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  • A Supreme Court decision concerning race and college admissions.

  • It`s our first story today on CNN STUDENT NEWS. We are happy to have you watching.

  • Back in 2006, 58 percent of voters in the state of Michigan decided that race shouldn`t factor into college admissions.

  • That public colleges can`t give preferential treatment to people based on race, gender or where they are from.

  • But last year, a lower court struck down the law saying it violates the U.S. Constitution`s guarantees of equal protection.

  • Well, this went to the Supreme Court, the final legal authority in the U.S.

  • It ruled six to two that the lower court didn`t have the right to overturn Michigan`s law.

  • So, it wasn`t a decision directly about affirmative action, but about who has the power to resolve the controversy.

  • Because of the ruling, Michigan`s law against preferential treatment can`t stay in place.

  • Yesterday, the high court also heard the case involving Aereo.

  • It`s a company that allows subscribers to watch and record TV channels without having to get cable, which is more expensive.

  • Aereo has thousands of TV antennas.

  • They captured the free over the air signals of TV stations, connect them to a DVR and then allows subscribers to watch them from a mobile device.

  • Now, it`s time for the nine justices of the Supreme Court to rule on whether Aereo is legal or not.

  • On Tuesday, the justices heard oral arguments in this case, which has been bubbling up for two years.

  • Ever since Aereo came on to the market in New York City offering customers a new way to watch over the airwaves television stations via the Internet.

  • Aereo charges $8 a month, and it disrupts the existing ecosystem for television in the United States.

  • . Because stations, local stations in New York City have gotten used to receiving retransmission fees from cable and satellite companies that want to rebroadcast their content.

  • While Aereo works around that system, it has its own array of tiny antennas that allow customers to watch TV without having to pay for cable or satellite and thus,

  • without having to pay for those retransmission fees.

  • All of the broadcasters say, this is a blatant copyright violation.

  • And here on Tuesday, we heard a vigorous debate about what Aereo really is.

  • The broadcasters say it`s a gimmick that should be essentially ruled to be illegal and made extinct.

  • Aereo says it`s - this is not about copyright at all.

  • They say what they are doing is perfectly legal because of the way they`ve set up the array of antennas.

  • Here in court, Aereo`s attorney argued they are just an equipment supplier.

  • They just provide the same kind of technology that you could buy at RadioShack, but then they hook it up on the Internet so you can watch it from anywhere.

  • The broadcasters` attorney on the other hand, argue that it is much more than that.

  • That it is really a pirate cable-like system that is stealing their signals without permission and then providing them to customers and charging for it.

  • Most of the questions from the Justices revolved around a couple of key points:

  • one is about the idea of public performance.

  • Aereo says what they are doing is a private performance, but the broadcasters say, under the copyright law,

  • what Aereo does is a public performance of their copyrighted content.

  • Both sides come out here to the Supreme Court steps after the hearing to speak about what they saw happened.

  • They are obviously concerned about the consequences, both for the broadcast industry and for other technologies,

  • but I think they also understand that there is fundamental difference between a service that provides content in the first instance and something that provides simply essentially a stored service.

  • We are cautiously optimistic based on the way the hearing went today that the court understood that when a person watching over the air broadcast television in his or her home is engaging in a private performance,

  • and not a public performance that would implicate the copyright act.

  • The justices will rule at some point in the next two months, and until then Aereo will remain in limbo.

  • Also in the news today, it`s been just over a month since a tremendous landslide swept over part of a community in Washington State.

  • As the area was having of its most rain soaked months ever,

  • a giant filled of land slipped, rushing downhill over homes and roads killing dozens of people.

  • The search has been incredibly challenging.

  • Is this the last zone to be searched?

  • No. It`s not the last zone.

  • The work seems never ending. It`s been one month since a mountainside plunged into the town of Oso, Washington.

  • Searcher Ben Woodward took us right into the heart of the slide.

  • What was here before the landslide?

  • You know, houses, sparse houses, trees.

  • We walked along what was once a highway, the surroundings don`t even resemble the community that once flourished here.

  • Yet this is progress.

  • It was six foot under water or so right where we are standing.

  • Water and mud still creating the biggest challenges for this search crews.

  • We are told water was above my head when that landslide first hit.

  • What they`ve had to do is create a water channel with pumps to be able to move the water out of this area just to give search crews access to look here.

