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  • Hello, my name is Elizabeth and I work for

  • the European Food Safety Authority in the area of

  • Genetically Modified Organisms, or as we call it in shortGMOs.

  • EFSA’s role in this area is to provide a scientific risk

  • assessment and to evaluate the safety of GM products.

  • Today I would like to talk to you about genetically

  • modified animals, but before we go into this topic,

  • let’s back-up a second and see what a GMO is:

  • and here the European legislation gives us a definition:

  • A GMO is an organism in which the genetic material

  • has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally.

  • So how can a GMO be created? I would like to give you a very simple example.

  • Let's assume that this is a bacterium with its genetic material,

  • and this would be the chromosome of another

  • organism, for example the chromosome of an animal.

  • Scientists can take a piece of the genetic material

  • of the bacterium and insert it into the chromosome of this animal.

  • This would then give rise to a genetically modified animal.

  • At the moment we have no products from genetically modified animals

  • on the European market, nor does EFSA have any

  • applications for the safety evaluation of such products.

  • But there are several developments worldwide to insert into different types

  • of farmland animalsdifferent characteristicsfor example, disease resistance.

  • I would like to briefly explain to you one example which is quite

  • advanced in the pipeline, and this is a genetically modified salmon.

  • This salmon grows faster than its non-genetically modified counterpart.

  • If such an application would come to the European Union,

  • EFSA would perform the risk assessment,

  • which means that we would use the comparative approach

  • to compare the GM salmon with its non-GM counterpart

  • and that means we would ask questions like:

  • what are the toxic elements? Are there any allergens?

  • Is this GM salmon as nutritious as its non-GM counterpart?

  • And based on all these elements, EFSA would then write

  • a so-called scientific opinion that evaluates the safety of this product.

  • We would provide this opinion to the policymakers,

  • to the European Commission, and to the Member States,

  • and it is then the European Commission and the Member States

  • that decide whether or not to authorise such a product for the European market.

  • EFSA itself is neither for nor against GMOs;

  • our role is to provide a scientific risk assessment on the safety of such products.

Hello, my name is Elizabeth and I work for

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B1 genetically modified genetically modified european salmon chromosome

What are GM animals?

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    吳曜任 posted on 2014/04/01
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