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  • If you've been anywhere near a computer screen recently,

  • you've likely seen the ads tosupercharge your brainusing these 5 simple memory tricks.

  • The truth is, these memory hacks don't actually work,

  • otherwise, they wouldn't be hacks, and they would just be the norm

  • everyone would be using them.

  • I'll show you what actually works, and more importantly,

  • when and how to use each memorization technique depending on the content that you're studying.

  • Dr. Jubbal, MedSchoolInsiders.com

  • When you're learning information in college or in medical school,

  • there's a lot to go through.

  • Some information makes intuitive sense,

  • and because it's easy to understand,

  • your probability of remembering it is quite high

  • As often as possible,

  • you should try to understand why things occur in certain ways,

  • as this will reduce the need for special memory techniques.

  • Most information, however, will require an intentional strategy and technique to accelerate memorization.

  • We want to strike that optimal balance of understanding and intuition with memory techniques.

  • None of these techniques are fully generalizable to all learning scenarios,

  • and practicing a deliberate strategy with when and how you use each one will serve you well.

  • The goal in using these techniques is to get to the point where you no longer need them.

  • The images may fade with time, as you no longer practice them,

  • but the underlying information that you need to know should remain.

  • For example, I used mnemonics or memory palaces to memorize particularly challenging anatomy concepts,

  • but now I no longer need to, as I simply know the anatomy.

  • Not all memory techniques are created equal.

  • Therefore, it's important to understand their relative strengths and weaknesses,

  • and know when to use each one, based on the information you're trying to memorize

  • and the reason that you're struggling with it.

  • Let's start with everyone's favorite,

  • the Memory Palace,

  • also known as method of loci.

  • Lociis simply the plural form oflocus”,

  • and it references the technique in using spatial memory to quickly and efficiently recall information.

  • We'll use multiple loci, or locations, to help us string together important bits of information.

  • It's a great technique, and I used it extensively as a medical student,

  • but this technique is abused by self-help gurus

  • who like to show off by memorizing a list of names or random objects.

  • While this is a useful technique,

  • it's not some magical mystical secret that will instantly earn you perfect grades.

  • This is the most advanced memory tool

  • and I save it for pieces of information that are not sticking by traditional means.

  • I don't use it for everything I come across, and I recommend you also use it sparingly.

  • I relied on this primarily to encode bits of information that weren't sticking via flashcards

  • and didn't always fit well with mnemonics, such as the constellation of adverse effects from a medication.

  • The memory palace technique has a few distinct advantages,

  • namely that it facilitates organization and sequencing.

  • For example, if you were to choose your school's courtyard

  • as the exclusive area for memorizing the forms of nephrotic syndrome,

  • then you can choose spatial areas within or closely related to this area to further organize subtopics,

  • like other renal pathologies.

  • Additionally, proper use of the memory palace helps you chunk information,

  • meaning dividing a large set of information into smaller bits that are each individually easier to memorize.

  • For example, if you want to memorize a phone number,

  • it's much easier as 391 - 490 - 9429

  • versus three billion nine hundred and fourteen million, nine hundred and nine thousand

  • four hundred and twenty-nine

  • If the order of a set of items is important,

  • the memory palace serves additional utility as it naturally orders events in a properly mapped out locus.

  • Spatially, you move from A to B to C

  • and can, therefore, memorize the order of your items accordingly.

  • If you would like me to make a dedicated video on these steps in creating a memory palace,

  • and walk you through a real-life example, let me know with a comment down below.

  • Otherwise, I'll leave you with this truncated version.

  • First, consider what comes up initially when you first hear about a topic.

  • Pay attention to the words and concepts,

  • and see if they remind you or have associations with specific ideas, objects, or areas.

  • Using a locus that you more naturally associate with the topic will strengthen your palace.

  • This memory hook is how you will retrieve the palace when you think about the concept.

  • For example, take Wilson's disease,

  • you may use the memory palace on the beach, with a volleyball named Wilson from the movie Castaway

  • with Tom Hanks.

  • As you move through this familiar space,

  • imagine a variety of events happening,

  • each of which represents a piece of information that you're trying to memorize.

  • Going back to Wilson's disease,

  • I imagine walking up to a Mazda 787B race car that's stranded on the beach,

  • to remind me that a mutation in the ATP7B gene is the cause of Wilson's disease.

  • Tom Hanks is laying on top, vomiting over the side with a distended abdomen and yellow skin,

  • reminding me of some of the liver-related findings.

  • And so on.

