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  • - [David] Hello, readers.

  • Today, I'll make a video about summaries.

  • A summary retells the main ideas of a passage,

  • but in a much shorter version.

  • Cool, great, done, you can learn anything. David out.

  • (David snort-laughs. It is charming and not gross.)

  • Sorry, I made a goof, see,

  • I summarized what was gonna happen in this video,

  • right, I took the information I was gonna tell you,

  • and I shortened it.

  • This is what the skill of summarizing is.

  • I just applied it to this video instead of to a story.

  • When you summarize, you have to ask yourself,

  • what are the most important facts?

  • What are the most important details?

  • You're a reporter, a stringer, a journal,

  • your job is to get in, get the facts and get out.

  • It's the news in brief, just the facts, man.

  • Take The Three Little Pigs, for instance.

  • I'll summarize it now.

  • (clearing throat)

  • Three little pigs live in houses that they built.

  • One used straw, one used wood, and the third pig,

  • who worked hardest of all, built a brick house.

  • Along comes a big, bad wolf,

  • pictured here with a big, bad top hat,

  • and a big, bad house wrecking hammer, I don't know,

  • and he successfully knocks down the first two houses

  • in order to eat the pigs inside,

  • but they escaped to the brick house,

  • which the wolf is unable to knock down.

  • That's the important parts of the story,

  • and I bet I can even cut that down a little bit.

  • But here's what's there.

  • All the important characters,

  • all their major decisions,

  • and the outcome of the story.

  • We have the beginning, the middle and the end.

  • Now let me show you what too little information looks like.

  • There were three pigs.

  • They build houses.

  • A big, bad wolf tried to get them.

  • Not enough.

  • That's not enough information,

  • it doesn't tell us whether or not the wolf succeeded

  • or the important differences between the three pig houses.

  • Not enough as far as facts go.

  • You know, it's gotta be specific,

  • and look, it's possible to live

  • on the opposite direction too.

  • Too many irrelevant facts.

  • So there were three pigs.

  • One's name is Horace, another's name was Pansy,

  • and the third's name was Flustopher,

  • they had all been friends since middle school,

  • and when the market was in a good place,

  • all three of them decided to go in

  • for plots of land right next to each other.

  • Ah, right, but that's too much.

  • In a summary, I don't need the whole story.

  • If it were the whole story, it wouldn't be a summary.

  • It'll just be the whole story all over again.

  • Keep it simple.

  • We need the events of the story

  • in the order they happened in.

  • We need the characters and we need the problems they face,

  • and for a summary, that's kind of it.

  • You can learn anything; David out,

  • for real this time. Bye.

- [David] Hello, readers.

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B1 big bad summary bad wolf david brick summarize

Summarizing stories | Reading | Khan Academy

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/03/27
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