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  • Happy to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • We`ve got a lot of ground to cover today, starting in Afghanistan.

  • The U.S. has more than 33,000 troops there, supporting the military mission that began in 2001.

  • Many of those troops will be coming home this year.

  • The question is, will some stay to train Afghan troops and help them fight terrorists?

  • The U.S. wants Afghan president Hamid Karzai to sign an agreement about this.

  • Because he hasn`t, President Obama is threatening to pull all U.S. troops out of Afghanistan by the end of December.

  • Why this is happening? It`s because the U.S. says it`s really running out of patience with Karzai.

  • He`s indicated he won`t sign that security agreement that would be the legal framework for troops to stay there after the end of 2014.

  • With no agreement, U.S. troops would have to go.

  • They can`t get him to sign, so President Obama publicly now saying plan for a full troop withdrawal.

  • A government official from Pakistan says that would be a mistake.

  • He says, without some U.S. troops in Afghanistan, the country would have a civil war.

  • Time for The Shoutout. What`s the only South American country whose official language is Portuguese?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out!Is it Argentina, Portugal, Brazil or Guyana?

  • There are several world nations whose official language is Portuguese. But the only one in South America is Brazil.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.

  • Favela is a Portuguese word dating back to the 1940s.

  • It translates to shantytown, or slum.

  • An event coming soon to Brazil could bring a lot of money to some of Rio de Janeiro favelas.

  • The FIFA World Cup, the biggest and most watched sporting event on the planet takes off on June 12.

  • It will play out in Brazil over a month, and as the supply goes down for places where can stay, demand goes up as do prices and opportunities.

  • Some of the best views in Rio from some of the cheapest rooms in town.

  • World Cup fans, take note: Rio de Janeiro`s one infamous shantytowns or favelas have opened their doors to tourists.

  • Dutch backpacker Michael Blommers says it`s the only way to go.

  • If they want to see the World Cup, want to see some football matches and - experience a true Brazilian life, they should really come to a favela and just check this out.

  • As the hostels along the beach, which usually go for around $40 will cost as much as $400 a night.

  • Many hotels will charge over $1,000.

  • But a bunk here at Alto Vigigal (ph) will cost just $65. Four times the normal price, but still, a bargain.

  • Cheapest price around, actually.

  • Still, in many ways, visitors really do have to slum it.

  • Garbage piles up along the roads, electricity, water and sewage services are spotty at best.

  • And transportation precarious.

  • And then, there is security.

  • Just a few years ago, Rio`s favelas were controlled by drug lords.

  • Police have since stormed many of them, so called pacification.

  • Driving out armed gangs in an effort to make it relatively safe for residents and visitors.

  • With all these tourists coming up here now, people have opened up shops in their own homes.

  • This guy right down here is selling handy crafts and then right up here, there is a new tapioca sandwich shop, which I have to say, sounds pretty good to me.

  • Let`s go try it.

  • People are opening up little hotels, because demand keeps growing, he says.

  • Indeed, upstairs his cousin has built a one bedroom that she`s going to rent for $500 during the World Cup.

  • In other favelas the pacification efforts have had mixed success.

  • In Hosigna (ph), Maria Clara Du Santos, says she could hear the recent shootouts from her terrace.

  • She rents rooms in her bright yellow house to foreign tourists.

  • And she says safety depends on knowing where and where not to go.

  • That hasn`t stopped visitors in search of a more authentic experience and, of course, the great views.

  • Shasta Darlington, CNN, Rio de Janeiro.

  • At the beginning of black history month, we explored some inspiring words from African American historic figures.

  • As February wraps up, we are reporting on some of those who were making a difference today.

  • We`ll start with a pair of politically minded people. First, meet Chelsea Henry.

  • She`s been named a rising start by the Republican National Committee.

  • Last year, she spoke at the Conservative Political Action Conference and two years ago, she was the youngest Republican delegate to the party`s national convention.

  • Next, meet Atima Omara. She`s the first African American to lead the young Democrats for America.

  • And in 2013, she was named one of Ebony magazines Power 100. It honors some of the world`s emerging leaders.

  • Here`s Kimberly Bryan. She started a program called Black Girls Code, which we`ve covered before on our show.

  • Bryan`s program teaches computer coding to young people.

  • She says her students are able to take what they learn from their classes and use it to advance in other areas of their lives.

  • It takes a great deal of character to leave the people you love to serve the country you love.

  • And while we love to show military homecomings usually involving U.S. service men and women surprising their kids,

  • today`s character study is about how students celebrated an airman and a teacher at Linda Jobe Middle School in Mansfield, Texas.

  • Each of you are a participant today.

  • Call it a well-executed mission at Linda Jobe Middle School.

  • With students assembled, his wife waiting in the shadows, Air Force tech sergeant Troy Harvey walked in to one surprising pep rally. His own.

  • Student council members planned the whole thing.

  • To let their beloved teacher and coach know how much he was missed during his four months in Afghanistan.

  • (INAUDIBLE) as we celebrate that his return, please stand and put your hearts up for Harvey.

  • It`s a message that Air Force veteran clearly received, time and time again.

  • They go to the trouble they did to set this up, and to express their things and love. It`s just amazing.

  • I`m physically relaxing, probably for the first time in about four months.

  • Principal Elizabeth Hostin says her football, basketball and leadership coach has a calming presence that permeates the school.

  • Having him here just gives all of us a sense of piece and comfort.

  • So, having him back in their hallways?

  • He`s just like a ball of joy, like. He brings happiness wherever he comes.

  • Students say now that is the perfect reason to cheer.

  • Let`s see who is watching us there. It`s time for the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call.

  • Pocatello High School, home of the Indians. You are on today`s roll. Glad to have you online in Pocatello, Idaho.

  • How about Hinesburg? It`s in Vermont. It`s where the red hogs are checking us out at Champlain Valley Union High School and in the Orange State, it`s the bull dogs day.

  • Hi to the students of Crestview High School in Crestview, Florida.

  • Undulatus Asperatus, also known as River of the Sky.

  • It`s a lot easier to say that nickname and it`s a lot cooler to look at.

  • Check this out. These undulating waves of clouds rolled over Atlanta, Georgia the other morning.

  • Though they are often seen in the plain states, they are not common in the American southeast.

  • And scientists aren`t sure what causes them. They think it`s either a cold front meeting a warm front or a dry front meeting a humid one.

  • They do agree it`s a meeting of two fronts.

  • And whatever the right answer is, it was beautiful to those people who weren`t scared by it,

  • and it gave us, commuters something to look out besides traffic, which sometimes moves slower than the clouds.

  • You can`t really call it a fish story, but it is a sight to see.

  • This dolphin named Chance is an artist, by chance. His brush is custom-made using a pool noodle.

  • His masterpiece is made by mouth. He is a rescue.

  • Chance was found three years ago, stranded on an Alabama beach.

  • He`s been recovering at the Institute for Marine Mammal Studies in Mississippi.

  • His rehabilitation has allowed him to brush up on some new skills. He`s a regular Leonardo Dolphinci.

  • A Paul Cezanne. A Fincent Van Gogh. A Marine Cassatt (ph), an Edward Flipper, a Georges Seurat (ph).

  • Teaching him to paint with a stroke of genius, we`re sure he has a massive fin club.

  • Art critics need to get in the swim, because this mammalian Matisse isn`t taking a dive. He`s making waves, yo.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Happy to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

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February 27, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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