  • The more ridiculous, obnoxious, and shocking your imagery is, the more likely it is to stick.

  • That being said, if you're not a car enthusiast, and the Mazda 787B race car isn't iconic to you,

  • then obviously do not use it. Find what is personally relevant and memorable to you.

  • Don't be too reliant on memory palaces.

  • In medicine, and in many classes, you need to recall information from multiple domains,

  • and then synthesize and apply said information to solve a problem.

  • If all the information were located in memory palaces,

  • it gets tedious to visit multiple separate loci to extract the information you need.

  • I recommend you reserve this for information that you're struggling with

  • and that isn't well suited to flashcards or simple mnemonics.

  • Now, everyone loves mnemonics.

  • If you ever learned about PEMDAS in grade school, then you've used mnemonics as well.

  • Mnemonics include memory aids that can be rhymes, poems, acronyms, images, or other tools.

  • Let's start with images, as these share some common DNA with the memory palace.

  • Think of an image based mnemonic as simply a less intricate form of the method of loci.

  • For example, for the drug tamoxifen, I had difficulty memorizing the adverse effects.

  • For that reason, I imagined my friend's sister, Tammy,

  • with a variety of strange physical findings to remind me of the side effects.

  • Normally, with the method of loci, we're using multiple images in a single space.

  • However, even in this image-based mnemonic with a single image,

  • placing it in a location helps us to strengthen the association with an additional anchor.

  • I find that mnemonics are best suited for information that doesn't make intuitive sense,

  • such as an ordered list of items. For example, memorizing the branches of the external carotid.

  • My mnemonic went like this: Some Anatomists Like Fking, Others Prefer S&M.

  • From there, I could remember the order and names of the branches without issue.

  • Which brings me to the next point

  • How memorable is your Mnemonic?

  • Just like the memory palace, using a vulgar, obscene, or ridiculous mnemonic

  • is much more likely to be memorable.

  • There are several pre-made mnemonics you'll come across, especially for anatomy.

  • Choose the one that resonates the most with you or even create your own.

  • The inappropriate dirty ones were particularly memorable for me,

  • like the branches of the external carotid.

  • Anki is a flashcard app,

  • using principles of spaced repetition and active recall to rapidly accelerate memory consolidation.

  • This is the default for most information that I try to memorize.

  • Over 90% goes into Anki,

  • and the particularly challenging bits of information are redirected to the more advanced

  • memory techniques of mnemonics and memory palace.

  • Most people who start off using Anki don't use it properly,

  • and end up getting burned out or finding little utility in it.

  • It actually took me a couple years until I was making good Anki flashcards.

  • I have a playlist everyone using Anki should watch.

  • We start from the basics on how to use Anki

  • and work up to advanced concepts such as how to actually create good flashcards.

  • What I want to focus on here is that it's important you use Anki

  • to review your mnemonics and memory palaces.

  • After creating a mnemonic or memory palace, you won't magically remember it forever.

  • The way I recommend you approach this is to insert your mnemonic

  • or a summary of your memory palace into the Extra or Answer field of your Anki card for that relevant topic.

  • Let's say you have an Anki card for a component of nephrotic syndrome.

  • On the answer side, you'll obviously have your answer but also have a reference to the mnemonic

  • or memory palace that includes the fact you were testing yourself on.

  • This is a seamless way to encourage reviewing the memory device at the right frequency

  • not too much and not too little

  • I also recommend you have a tag, likemnemonicin Anki, so that you can quickly reference

  • or edit your cards or even do a custom study session just reviewing your mnemonics and palaces.

  • I also have a Master Mnemonic & Memory Palace List as a separate note with in Evernote.

  • Any time I felt a certain mnemonic or palace was fuzzy,

  • I could quickly reference this list and brush up on it.

  • Lastly, teach your friends during your group study sessions about your memory devices.

  • This doesn't only help you consolidate the information, but you also help your friends in the process.

  • Talk about a win-win.

  • If you found any part of this video useful,

  • help us out with a thumbs up to keep the YouTube gods happy.

  • Also, if you like tips like these, check our my weekly newsletter available at

  • MedSchoolInsiders.com/newsletter

  • It has weekly lessons learned, study tools, music and other bits designed to

  • benefit students that want to optimize their productivity and get better grades.

  • Thank you all so much for watching. Much love to you all and I will see you guys in that next one.

If you've been anywhere near a computer screen recently,

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B1 memory palace mnemonic anki information memorize

How I Memorized Everything & Aced Medical School | 3 Memory Techniques

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    Summer posted on 2020/04/26
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