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  • You`re halfway through the week, nine days into April and ten minutes away from being up to speed on current events. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • First up, President Obama signed two executive orders yesterday concerning equal pay.

  • Basically, the orders are intended to make it easier for people to find out how much money others are making so they can decide if they`re being paid fairly.

  • The president says this will help women earn similar pay to men.

  • But like all executive orders, they`re limited: they only apply to companies that do work for the U.S. government.

  • Broader action would require Congress.

  • Laws requiring equal pay have been around since 1963.

  • The Equal Pay Act prohibits businesses from paying people differently because of their gender.

  • Still, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, American women working full-time today earn about 82 cents for every dollar men earn.

  • This can depend on the type of job.

  • This can depend on the type of job.

  • Full-time female lawyers, for instance, earn about 79 cents to every dollar male lawyers earn.

  • But among pharmacists, the pay is about equal between women and men.

  • Women are also more likely to work part-time and take time off to care for their families, so these things factor into the gap, as well.

  • Time for the Shoutout. What is measure in fathoms?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it distance in space, nautical speed, audio frequency or water depth? You`ve got three seconds. Go.

  • A fathom is a measurement of six feet, primarily used in measuring water depth.

  • That`s your answer, and that`s your Shoutout.

  • Optimism is fading for discovering what happened to Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.

  • It disappeared more than a month ago, and though several ships in the Indian Ocean, which is thousands of fathoms deep,

  • might have detected a ping, a signal from an aircraft`s flight data recorder, nothing has been heard since the weekend.

  • And officials aren`t even sure if what was detected was from the missing plane.

  • This would be a difficult search even if the ping were pinpointed.

  • Now I stress, this is very deep water.

  • Very deep and very mysterious.

  • Search vehicles may have to travel two and a half miles down to try and find aircraft wreckage.

  • And much about the ocean floor is unknown.

  • It is a mystery. It`s very -- we know it`s deep. It`s 4,500 meters.

  • Christine Dennison is an ocean explorer.

  • She says what adds to the mystery is the terrain.

  • You have valleys. You have gulleys. You have mountain ranges.

  • It`s very much an area that will mimic what we have topside.

  • This is what searchers are trying to find with acoustic events, or pings:

  • the black box. In air, sound travels in a straight line.

  • But it`s not like that in the sea. It can angle and bend up to 90 degrees.

  • That means you can`t be exactly sure where the sound is coming from.

  • Acoustic energy, sound through the water, is greatly affected by temperature, pressure and salinity.

  • If Ocean Shield hears another ping and is able to fix the position,

  • it will likely lower the autonomous underwater vehicle Bluefin-21 into the water and attempt to find wreckage on the sea floor.

  • If wreckage is located, though, one aspect of the deep-sea conditions may work in investigators` favor: very low temperatures.

  • Cold water does preserve everything much, much better than shallower, warmer temperatures.

  • The search for Flight MH-370 continues.

  • It`s World Wide Wednesday on the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call.

  • It`s when we head to countries like Italy to recognize the students at Lycee Chateaubriand de Rome in the Italian capital. Thanks for watching.

  • Next, in the U.K., where we`re happy to be online at Lockley (ph) Heath Middle School. That`s in England, United Kingdom.

  • And across the Atlantic, good to see our Canadian viewers in Ajax, Ontario.

  • They`re checking out CNN STUDENT NEWS from Alexander Graham Bell Public School.

  • Monday, April 21, less than two weeks from now, the city of Boston will host its annual marathon.

  • Thirty-six thousand people are expected to run,

  • a symbolic victory in itself a year after two terrorist bombings at the race`s finish line killed three people and injured more than 260.

  • One victim, a dance instructor who lost part of a leg, has been able to walk and dance again, leaning on the support of her city.

  • And now, we welcome back the inspiring couple who embody the phrase Boston Strong, Adrianne Haslet-Davis and United States Air Force Major Adam Davis.

  • One, two, three. Play ball!

  • Since the marathon, I`ve had a huge outpouring of support from Boston and beyond.

  • Adrianne Haslet-Davis.

