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  • (upbeat electronic music)

  • - Hello everyone and welcome back to English With Lucy.

  • Today, I've got a very short little lesson,

  • but I'm hoping to correct an error

  • that I hear and see a lot of you make,

  • especially students that have Spanish

  • as their mother tongue.

  • So, this lesson might not be relevant for everybody.

  • You might watch this and say

  • "Lucy, do you think we're stupid?"

  • But no, I started teaching Spanish students,

  • because I was teaching in Spain, and I always saw

  • that they really, really struggled with this,

  • because Spanish does not have the same structure

  • as English regarding this particular grammar point.

  • Yours, however, might do.

  • So, if you get through this video

  • and you find it irrelevant,

  • every grammar topic can be relevant for everyone.

  • Before we can started, I just wanted to

  • remind you to sign up to Audible.com.

  • You can get a free 30-day trial and audiobook,

  • which is worth rather a lot of money,

  • by signing up, clicking on the link below.

  • I've given out a couple of recommendations,

  • I really recommend the Harry Potter books,

  • they are fantastic, and also I found out

  • that you can have the complete Sherlock Holmes collection

  • read by Stephen Fry, who is one of my favourite comedians.

  • He speaks with Received Pronunciation,

  • he's got excellent pronunciation, he speaks clearly.

  • I have left the link for that particular collection

  • of audiobooks down below as well.

  • I recommended it in a previous video

  • and you guys seemed to really, really like it,

  • so I thought I would mention it again.

  • The one great thing about audiobooks is

  • you can practise your listening,

  • but you can also practise your pronunciation,

  • because you're listening to a native person read the book.

  • And if you buy the actual book as well,

  • it's like you've got a complete listening exercise.

  • Anyway, let's start with the lesson.

  • Today, I'm going to talk about

  • the difference between is and it's.

  • Now, before we get started,

  • I want to just quickly talk to you

  • about the pronunciation of these two words.

  • Because I hear a lot of people saying "ees," "eets."

  • Both of these are incorrect.

  • It should be firstly "ih," a short vowel sound.

  • Not "ee," "ih."

  • So that's the first mistake corrected.

  • "Ih," not "ee," "ih."

  • Stop the voice with your throat.

  • "Ih," "ih.

  • "Ee," "ih."

  • Okay?

  • See if you can guess what I'm going to talk about next,

  • regarding the pronunciation of the two words.

  • Is.

  • It's.

  • Is.

  • It's.

  • They end with a different phoneme,

  • even though the phonemes are represented by the letter S.

  • So is is a voiced, "zzz," sound;

  • it's, unvoiced "sss" sound.

  • So "iss" doesn't exist.

  • It's is, is, it's.

  • Is, it's.

  • Now if you apply this to your speech,

  • you will instantly sound more native.

  • Now the next error that I want to correct

  • with these two little words

  • is the repetition of the subject.

  • Don't repeat the subject.

  • Spain it's wonderful.

  • Spain is wonderful.

  • Which one is correct?

  • What is the subject of this sentence?

  • The subject is Spain.

  • If I say "Spain it's wonderful,"

  • I'm actually saying "Spain it is wonderful,"

  • and that means I've got two subjects.

  • I have repeated the subject.

  • So the it is not necessary.

  • Spain, subject, is wonderful.

  • Now, compare these two sentences:

  • Today is sunny.

  • Today it is sunny.

  • What's the difference?

  • Which one is incorrect?

  • Neither of them are incorrect.

  • Both of them are correct.

  • Today it is sunny.

  • "It" refers to the weather.

  • Today is sunny.

  • A very slight difference, so be careful with that.

  • What does the "it" refer to?

  • Another error that I hear made by Spanish speakers a lot

  • is "no is," okay?

  • I had a wonderful, wonderful student, an amazing academic.

  • If you gave him anything to do with computers,

  • he would just sort it out, it was amazing.

  • But he couldn't get it into his head that it's not "no is."

  • It is "it's not," or "isn't."

  • But because in Spanish you say "no es," "no es asi,"

  • some people's brains want to say in English "no is,"

  • because it sounds so similar, doesn't it?

  • "No es," "no is," "no es," "no is."

  • But this isn't, isn't, isn't the case.

  • If I was to say "No es, no es el," for example,

  • I have to say "It's not him,"

  • or "It isn't him."

  • I can't say "No is him."

  • It doesn't exist.

  • Now, for some people that might seem quite basic.

  • It's hard not to translate things

  • directly from your own language.

  • "No," "no."

  • "Es," "is."

  • I can totally understand why a Spanish speaker

  • would translate "no es" as "no is,"

  • but take it from me, it's not correct,

  • and if you want to speak and sound like a native,

  • then you need to start saying "it isn't, isn't."

  • She isn't nice.

  • It isn't good.

  • It's not fair.

  • Right, so the points you need to take away

  • from today's lesson.

  • Pronunciation.

  • It's, is.

  • It's, is.

  • "It's" is "it is" together.

  • So "is" has no subject, and "it's" has the subject.

  • "It" is the subject.

  • "It" is the subject in "it's."

  • Hoo, this is quite a difficult topic to explain!

  • It seems so simple, but actually it's not simple.

  • The next point, be very, very careful

  • when repeating the subject.

  • Do you need to repeat it?

  • The answer is almost always no.

  • Spain is different.

  • Spain it's different.

  • Which one is it?

  • It's "is," because Spain is the subject.

  • And then the final point,

  • with the negative, it's never "no is,"

  • it is always "it is not," "it's not," "it isn't."

  • That's it for today's lesson.

  • Don't forget to sign up for your free trial at Audible,

  • and download your free audiobook

  • by clicking on the link down below.

  • Also, don't forget to connect with me

  • on all of my social media.

  • I've got my Facebook and my Instagram, and also my Twitter.

  • I will see you soon for a another lesson, mwah.

  • (upbeat electronic music)

(upbeat electronic music)

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A2 spain subject ih spanish pronunciation wonderful

IS or IT'S - Most Common English Errors | English Grammar & Pronunciation Mistakes

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    Summer posted on 2020/06/08
Video vocabulary