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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about 10 abbreviations

  • you should know.

  • So first of all, what is an abbreviation? Well, here's a clue in the word. You have

  • the word "brev". "Brev" -- in other words, "brevity" -- it means to be short. So abbreviations

  • are words or sentences that we have made short, usually to save time. So for example, ASAP,

  • RSVP, RIP, BYOB, BBQ -- you see the pattern? We have capital letters, and they all stand

  • for something that's longer. So it's a short form of a word or a sentence. So let's look

  • at ten common abbreviations.

  • So the first one we have, "ASAP". What does this mean? "As soon as possible", okay? We

  • use this a lot when we're writing emails, letters, sometimes in conversation. "As soon

  • as possible" is long, so when we don't want to say "as soon as possible", we can shorten

  • it to "ASAP". What are some examples? "Email me ASAP." "Take our quiz ASAP." "Go see the

  • principal ASAP." So it just means to do something as quickly as you can. And this is a very

  • common expression.

  • Our second abbreviation, "RSVP". What does it mean, "RSVP"? It means, "Please reply."

  • Okay? So we often use this if you're invited to something. If, for example, I'm having

  • a birthday party, and I want all of you to come, I would ask you to RSVP. "Please RSVP

  • by Friday." This means, "Please reply. Please tell me you're coming by Friday." "Please

  • RSVP as soon as you can." "Please RSVP by next Saturday." So it means, again, "Please

  • send me a reply so I know you're coming." You, again, see this on invitations, any type

  • of invite, you will see this.

  • Our next common abbreviation, RIP. You may have seen this before. It means, "Rest in

  • peace." So when somebody passes away -- when somebody dies -- often on their tombstone,

  • you'll see "RIP", which stands for, "Rest in peace". If you're on Facebook, and someone

  • you know, maybe they lose a member of their family, they will often write, "RIP Fluffy"

  • if it's a cat; "RIP whoever it is". And it means, "Rest in peace." Okay? So this one

  • has to do with dying and death.

  • No. 4, "BYOB". This is common when we're talking about parties. And it means, "Bring your own

  • beer" or "bring your own booze". Beer, booze -- they're both alcoholic drinks. So "booze"

  • is any drink with alcohol in it. And so what that means is if you're invited to a party,

  • maybe the host doesn't have any alcoholic drinks, so they will tell you, "Bring your

  • own drinks." "Bring your own beer." "Bring your own wine." "BYOB" means "bring your own

  • alcohol". Okay? So it's a very common expression for parties.

  • No. 5, "BBQ". "BBQ" means "barbecue". What's a "barbecue"? It's a way we cook meat. It's

  • a way we cook food. You usually have a grill. You put maybe hamburgers, hot dogs on the

  • grill. You barbecue them. You can eat barbecued chicken, different types of barbecue. So "BBQ"

  • refers to a type of food or a party where they will serve hamburgers and hot dogs. So

  • let's check out five more abbreviations.

  • No. 6 on our list is "PIN". So a "PIN" is a password. Usually, you use it with your

  • bank. Maybe you have a debit card. You put it into a machine, and it asks you for your

  • PIN. "PIN" means "personal identity number". So it's a number; sometimes it's four digits;

  • sometimes it's six numbers. And it's pretty much a password.

  • No. 7. "E.g." is an abbreviation many people get confused with No. 8, "i.e." So I'll first

  • explain what "e.g." means. So notice first it's E dot G dot. It means "example", okay?

  • So when you're writing -- you don't use this in conversation. You don't say, "E.g. blah,

  • blah, blah, blah, blah." You use it for writing, specifically. Now, the way you use it is if

  • you're talking about something -- for example, "I want to tell you about all the animals

  • that lay eggs." Okay, so animals that lay eggs. I could say, "There are many animals

  • that lay eggs. E.g. chickens or hens, ducks -- I think platypuses, although I'm not exactly

  • sure about that one -- snakes, alligators, other birds, ostriches." So I used "e.g."

  • to show these are examples. Okay? So it means "example".

  • This is different from "i.e." -- I dot E dot -- which is used to add clarity to something.

  • So it means that you say something, and then you want to say it again but maybe in different

  • words. So that sort of means "that is". So you restate an idea. For example, "This happened

  • on Halloween, i.e. October 31st." Okay? So it just clarifies something. It makes something

  • more clear. You have the same point, but you're repeating it, in a sense, in different words.

  • Okay? So "i.e." does not mean "example".

  • No. 9, "etc." -- E-T-C. So again, that means "et cetera". And what does this mean? When

  • you're listing a bunch of different things, you have many, many things to say, you can

  • use this to mean "and so forth". Okay? So this -- seven, eight, and nine are all used

  • in writing, not in speech. If I read "etc.", an example of this would be, "Today, I went

  • grocery shopping. I bought many things. I bought eggs, bread, milk, chicken, juice,

  • etc." So it means I'm listing a long list -- instead of saying every single thing I

  • bought, which can take me a long time, "etc." means "and so forth". Okay? "I play many sports.

  • I play soccer; I play baseball, tennis, badminton, etc." Okay? So it means "and so forth".

  • Finally, No. 10, "ATM". What is an "ATM"? It stands for "automatic teller machine",

  • okay? "ATM" is a machine. You usually find it at the bank, or you can find it sometimes

  • in stores, on the street. And it's like a bank. You put in your debit card, and it gives

  • you money. So it's a machine that gives you money, and it's associated with your bank.

  • Okay? So you might ask, "Where's the closest ATM?" "Are there any ATMs in this mall?" Meaning,

  • "Are there any bank machines?" Okay?

  • So I hope you come and visit our website at www.engvid.com ASAP, okay? As soon as you

  • can. As soon as possible. There, you will find our quiz. You can practice all of these

  • abbreviations and more. So until next time.

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about 10 abbreviations

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B1 asap abbreviation bbq barbecue atm booze

Learn English: 10 abbreviations you should know

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    VoiceTube posted on 2014/03/04
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