  • We got to go through the tunnel at the season opener at Gillette Stadium for the Pats.

  • I was invited to wave the flag at the Bruins play-off game. It was a Boston Strong flag.

  • The city lifted us up, and the city almost bent over backward to do whatever they could for us.

  • And then just also other sense of community.

  • I mean, it -- we`ve met some great people after this who have been -- just opened their hearts to us.

  • Red Sox, woo!

  • Just being able to be in that Red Sox parade, it feels like we won the World Series.

  • I feel like we, as a city, won it.

  • It wasn`t just the guys on the field. It felt like all of us were on the field when they won.

  • And I think that can only happen in Boston.

  • It just really hit home with Boston, to say yes, we`ve got the attacks that happened to us, but we`re not going to let that define us.

  • It`s going to be our recovery that`s going to be the defining moment.

  • Boston Strong means just how a group of people can come together and fight back with kindness and generosity and outpouring of support.

  • And what you`ll get from that, what I`ve received from that, is pretty -- pretty incredible.

  • Another thing that helped Adrianne Haslet-Davis, a customized bionic leg developed at MIT.

  • It`s one example of medical research helping someone recover.

  • Another involves electrical stimulation, a potential breakthrough for people who have been paralyzed.

  • It has its limits: It won`t help people walk again, at least not yet.

  • But it does allow for voluntary movement, where previously, there was none.

  • Dustin Shillcox is paralyzed from the chest down.

  • OK, try to move your leg.

  • He can`t move even a tiny bit.

  • No.

  • But doctors implanted this device, sending electrical stimulation to his spine.

  • And when Dustin turns it on,

  • There you go. Yes.

  • Oh, my gosh. He can move on demand.

  • OK, right leg back.

  • And then forward.

  • That`s amazing.

  • When the stimulator`s turned off, Dustin can`t even sit up, because his torso muscles don`t work.

  • But turn it on, and Dustin can sit up without any support at all.

  • The first time I turned it on, it was exciting and emotional for me at the same.

  • Emotional because I was told that I`d never be able to walk or move my legs again.

  • Dustin is one of four patients in a new study published Tuesday.

  • Despite their gains, none can walk on their own.

  • The device works by activating one leg at a time.

  • It`s not the first time electrical stimulation has helped paralyzed patients.

  • But experts say this technique may become an important tool in the toolbox.

  • I think that what`s incredibly exciting is that we`ve opened up a realm of possibilities of what we can do now with people who are paralyzed.

  • And we`ve just scratched the surface.

  • Even if you don`t tend to put things off, it`s hard to avoid the temptation of procrastination.

  • A new study out of the University of Colorado, Boulder, says the tendency to procrastinate may be in our genes, part of it, anyway.

  • Researchers found that habitual procrastinators, people who do this all the time, can to some extent blame their parents.

  • But that only accounts for about half the reason for procrastination.

  • The other half could involve stress, an overbooked schedule, or slacker friends.

  • The study also found that those who procrastinate tend to be more impulsive, possibly prone to sudden, sometimes rash decisions.

  • Ways to avoid procrastinating: break down big projects into smaller ones.

  • Set aside time on paper for everything you have to do. And reward yourself for finishing tasks on time.

  • We would have told you about all this earlier in the show, but we put it off.

  • Before we go, some pretty fancy camerawork, though we`re not exactly sure how to describe it.

  • A German photojournalist took six GoPro cameras.

  • He attached them to his bike in such a way that they would give a 370- degree view.

  • Then he took a ride through a park.

  • The result is what looks like a miniature world scrolling all around him.

  • The video from all six cameras, all stitched together, makes the view complete.

  • He had to experiment with the idea before making it work, and he had no sphere of failing.

  • It`s a pretty well-rounded concept.

  • It makes a world of difference for people who play around with video.

  • You know, they all share a certain camera-derie.

  • We hope you enjoy the view, though we`re bike-ginning to run out of time.

  • We`re CNN STUDENT NEWS, and we`ll see you around.

You`re halfway through the week, nine days into April and ten minutes away from being up to speed on current events. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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April 9, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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