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  • Hi. Where are you? I can't see anything. Help. Oh, that's better. Hello. Today, I'm going

  • to teach you about glasses. These are sunglasses. But what I'm going to teach you about today

  • are more important than sunglasses. They are glasses for bad eyesight.

  • So if you have bad eyesight, maybe you do this when you try to read something. Or you

  • look far away and you -- this, what I'm doing with my eyes, it's a verb, and it's called

  • "squint" or "squinting". So I -- or maybe you -- squint because you can't see something

  • properly. If this has happened to you, you might be a victim of bad eyesight. So you

  • need to go to an eye doctor. Now, a lot of doctors like to use bigger words

  • to make it more difficult for you to actually contact someone. So in doctor words, an eye

  • doctor's proper name is an "optometrist". If you speak a Latin-based language, maybe

  • you use the same word. "Opto" means "eye", and "tometrist" means -- I don't know, "doctor"?

  • I don't know. But I do know that "opto" means "eye". So an "eye doctor", in the proper form,

  • is "optometrist". If you have a problem with your eyes, you have to go to an eye doctor.

  • And they will get lots of money from you, do lots of tests, and then you get to wear

  • glasses. Cool. So the very, very first thing is we have two

  • adjectives to describe why you may have bad eyesight. These are the most common phrases

  • that people use. Now, because these two words end in -ed, they are adjectives. Because these

  • are adjectives, like every adjective in English, you have to use the verb "to be". So you cannot

  • say, "I nearsighted" or "I farsighted." You have to say, "I am nearsighted" or "I am farsighted."

  • So "nearsighted" means you cannot see things that are far away. So when you wake up in

  • the morning, depending on how bad your eyesight is, you can't read the alarm clock, or you

  • can't read the clock. If you're in a classroom and you sit at the back of the class -- I

  • always did that, and I was always like this, "I can't see what the teacher's written. I

  • need glasses. I'm not getting glasses." So if you can't see things far away, you're called

  • "nearsighted". Guess what? "Farsighted" is the opposite of that. So if you can't see

  • things really close up, you are what we call "farsighted". These are the layman's terms,

  • the regular terms that we would use for this kind of bad eyesight.

  • The doctor's terms for, first of all, "nearsighted", is "myopia". "Myopia" means exactly the same

  • as being "nearsighted". But "myopia" and "hyperopia" are nouns. So because these guys are nouns,

  • we have to use "have". So you could say, "I have myopia" or "I am nearsighted." They're

  • the same. Or you could say, "I have hyperopia" or "I am farsighted." Okay? Most commonly,

  • we would use this, "nearsighted", "farsighted". Depending on what language you speak, maybe

  • you use these in your language. And that's easier for you? Perfect. Do whatever's easiest.

  • The next thing that we have is another noun. We say, "I have an astigmatism." Repeat after

  • me. "I have an astigmatism." Your turn. Do it again. Okay. So "I have an astigmatism."

  • This means that your eyes do not focus well, and everything is blurry. It doesn't matter

  • if it's far away or close up, it's blurry. Things are, like, doubled. It's like you drank

  • a hundred beers, and you're constantly having double vision.

  • So if you have something wrong with your eyes, you're going to have to wear -- as a verb

  • -- glasses. Now, please be very, very careful. You don't wear "glass". I'm sure that would

  • hurt. You're going to have to wear "glasses". It's very important that you pronounce the

  • end of the word, so it sounds like "glasses". Maybe you are sick of glasses, and you got

  • contacts. The long form of "contacts" is, actually, "contact lenses". But we never say

  • "contact lenses". It takes too long. We just say "contacts". Now, some people -- those

  • crazy people out there -- can get colored contacts. So you can actually make your eyes

  • a different color. I've seen this. Some people even have contacts that have swirls, so their

  • eyes look swirly and crazy. And some people get very unnatural colored contacts, like

  • purple. So be careful. That blue-eyed girl that you're looking at might really have brown

  • eyes. Okay. The other kind of thing that you have to be

  • concerned about when you get older, maybe, are a kind of glasses called "bifocals". "Bi"

  • means "two". So "bifocals" actually have two different lenses in the glasses. A lot of

  • older people find that their eyesight is deteriorating -- getting worse and worse. So instead of

  • having to switch glasses from nearsighted, farsighted, you actually get one pair of glasses

  • that have two lenses. It takes a lot of getting used to if you have bifocals because, I'm

  • sure if you look, you get confused, and -- it's like you're drunk again. Bifocals are only

  • in glasses. Now, maybe you are sick to death of glasses,

  • and you've tried contacts. You just can't take it anymore. Every day you clean the contacts;

  • you put them in your eyes; they rip. I am speaking from experience. I used to have glasses.

  • I never wore them. Then I had contacts. So when I was younger, people said, "Ronnie,

  • you need glasses." But I didn't wear my glasses. I did, in fact, get contacts, and I could

  • see again. And I realized that people were looking at me because I'm a little strange.

  • But what I did is I had laser surgery. "Hallelujah! I can see!" Laser surgery is, actually, a

  • laser or beam -- let's go. They take your eyeball. They cut open -- "What? They cut

  • open your eyeball?" Oh, yeah. There's a skin that covers your -- a layer of skin that covers

  • your eyeball. They cut it open with a laser. They lift it up, and they shoot a laser, and

  • -- magic! It fixes your eye. Clearly, I am not an optometrist, and I don't

  • really know how to do laser surgery. But if you would like to send me a check for 2000 dollars, I'll

  • do your laser surgery. Just subscribe to my YouTube channel, EnglishLessons4U. I'll get

  • you a sweet deal on laser surgery. I cannot guarantee the results. Laser surgery makes

  • one happy lady or gentleman because you do not have to wear glasses anymore.

  • If you have problems with your eyes -- what's your problem? What's your eye problem? Are

  • you nearsighted? Are you farsighted? Do you have an astigmatism? I -- I was blessed with

  • two. I had an astigmatism, and I was nearsighted. I couldn't see anything. I got the laser surgery.

  • Bam! I can see all of you right now. See you later.

Hi. Where are you? I can't see anything. Help. Oh, that's better. Hello. Today, I'm going

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B1 US laser eyesight surgery doctor myopia optometrist

English Vocabulary - Bad Eyesight: glasses, contacts, optometrist, eye doctor...

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