  • Special machinery like this floating excavator just arrived to help search for the missing in the obstacle-filled wreckage.

  • This gives you an idea of what search crews are up against, logs, mud, piles of debris stuck 20 to 40 feet high in some places.

  • This gives you an idea of what search crews are up against, logs, mud, piles of debris stuck 20 to 40 feet high in some places.

  • The slow, sloppy and dangerous work comes with an emotional toll:

  • so far at least 41 victims have been recovered in a disaster zone.

  • A Washington spruce tree left standing in the middle of the slide area now serves as a makeshift memorial to honor lives lost.

  • This is a special place for the searchers that are out here?

  • Absolutely.

  • Woodward says it provides the source of strength for the ongoing recovery effort.

  • It`s Worldwide Wednesday on the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call.

  • That means we are going to places like India where we are glad to be part of the school day at Oberoi International School in Mumbai.

  • We are also online in a two-room school house in Manitoba, Canada.

  • Hello to our viewers at the San Antonio school in Bissett.

  • And at the Green Gates School, a British international school in Mexico, it`s great to see everyone in the capitol of Mexico City.

  • On April 20, 2010 the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded in the Gulf of Mexico.

  • 11 workers were killed and in the month after that, about 210 million gallons of oil leaked from the well underneath the rig.

  • This was the worst oil slip in U.S. history, and the oil company BP has paid out billions to those affected because it was found partly responsibly for the disaster.

  • This is what some Gulf coast beaches looked like in the spring and summer of 2010.

  • Oil sheen covered the surface of the Gulf and clogged the back bays.

  • And cleanup crews outnumbered tourists.

  • And unless you were here in the middle of it, just no way to understand what our community went through.

  • Orange Beach Mayor Tony Kennon remembers the nightmare, but says in the past four years, progress has been made.

  • Kennon say overall, he`s pleased with how BP has handled the cleanup,

  • but the mayor still doesn`t have a lot of admiration for BP.

  • The British Petroleum has done some good things, and we appreciate those - let`s don`t get carried away, you know, they are mindless faceless a (ph) more entity whose sole purpose is to make money.

  • the environmental impacts of the oil spill are still visible, and we`ll be for years.

  • Balls of tar continue to wash up in Orange Beach and gulf shores on a regular basis, especially after heavy storms.

  • This is video from Gulf shores, Alabama in February. Tar balls littering the coastline for hundreds of yards.

  • The amount of tar balls that washing on shore varies from location to location,

  • The amount of tar balls that washing on shore varies from location to location, and from day to day.

  • For example, a check of several beeches this weekend couldn`t find any tar balls.

  • Locals seem to be pleased with B.P.s restoration efforts.

  • I think they`ve done a very good job because you can see that the beaches are beautiful (INAUDIBLE) again.

  • We got a lot of people coming down and join at the - so, I`ve got no complaints whatsoever.

  • We probably lost about $200,000.

  • Countless businesses were impacted by the oil spill.

  • A few folded and closed their doors, others lost tens of thousands of dollars.

  • We have had people that have shown up down here.

  • We`ve talked to they`ve never been in the area before, and it`s because I saw the commercials and things like that.

  • And they really don`t (INAUDIBLE) for it, but I still - in my opinion, I think they need to do a little more.

  • The impacts of the oil spill are slowly fading.

  • Life is getting back to normal here.

  • The locals are taking the gun, but never forgotten the approach when remembering what happened to you in 2010.

  • The title of this last video pretty much sums itself up:

  • The title of this last video pretty much sums itself up:

  • The title of this last video pretty much sums itself up:

  • dog barking at herself, barking at herself, barking at herself. And it sure does growl on you.

  • This YouTube clip is adogable.

  • Is sure gets her hackles up, and there is no paws in the action.

  • We are not sure what upsets her so much or why she hasn`t figured out that it`s herself barking at herself.

  • Whatever the case, something doesn`t passed the sniff test.

  • She should probably see a barkevioral therapist.

  • Maybe even a psychologist.

  • Maybe even a psychologist.

  • There`s got to be some kind of dogtor that can help with her animalisis, get her barking at the right tree or determine if she needs rehabarkitation.

  • I`m Carl Azuz, and we are snout of time, but you nose where to find us tomorrow.

A Supreme Court decision concerning race and college admissions.

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April 23, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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