos related to it so if you would like to see another present

  • perfect video about how we use it in different ways then hit the like button, hit the subscribe

  • button, hit the notification bell and tell me in the comments below. 'Tom I want another

  • present perfect lesson' and I will make one for you. Guys I hope you enjoyed that lesson,

  • I hope found useful linking the Millennium bridge to the present perfect. Having that

  • visual reminder of what the present perfect is for. When Jo told me about that idea, I

  • loved it straight away and I have told all my students about it ever since just to help

  • them to kind of visualise the concept of the present perfect. Alright guys thank you so

  • much for hanging out with me. Remember I've got new videos every Tuesday and every Friday

  • helping you take your English to the next level. But until next time, this is Tom, the

  • Chief Dreamer, saying goodbye.

Eat Sleep Dreamers if you want to know how this famous London landmark can help you learn

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A2 present perfect present perfect millennium st paul participle


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    Summer posted on 2020/06/08
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