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  • Welcome back to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of commercial-free headlines for the classroom.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for watching.

  • First up today, unrest in Venezuela. South American country is officially a federal republic.

  • That means, the central government`s power is limited and voters may choose their representatives.

  • But in recent years, the power of Venezuela`s government has increased.

  • It`s moved towards socialism, taking over control of TV stations, food companies, oil companies.

  • The country`s president Nicolas Maduro has followed in the footsteps of former president Hugo Chavez.

  • A controversial leader who envisioned a socialist Venezue

  • The U.S. State Department recently said it was concerned about protests going on in the country.

  • Afterward, Venezuelan President Maduro kicked out three U.S. diplomats, and the protests continue.

  • The streets of Caracas have resembled a war zone.

  • Thousands of anti-government protesters met with water cannons and armed security forces.

  • Buildings scarred with bullet holes.

  • These protests began last week when students organized against rising crime, food shortages and high inflation.

  • At more than 56 percent, Venezuela has one of the highest inflation rates in the world.

  • We are here because we hope we can have enough goods, supplies and a safe environment to live in.

  • We also expect quality education.

  • President Nicolas Maduro met the opposition with a rally of his own and is not backing down.

  • I will continue in power, because the people (inaudible)are in power.

  • On this constitution I swear, I swear and I will swear, nothing will take me off the road of building the Bolivarian revolution that Hugo Chavez left us.

  • Maduro has the media on a tight leash.

  • The Maduro government threatened legal action for what it called media manipulation against Venezuela. And attacks on V-TV, the government run television station.

  • While Maduro can still count on a loyal following of Chavistas, supporters of former president Hugo Chavez, Venezuela`s youth refused to back down.

  • Jim Clancy, CNN.

  • There are often obstacles in the Olympics, and not just in the events themselves.

  • Yesterday, when it was time for men`s biathlon and snowboard cross in Sochi, Russia, there was this:

  • fog, lots of fog. Thick fog. It caused the events to be postponed.

  • It was the second day in a row this had happened to the biathlon.

  • American snowboarder Nate Holland said, this is pretty common.

  • Mother Nature doesn`t always cooperate.

  • It doesn`t seem to matter much to the Americans or the Russians. Late yesterday afternoon, the two countries were "leading" the overall Olympic medal count, with 18 medals each

  • Netherlands was close behind with 17 overall medals, and Norway and Canada had 15 medals each.

  • Netherlands was close behind with 17 overall medals, and Norway and Canada had 15 medals each.

  • Germany had 13 medals total, but eight of them were gold. Germany was leading in gold medals alone.

  • Some call it the winter blues. If you`re - just not feeling yourself when the days are short, the weather is cold, the sunlight is weak.

  • It`s not just about one hibernate in winter time. For those who feel depressed this time of year or have symptoms of it.

  • There`s a medically recognized reason - and thankfully, there are some easy ways to deal with it.

  • Even if you love the cold and winter sports, you`ve got to admit, this had felt like a long winter.

  • AT least 12 million Americans suffer from something known as seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. Numbers probably even higher than that.

  • Longer nights, shorter days. All that leads to a chemical imbalance in the brain.

  • What happens, is your serotonin levels are down, and melatonin, which makes you sleepy, that`s up, to make sense.

  • Symptoms can be mild or severe. You can get fatigue, lack of energy, oversleeping, difficulty concentrating.

  • And also, cravings for food that cause waking. That probably sounds familiar as well.

  • Diet and exercise can always help. Also, get outside as much as you can.

  • You can also get a specialty designed light box.

  • You just sit there and stare at it for a while each day, or at least put it on your desk.

  • The point is, you can get a boost of more natural light.

  • Worst case, some doctors may recommend antidepressants or psychotherapy to help you get through this.

  • Another tidbit, find things that bring you joy.

  • Open up the blinds in your house, play some of your favorite music and be with your family.

  • Laughter and togetherness are always great therapy for the winter blues.

  • Time for The Shoutout. In addition to Presidents Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln, whose face is carved on Mount Rushmore?

