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  • - [David] Hello, readers.

  • Today, I'm going to be talking about the skill of summary,

  • which you might be familiar with in the form

  • of summarizing stories.

  • It's like a retelling, but shorter,

  • and in your own words.

  • This is an important skill, summarizing fiction,

  • but it's not what we're talking about today.

  • This kind of summarizing is used when you wanna sum up

  • the information in a nonfiction passage

  • like a magazine article, a book, a news story,

  • a scientific paper.

  • Most scientific papers begin with a quick retelling

  • of what the paper's about.

  • So say you're a scientist and you discovered

  • a cure for roboflu.

  • Let's say robots can get the flu, first of all.

  • And the abstract, the summary retelling

  • at the very beginning of your paper about your cure says,

  • "Hey, under these conditions, we learned

  • "that this medicine cures roboflu."

  • And then, the reader goes on to look at everything else

  • you've written in your long scholarly paper.

  • So how do you do it?

  • To make a summary, you will need your own words,

  • the order of events or information from the text,

  • and important details from the text.

  • So what's not in the summary?

  • Every last detail from the original text.

  • I think I first read something like this

  • in a Neil Gaiman novel, but here's the deal.

  • Imagine you were coming to visit me

  • and you asked me for a map of my neighborhood.

  • Now if I included every single detail in my map,

  • who lives next to me, every tuft of grass under a tree,

  • it would stop being a map and just become

  • a one-to-one scale drawing of my neighborhood.

  • In other words, it would be useless as a map.

  • A summary is a map of my neighborhood

  • with only the important bits in it,

  • my apartment, a metro stop, Rock Creek Park.

  • When we make a summary of a text,

  • we are in effect making a simple map of that text.

  • And it's your job to determine what details are necessary,

  • the most needed.

  • Like say somewhere deep in that paper

  • on how you discovered a cure for the roboflu,

  • you had written, "It was raining on the cold,

  • "the November day

  • "our team first identified the robomedicine."

  • Like would that be an important enough detail

  • to include in the summary?

  • I'd say no.

  • The big picture is that the team discovered the medicine,

  • not that it was raining when it happened.

  • But if the cure for robotflu involved garlic

  • and motor oil, yes, that's an important detail,

  • because it relates back to the big picture.

  • We discovered a medicine, and here's what's in it.

  • To conclude, let me summarize.

  • A summary is a short retelling of a piece of text

  • with only the important details included.

  • It's like a simple map of a place.

  • You can learn anything, David out.

- [David] Hello, readers.

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B1 summary map cure paper discovered medicine

Summarizing nonfiction | Reading | Khan Academy

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/03/27
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