  • You know what to do. Is it: Benjamin Franklin, Franklin Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt or John Adams? You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • The missing man here is Theodore Roosevelt, the 26 president of the United States. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • Yesterday, it was president`s day in the United States.

  • But what`s interesting is, it really wasn`t. Officially, the holiday is known as Washington`s Birthday.

  • George Washington was born on February, 22 1732.

  • Congress eventually moved the celebration to a Monday, so government workers could get a three day weekend.

  • What Congress didn`t do was officially change the name to president`s day in honor of Washington and Lincoln who were both born in February.

  • Many Americans still call it President`s Day and Lincoln, after all, did get a memorial.

  • He presided over some of the most transformative events of the last century.

  • I`m happy to join with you today .

  • Martin Luther King Jr.`s I have a dream speech.

  • Vietnam War protests.

  • So it`s hard to believe that this 19 feet high 175 ton Abraham Lincoln,

  • one of the most recognizable memorials in all the world, almost never existed.

  • And for a familiar reason: congressional gridlock over government spending.

  • When you hear people talk about Washington as a swamp, it`s not just a metaphor.

  • Over a century ago, right where I`m standing, was actually a swamp.

  • It was a place for vagrants and as legend has it, even a place to dump dead bodies.

  • Now, to build this would cost $3 million.

  • It doesn`t sound like a lot in today`s terms, but back then, it was the most expensive in history.

  • Joe Cannon who was the speaker of the House, he called it a swamp, and he didn`t understand how we could have a presidential memorial out here.

  • It took almost a decade, five failed votes in Congress to approve this site.

  • It took almost a decade, five failed votes in Congress to approve this site.

  • The designer who was Henry Bacon, he came up with this idea of putting this thing on elevated kind of hill, on pylons, 60 feet in the air.

  • And that`s where the temple - the memorial actually begins.

  • Finally, in February 1914, 100 years ago this month, construction began and took eight years to complete.

  • It`s an epic memorial, and the idea that it`s not only a president - it actually speaks to this huge American experience that was so important in our history.

  • But the Lincoln Memorial isn`t just iconic, because it commemorates history, it`s because it`s a place where history is made, the place for political protest.

  • That all started in 1939 with a concert by opera singer Marian Anderson.

  • She had been scheduled to sing at the Daughters of American Revolution, but when it was learned that the audience would be segregated, she refused to do so.

  • It was a concert, but it was a protest, and people knew it.

  • Afterwards in the `40s, in the `50s, you just have a steady stream whether it`s an explicit protest, a conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Prayer Pilgrimage organized by Martin Luther King.

  • The latest in this chapter was actually at the Obama - the first Obama inaugural.

  • The day before they had a huge event here, which was very celebratory, but actually draws on this very same tradition.

  • So, "while" a memorial itself, is it "a " tribute to Lincoln from his famous speeches to his hands?

  • One clench for strength, the other open to show compassion.

  • Its legacy for the last century is the perch Lincoln provides to Americans to protest and celebrate.

  • This has become a place that the American people really feel attached to.

  • Last Friday`s Roll Call went to the dogs, today`s goes to the cats, because we re feline like it.

  • The Cougars at Springfield High School are watching. Glad to see you all in Springfield, Pennsylvania.

  • What about the wild cats? They`ve got us on in Guntersville, Alabama. Home of Guntersville High School and out West in Nevada, it`s all about the Garrett Junior High School Bobcats.

  • They are watching right meow in Boulder City.

  • Believe it or not, we`ve seen a surfing cat. We`ve shown surfing dogs.

  • I remember a song about a surfing cow. But you only see something like this hen pigs surf.

  • It`s a surfing pig. The owner says it fell into the pool one day - that`s how they found out it could swim.

  • After that, well, why not? Take it surfing. It hangs out, it hangs to, it wipes out, up pops the snout.

  • It gets back on the board and rides the waves to shore.

  • Looks like it`s in hog heaven. It has onlookers squealing with surprise, although some say for surfing bodies, it`s a pork choice.

  • After every ride, he`s just bacon to go again. And we`d show you more, but we`re just snout at time.

  • I`m Carl Azuz hanging it up for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Welcome back to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes of commercial-free headlines for the classroom.

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February 18, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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